Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28525
標題: 外來種植物入侵對台灣農業部門之經濟影響分析 -以小花蔓澤蘭為例
Estimating the Economic Impacts of Exotic Plants on Taiwan Agricultural Sector-The Evidence from Mikania Micrantha H.B.K.
作者: 黃淑娟
Huang, Shu-Chuan
關鍵字: 外來入侵種
alien invasive species
小花蔓澤蘭
市場價值評估法
條件評估法
願付價值
Mikania micrantha H.B.K.
the assessment of Market Value
Contingent Valuation Method
Willingness to Pay
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
引用: 中文部分 孔國輝、吳七根、胡啟明、葉萬輝,2000 b,薇甘菊(Mikania micrantha H.B.K)的形態、分類與生態資料補記,熱帶亞熱帶植物學報 8 (2):128-130。 吳佩瑛,2006,生物多樣性資源價值的評估方法,生物多樣性社會經濟篇,教育部顧問室生物多樣性人才培育先導型計畫:49-70 吳佩瑛、謝佩華,1995,「環境財需求函數之估計:封閉式條件評估模型之比較分析」,農業經濟叢刊1(1):1-46。 昝啟杰、王勇軍、王伯蓀、廖文波、李鳴光,2000,外來雜草薇甘菊的分布及危害,生態學雜誌 19(6):58-61。 孫麗珠,2008,太魯閣國家公園入侵植物初探自然保育季刊61:24-29。 楊純明,2001,漫談薇甘菊,農業試驗所技術服務48:1-5 。 張芷熒、曾喜有、呂金誠、曾彥學,2008,台灣地區歸化植物之侵略性評估系統建立,林業研究季刊30(4):29-40。 陳明健,2005,自然資源與環境經濟學,雙葉,台北。 陳威廷,2004,有害生物對臺灣農業生態環境影響之經濟分析-以福壽螺、果實蠅為例,碩士綸文,國立台灣大學農業經濟學研究所。 陳凱莉,1997,自然資源之經濟效益評估—以宜蘭縣蘭陽溪口為例,臺灣銀行季刊48(4):153-190。 彭國棟,2008,外來入侵物種之危害及防治,自然保育概論,華立圖書股份有限公司:157-165。 黃士元、廖天賜、郭曜豪,2003,外來的植物殺手-小花蔓澤蘭,自然保育季刊42:13-19。 趙榮台,2006,外來入侵種與生物多樣性,生物多樣性概論,教育部顧問室生物多樣性人才培育先導型計畫:159-166。 蔣慕琰、徐玲明,2000,外來植物在臺灣之野化、影響及管理,2000年海峽兩岸生物多樣性與保育研討會論文集,國立自然科學博物館印行:339-412。 蔣慕琰、徐玲明、陳富永,2002,入侵植物小花蔓澤蘭(Mikania micrantha Kunth)之確認,植保會刊44:61-65。 蔣慕琰、徐玲明、袁秋英、陳富永、蔣永正,2003,臺灣外來植物之危害與生態,2003小花蔓澤蘭危害與生態研討會專刊:97-109。 蔣慕琰、徐玲明、袁秋英、蔣永正,2003,臺灣外來植物之野化與生態,2003 植物生物多樣性與植物資源永續利用研討會論文集,賴明洲主編,東海大學印行:47-65。 鄭蕙燕,2000,生物多樣性之經濟價值分析與政策評估研究,行政院農業委員會補助研究計畫,89科技-1.6-企-01,中興大學農業經濟系。 鄭蕙燕,2006,生物多樣性之經濟價值與評估,生物多樣性概論,教育部顧問室生物多樣性人才培育先導型計畫:223-238 蕭代基、鄭蕙燕、吳佩瑛、錢玉蘭、溫麗琪,2002,環境保護的成本效益分析—理論、方法與應用,俊傑,臺北。 英文部分 Alberini, Anna ,1995. Optimal Designs for Discrete Choice Contingent Valuation Survey:Single-Bound, Double-Bound, and Bivariate Models, Journal of Environment Economics and Management 28:287-306. Bateman, I. J., I. H. Langford, A. P. Jones, G. N. Kerr, 2001. Bound and Path Effects in Double and Triple Bounded Dichotomous Choice Contingent Valuation, Resource and Energy Economics 23 : 191-213. Cameron, T. A. and M. D. James, 1987. Efficient Estimation Methods for “closed-ended”Contingent Valuation Surveys, Review of Economics and Statistics 69:269-276. Cameron, T.A. and J. Quiggin ,1994. Estimation Using Contingent Valuation Data From a Dichotomous Choice with Follow-up Questionnaire, Journal of Environment Economics and Management 27:218-234. Ciriacy-Watrup, S. V.,1947. Capital Returns from Soil-Conservation Practices, Journal of Farm Economics 29 : 1181-96. Cumming, R.G., D.S. Brookshire, and W.D.Schalze, 1986. Valuing Environmental Goods : An Assessment of the Contingent Valuing Method. Rowam Allanheld, Totowa,N.J. Davis, R. K.,1963. The Value of Outdoor Recreation, An Economic Study of the Woods, Ph. D. Thesis, Harvard University. Elton, C. S. ,1958. The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants, The University of Chicago Press : 109-124. Freeman, A. M., 2003. The Measurement of Environmental and Resource Values :Theory and Methods Resources for the Future,Washington DC. Haab, T. C., and K. E. McConnell, 2002. Valuing Environmental and Natural –the Econometrics of Non-Market Valuation, New Horizons in Environmental Economics, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK. Northampton , MA, USA. Hanemann, W. M. ,1984. Welfare Evaluations in Contingent Valuation Experiments with Discrete Responses, American Journal of Agricultural Economics 66:332-341. Hanley, N and C.L Spash, 1993. Cost-benefit Analysis and the Environment. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, Vermont, US. Heberlien, T. A. and R. C. Bishop, 1985. Assessing the Validity of Contingent Valuation:Three Field Experiments, Paper presented at The International Conference on Man’s Role in Changing the Global Environment, Italy, October. Herriges, J.A. and J. F. Shogren, 1996. Starting Point Bias in Dichotomous Choice Valuation with Follow-up Questioning, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 30 : 112-131. Hoeh, J., and Randall, A., 1987. A Satisfactory Benefit Cost Indicator From Contingent Valuation, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 14:226-247. Holmes, T. P, J. C. Bergstrom, E. Huszar, S. B. Kask, F. Orr III ,2004. Contingent Valuation, Net Marginal Benefits, and the Scale of Riparian Ecosystem Restoration, Ecological Economics 49(1):19-30. McConnell, K. E., 1990. Model for Referendum Data:The Staurcture of Discrete Choice Models for Contingent Valuation, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 18:19-34. Melina B., and Maria L. Loureiro, 2010. A meta-analysis of contingent valuation forest studies, Ecological Economics 69:1023-1030 Miroslav V., and Renata S., 2009. An econometric analysis of willingness-to-pay for sustainabledevelopment: A case study of the Volčji Potok landscape area, Ecological Economics 68:1316-1328 Mitchell, R.C.and R.T.Carson, 1989. Using Surveys to Value Public Goods : The Contingent Valuation Method, Resources for the Future. Washington, DC. Oerke, E.C., Dehne, H.W., Schonbeck, F., Weber, A., 1994. Crop Production and Crop Protection: Estimated Losses in Major Food and Cash Crops., Elsevier, Amsterdam. Pimentel, D., Lach, L., Zuniga, R., Morrison, D., 2000. Environmental and economic costs associated with non-indigenous species in the United States, BioScience 50 (1):53–65. Pimentel, D., S. McNair, J. Wightman, C. Simmonds, C. O’Connell, E. Wong, L. Russel, J. Zern, T. Aquino, and T. Tsomondo, 2001. Economic along with environmental threats of alien plant, animal, and microbe invasions. Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment. 84:1-20. Pimentel, D., Zuniga, R., Morrison D., 2005. Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States, Ecological Economics 52:273-288. Pyšek, P., K. Prach, M. Rejma’nek and M. Wade(eds.), 1995. Plant invasions:general aspects and special problems. SPB Academic Publishing,Amsterdam, 263. Pyšek, P., D. M. Richardson, M. Rejmánek, G. Webster, M. Williamson, and J.Kirschner, 2004. Alien plants in checklist and flora: towards bettercommunication between taxonomist and ecologist, Taxon 53: 131-143. Richardson D. M., Pysek P., Rejmanek M., Barbour M.G., Panetta F.D.&West C.J, 2000. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants:concepts and definitions,Diversity and Distributions6:93-107 Tolley, G., D. Kenkel, and R. Fabian, 1994. Valuing Health for Policy. Chicago:University of Chicago Press. Scheaffer, R. L., Mandenhall, W. and Ott, 1990. Elementary Survey Sampling 4th ed., Duxbrey Press. Singh, S.P., 1996. Biological control. In: Paroda, R.S., Chadha, K.L. (Eds.), 50 Years of Crop Science Research in India. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi : 88–116. Spedding, C.R.W., 1985. Weeds, pests and diseases in grassland and herbage legumes — an overview. In: Brockman, J.S. (Ed.), Weeds, Pests and Diseases of Grassland and Herbage Legumes. British Crop Protection Council Publications, Croydon, United Kingdom : 1–19. Waterhouse, D.F., 1994. Biological Control of Weeds: Southeast AsianProspects. ACIAR, Canberra, Australia. Wilcove, D. S., D. Rothstein, D. Dubow, A. Phillips and E. Losos, 1998. Quantifying threats to imperiled species in the United States, BioScience 48: 607-615.
摘要: 外來物種的入侵與蔓延,已成為破壞本土生態保育、生物多樣性,以及影響農業生產的重要因素之一。在台灣中南部隨處可見的小花蔓澤蘭(Mikania micrantha H.B.K.),即為外來物種之一,入侵20餘年來,分布面積已達4-5萬公頃,造成生態景觀資源及農業生產損失的威脅,不容小覷。 為進一步評估小花蔓澤蘭造成的經濟損失,本研究分別從市場價值與非市場價值二部分,探討其對農業部門的經濟影響。在市場價值部分,運用受危害作物產值的變化、損失率,加上農業部門投入的控制成本等,做為評估市場價值的基礎;非市場價值經濟影響,則運用條件評估法之支出函數,以單界二元選擇封閉式問卷方式,設定三種損失率狀況下,推估民眾對每種狀況的願付價值。 市場價值評估結果,依作物產值減產率10%、15%、30%分別計算小花蔓澤蘭入侵農地造成之經濟損失,2002至2008年總計分別為新台幣40億元、57億元及107億元;非市場價值評估結果,當小花蔓澤蘭每公頃蔓延面積造成林木受損面積約達10%、15%及30%時,每人每年中位數的願付價值分別為新臺幣743元、857元及1,489元。若換算為每公頃每年願付價值則分別為新臺幣31萬元、36萬元及62萬元。 綜合而言,小花蔓澤蘭在市場價值及非市場價值造成之經濟總損失,依三種損失率狀況分別為每年每公頃新臺幣382,429元、458,443及809,148元,若以2008年危害面積計算,總損失分別為新臺幣88億、 102億及 178億元。上述龐大的經濟損失顯示,小花蔓澤蘭防治工作仍尚未達成有效控制之目標。
The invasion and spread of alien species is the one of the main influences factors, which destroy the native ecological conservation, bio-diversity, and reduce the agricultural production. Specially, Mikania micrantha H.B.K., which can be seen everywhere in the central and southern Taiwan, has covered over 4 -5 million hectares and induced a large number losses in the ecology, landscape and agriculture within the past 20 years. Therefore, this study assessed the economic losses of Mikania micrantha H.B.K. by the market value and non-market value. From the view of the market value, this study adopted the change/loss rates of endangered crops, and the control cost to assess the market value. On the other hand, this study used the expenditure function developed by the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM), and the optional-closed questionnaire with single-bounded dichotomous characteristics, to estimate the willingness to pay by person for various conditions under three kinds of loss rates. This study estimated the economic losses due to the agricultural land invasion of Mikania micrantha H.B.K. during the period of 2002 to 2008. Based on the outcomes of market value assessment, the economic losses for the crop loss rates of 10%, 15% and 30% are 4.0 billion NTD, 5.7 billion NTD and 10.7 billion NTD, respectively. Moreover, the non-market value assessment shows that the willingness to pay of each person for the forest damage area of 10%, 15% and 30% are 743 NTD, 857 NTD and 1,489 NTD, respectively. In addition, above costs based on non-market value can be valued by per hectare, and the corresponding values for the forest damage area of 10%, 15% and 30% are 320 thousand NTD, 370 thousand NTD and 650 thousand NTD, respectively. In general, after summing the economic losses of market/non-market values, the total economic losses per hectare induced by Mikania micrantha H.B.K., are 396,940 NTD (10% loss rate), 475,181 NTD (15% loss rate) and 838,230 NTD (30% loss rate), individually. If the economic losses of 2008 are only calculated, the total losses are 9.2 billion NTD (10% loss rate), 10.7 billion NTD (15% loss rate) and 18.6 billion NTD (30% loss rate), respectively. Above enormous economic losses shows that the prevention and the control of Mikania micrantha H.B.K. are still not reach the objective of effective control.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28525
其他識別: U0005-2807201015591000
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2807201015591000
Appears in Collections:應用經濟學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.