Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28541
標題: 台灣鄉村地區鳥類族群多樣性評估模式之建置
The Evaluating Model of Avian Diversity in Rural Area of Taiwan
作者: 黃偉銘
Huang, Wei-Ming
關鍵字: Landscape Ecology
景觀生態
Scale
Avian Diversity
eCognition
GIS
景觀生態尺度
鳥類族群多樣性
eCognition
GIS
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 本研究希冀從國內外的研究成果中,篩選出適於台灣的生態評估指標,並以適於台灣鄉村地區之景觀生態研究尺度,發展出台灣鄉村生態鳥類族群多樣性的評估模型,更期望藉此模式探求未來生態規劃之方針。研究根據景觀生態結構理論,運用eCognition、Arc GIS與Fragstats等景觀結構量化工具,計算篩選而得的景觀生態評估指標,並進一步以多元回歸之分析方法,獲得台灣鄉村地區鳥類族群多樣性評估模式,且歸納成以下重要結論: 一、以複合尺度之概念(結合地理尺度及生活圈尺度)考量台灣鄉村地區之生態,能有效解釋鳥類族群之生物多樣性。 二、擁有豐富樹籬廊道之景觀,其鳥類族群多樣性越高。故研究建議於鄉村地區增設多樣化的樹籬廊道,且使各樹籬廊道間相互連結形成網絡,並連繫於周圍之林帶或自然保護區。 三、具有群簇水體的景觀擁有豐富之鳥類族群多樣性。因此,研究建議於未來鄉村規劃上,應重視群簇水域環境之規劃。 四、局部人為干擾可以增加一地區的景觀異質性,使其多樣性比未經干擾地區高;但若干擾範圍或強度過大,將再度使景觀單調,而導致多樣性變低。 五、道路對生態之衝擊是存在的,期望未來生態規劃仍能對道路之生態衝擊有所警惕,以生態道路之概念規劃鄉村地區之道路結構。
The major purposes of this study were to select appropriate indices for ecological evaluation and develop the evaluating model of avian diversity in rural area of Taiwan. It is expected that this model could be applied in ecological planning. Based on the structure concept in landscape ecology, the study employed eCognition, ArcGis, and Fragstats to calculate the evaluating indices of landscape ecology. Furthermore, the study utilized multiple regression analysis to identify the evaluating model of avian diversity in rural area of Taiwan. Five major conclusions could be drawn from this study and they were described as followings. 1.It is more efficient to explain avian diversity by using the concept of multiscale which combined geological scale with home range scale. 2.The more abundant hedgerow landscape exists, the more the avian diversity is. 3.The more clustered water body landscape exists, the more the avian diversity is. 4.Partially artificial disturbance could increase an area's landscape heterogeneity and hence diversity is higher than that of undisturbed areas. 5.Using the concept of road ecology in planning rural area's road system could decrease the level of negative ecological impact.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28541
其他識別: U0005-0308200620143200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0308200621162500
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