Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 燈籠草屬異節物種間的雜交
Hybridization of Kalanchoe Species Between Different Sections
作者: 王嘉偉
Wang, Chia-Wei
關鍵字: Kalanchoe
inter-sectional hybridization
出版社: 園藝學系所
引用: 林天枝、莊杉行、洪澨堂。1991。藥劑處理對促進朝鮮薊抽苔之影響。臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 32: 11-15。 林和鋒、葉德銘。2000。長壽花最新盆栽技術。鄉間小路 27(3): 58-59。 侯宇龍。2003。鵝鑾鼻燈籠草與長壽花之種間雜交育種。國立中興大學園藝系研究所碩士論文。 89pp。 姜義展、陳永漢。1994。長壽花之栽培。桃園區農業專訊 17: 13-16。 高典林。2006。現代作物育種學。467pp。藝軒圖書出版社。台北。 陳永漢、張盛添、許啟誠。1999。長壽花栽培與貯運期間的注意事項。桃園區農業專訊 33: 11-13。 陳玉峯。1985。墾丁國家公園海岸植被。p.133-135。內政部營建署墾丁國家公園管理處出版。台北。 黃倉海。2007。台灣原生燈籠草屬物種開花生理、種間雜交與ISSR 分子標誌分析之研究。國立中興大學園藝系研究所博士論文。190 pp。 楊梨玲。1998。聖誕紅實生育種之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 100pp。 楊雅淨。2011。長壽花產業發展新業-在雜交育種上之進展。桃園區農業專訊 75: 4-5。 鄭怡婷。2009。重瓣長壽花之雜交育種。國立中興大學園藝系研究所碩士論文。 64pp。 Ahmed, F.E., A.E. Hall, and D.A. DeMason. 1992. Heat injury during floral development in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata, Fabaceae). Am. J. Bot. 79:784–791. Amano, J., J. Kato, M. Nakano, and M. Mii. 2006. Production of inter-section hybrids between Primula filchnerae and P. sinensis through ovule culture. Scientia. Hort., 110(2): 223-227. Bletsos, F., D. Roupakias, M. Tsaktsira and A. Scaltsoyjannes., 2004. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between three eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) cultivars and Solanum macrocarpon L. Scientia. Hort., 101(1-2): 11-21. Boyle, T. H. and D. P. Stimart., 1986. Self-incompatibility and interspecific incompatibility: relationships in intra- and interspecific crosses of Zinnia elegans Jacq. and Z. angustifolia HBK (Compositae). Theor. Appl. Genet. 73(2): 305-315. Brandvain, Y. and D. Haig., 2005. Divergent mating systems and parental conflict as a barrier to hybridization in flowering plants. Amer. Nat., 166(3): 330-338. Broertjes, C. and L. Leffring., 1972. Mutation breeding of Kalanchoe. Euphytica 21(3): 415-423. Bunning, E. 1936. Die endogene Tagesrhythmik als Grundlage der photoperiodischen Reaktion. Ber Deutsch Botan Gesellschaft. 54: 590-607. Chavez, D. J. and P. M. Lyrene., 2010. Hybridization of two diploid Vaccinium section Cyanococcus species with diploid Vaccinium arboreum in section Batodendron. Euphytica 171(2): 263–272. Corbesier, L. and G. Coupland., 2005. Photoperiodic flowering of Arabidopsis : integrating genetic and physiological approaches to characterization of the floral stimulus. Plant Cell Environ., 28(1): 54-66. development in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata, Fabaceae). Am. J. Bot. 79(7): 784–791. Dole, J. M. and H. F. Wilkins., 1999. Kalanchoe. p.403-407. In: Floriculture- Principles and Species. Prentice-Hall, INC. New Jersey, USA. Dunn, B. L. and J. T. Lindstrom., 2008. Intersectional Hybridization among Trichostema Species. Hortscience 43(2): 310–313. Faure, N., H. Serieys, E. Cazaux, F. Kaan and A. Berville., 2002. Partial Hybridization in wide crosses between cultivated sunflower and the perennial Helianthus Species H. mollis and H. orgyalis. Ann. Bot. 89(1): 31-39. Felber-Girard, M., F. Felber and A. Buttler. 1996. Habitat differentiation in a narrow hybrid zone between diploid and tetraploid Anthoxanthum alpinum. New Phytol. 133:531–540. Ferguson, M. C., 1934. A cytological and a genetical study of petunia. V. The inheritance of color in pollen. Genetics 19(5): 394-411. Fu, K. T., G. Gilbert and H. Ohba., 1996. Kalanchoe. Flora of China. p.248. Garner, W. W. and H. A. Allard. 1920. Effect of the relative length of day and night and other factors of the environment on growth and reproduction in plants. J. Agric. Res. 18: 553-606. Garner, W. W. and H. A. Allard. 1923. Further studies on photoperiodism, the response of plants to relative length of day and night. J. Agric. Res. 23: 871-920. Gehrig, H., O. Gaussmann, H. Marx, D. Schwarzott and M. Kluge., 2001. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Kalanchoe (Crassulaceae) inferred from nucleotide sequences of the ITS-1 and ITS-2 regions. Plant Sci., 160(5): 827–835. Hancock, C. N., K. Kondo, B. Beecher and B. McClure., 2003. The S-locus and unilateral incompatibility. Phil. Trans. Bio. Sci. 358(1434): 1133-1140. Harrison, B. J. and L. A. Darby., 1955. Unilaterial hybridization. Nature 176(4490): 982. Hermsen, J. G. Th. and M. S. Ramanna., 1976. Barriers to hybridization of Solanum bulbocastanum Dun. and S. verrucosum Schlechtd. and structural hybridity in their F1 plants. Euphytica 25: 1-10. Horn, W., 2002. Breeding methods and breeding research. p.47-83. In: Vainstein, A. (ed.), Breeding for Ornamental:Classical and Molecular Approaches. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. Huff, D. R., 1991. Sex ratios and inheritance of anther and stigma color in diploid buffalograss. Crop Sci. 31(2): 328-332. Husband, B. C., and D. W. Schemske. 2000. Ecological mechanisms of reproductive isolation and coexistence of diploid and tetraploid Chamerion angustifolium. J. Ecol. 88:689-701. Izumikawa, Y., I. Nakamura and M. Mii., 2007. Interspecific hybridization between Kalanchoe blossfeldiana and several wild Kalanchoe species with ornamental value. Acta Hort. 743: 59-65. Izumikawa, Y., S. Takei, I. Nakamura and M. Mii., 2008. Production and characterization of inter-sectional hybrids between Kalanchoe spathulata and K. laxiXora ( = Bryophyllum crenatum). Euphytica., 163(1): 123–130. J. Here. 78(5): 319-322. Johnson, E. L., 1948. Response of Kalanchoe tubifkora to X-irradiation. Plant Physiol., 23(4): 544-556. Karpechenko, G. D., 1928. Polyploid hybrids of Raphanus sativus × Brassica oleracea L. (On the problem of experimental species formation). Mol. Gen. Genet. 48(1): 1-85. Kato, A., 1997. Induced single fertilization in maize. Sex. Plant Reprod., 10(2): 96–100. Kato, J., R. Ishikawa, and M. Mii., 2001. Different genomic combinations in inter-section hybrids obtained from the crosses between Primula seiboldii (Section Cortusoides) and P. obconica (Section Obconicolisteri) by the embryo rescue technique. Theor. Appl. Genet., 102(8): 1129-1135. King, R. W. and Y. Ben-Tal., 2001. A florigenic effect of sucrose in Fuchsia hybrida is blocked by gibberellin-induced assimilate competition. Plant Physiol 125(1): 488–496. King, R.W. and L. T. Evans., 2003. Gibberellins and flowering of grasses and cereals: prizing open the lid of the ‘florigen’ black box. Ann. Rev. Plant Biol. 54: 307–328. Klebs, G. 1913. Uber das Verhaltnis der Aussenwelt zur Entwicklung der Pflanze. Heidelberger Academie der Wissenschaften. 5: 1-47. Knott, J. E. 1934. Effect of a localized photoperiod on spinach. Proc. Soc. Hort. Sci. 31: 152-154. Kroon, G. H., J. De Jong and L. W. D. Van Raamsdonk., 1989. Evaluation of the genus Kalanchoe for breeding of new cutflowers and potplants. Acta Hort., 252: 111-116. Kuhl, J. C., M. J. Havey and R. E. Hanneman Jr., 2002. A genetic stydy of unilateral incompatibility between diploid (1EBN) Mexican species Solanum pinnatisectum and S. cardiophyllum subsp. cardiophyllum. Sex Plant Reprod., 14(6): 305-313. Lee Y. H., 1987. Cytology and fertility of an intergeneric orchid hybrid. Lee, C. B., L. E. Page, B. A. McClure, T. P. Holtsford., 2008. Post-pollination hybridization barriers in Nicotiana section Alatae. Sex. plant reprod., 21(3): 183-195. Lewis, D. and L. K. Crowe., 1958. Unilaterial interspecific incompatibility in flowering plants. Heredity 12(2): 233-256. Martin, F. W., 1967. The genetic control of unilateral incompatibility between two tomato species. Genetics 56(3): 391-398. Michaels, S. D. and R. M. Amasino., 2000. Memories of winter: vernalization and the competence to flower. Plant Cell Environ., 23(11): 1145-1153. Michniewicz, M. and A. Lang., 1962. Effect of nine different gibberellins on stem elongation and flower formation in cold requiring and photoperiodic plants growth under non-inductive conditions. Planta 58(5): 549-563. Miyajima, D., 2006. Ovules that failed to form seeds in zinnia (Zinnia violacea Cav.). Sci. Hortic., 107(2): 176-182. Morita, T., S. B. J. Menken and A. A. Sterk., 1990. Hybridization between European and Asian Dandelions (Taraxacum Section Ruderalia and Section Mongolica) 1. Crossability and Breakdown of Self- Incompatibility. New Phytol., 114(3): 519-529. Nave, N., E. Katz, N. Chayut, S. Gazit and A. Samach., 2010. Flower development in the passion fruit Passiflora edulis requires a photoperiod-induced systemic graft-transmissible signal. Plant Cell Environ. 33(12): 2065-2083. Nomura, Y., T. Kazuma, K. Makara, and T. Nagai., 2002. Interspecific hybridization of autumn-flowering Allium species with ornamental Alliums and the characteristics of the hybrid plants. Sci. Hort. 95(3): 223-237. Nuismer, S. L., B. M. Cunningham. 2005. Selection for phenotypic divergence between diploid and autotetraploid Heuchera grossulariifolia. Evolution 59:1928-1935. Pahl, M and B. Darroch., 1997. The effect of temperature and photoperiod on primary floral induction in three lines of alpine bluegrass. Can. J. Plant Sci. 77(4): 615-622. Penner, J., 1960. Uber den Einflub von gibberellin auf die photoperiodisch bedingten bluhvorgange bei Bryophyllum. Planta 55(5): 542-572. Petit, C., P. Lesbros, X. Ge, and J. D. Thompson. 1997. Variation in flowering phenology and selfing rate across a contact zone between diploid and tetraploid Arrhenatherum elatiius. Heredity. 79:31-40. Pharis, R. P. and R. W. King., 1985. Gibberellins and reproductive development in seed plants. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 36: 517–568. Qureshi, S. J., A. G. Awan, M. A. Khan and S. Bano., 2002. Study of pollen fertility of the genus Launaea from Pakistan. Asian J. Plant Sci., 1(1): 73–74. Roden, L. C., H. R. Song, S. Jackson, K. Morris and I. A. Carre., 2002. Floral responses to photoperiod are correlated with the timing of rhythmic expression relative to dawn and dusk in Arabidopsis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 99(20): 13313-13318. Skene, K. G. M. and A. Lang., 1964. Native gibberellins and flower formation in Bryophyllum daigremontianum. Plant Physiol. 39(suppl.):ⅩⅩⅩⅦ. Stein, O. L. and A. W. Sparrow., 1963. The effect of chronic gamma irradiation on the growth of Kalanchoe cv. ‘Brilliant Star’. Radiat. Bot. 3(3):207-222. Stein, O. L. and A. W. Sparrow., 1966. The effect of acute irradiation in air, N2 and CO2 on the growth of the shoot apex and internodes of Kalanchoe cv. Brilliant Star. Radiat. Bot. 6(3): 187-203. Takada, Y., T. Nakanowatari, J. Sato, K. Hatakeyama, T. Kakizaki, A. I. G. Suzuki, H. Shiba, S. Takayama, A. Isogai and M. Watanabe., 2005. Genetic analysis of novel intra-species unilateral incompatibility in Brassica rapa (syn. Campestris) L. Sex Plant Reprod., 17(5): 211-217. Tang, W. H. and T. C. Huang., 1993. Crassulaceae. p.10-34. In: Huang, T. C. (ed.), Flora of Taiwan Vol Ⅲ. Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Taipei, Taiwan. Tournois, J. 1912. Influence de la lumiere sur la floraison du houblon japonais et du chanvre determinees par des semis haitifs. Comptes Rendus de l’Academie Des Sciences de Paris. 155: 297-300. Towner, H. F. 1977. The biosystematics of Calylophus (Onagraceae). Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 64:48-120. Van Tuyl, J. M., K. B. Lim, and M. S. Ramanna., 2002. Interspecific hybridization and introgression. p.47-83. In: Vainstein, A. (ed.), Breeding for Ornamental: Classical and Molecular Approaches. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. Van Voorst, A. and J. C. Arends., 1982. The origin and chromosome numbers of cultivars of Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Von Pollen: their history and evolution. Euphytica 31(3): 573-584. Wadhi, M. and H. Y. Mohan Ram., 1967. Shortening the juvenile phase for flowering in Kalanchoe pinnata. Planta 73:28-36. Wilson, R. N., J. W. Heckman and C. R. Somerville., 1992. Gibberellin is required for flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana under short days. Plant Physiol., 100(1): 403-408. Yasumoto, A. A. and T. Yahara., 2006. Post-pollination reproductive isolation between diurnally and nocturnally flowering daylilies, Hemerocallis fulva and H. citrina. J. Plant. Res., 119(6): 617–623. Zeevaart, J. A. D., 1958. Flower formation as studied by grafting. Meded. Landbouwhogesch. Wageningen. 58:1-88. Zeevaart, J. A. D., 1962. The juvenile phase in Bryophyllum daigremontianum. Planta 58(5): 543-548. Zeevaart, J. A. D., 1978. Flower formation in the short-day plant Kalanchoe by grafting with a long-day and a short-long-day Echeveria. Planta., 140(3): 289-291. Zeevaart, J. A. D., 1985. Bryophyllum. p.89-100. In: Halevy, A. H. (ed.), Handbook of Flowering, VolⅡ. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. Zeevaart, J. A. D. and A. Lang., 1962. The relationship between gibberellin and floral stimulus in Bryophyllum daigremontianum. Planta 58(5):531-542. (, 2011. (, 2011.
摘要: 本試驗使用商業品種:Kalanchoe manginii‘Wendy’、K. blossfeldiana‘Isabella’,物種:落地生根K. pinnatum(KP)、K. nyikae Engler (KN),自交系:鵝鑾鼻燈籠草綠葉型(K. garambiensis‘green leaf’)之自交品系KG 93-13、鵝鑾鼻燈籠草紫葉型(K. garambiensis‘purple leaf’)之自交品系KGP 93-31。以及利用Bryophyllum節與Kalanchoe節雜交所育成的節間雜交品系 ‘Isa × KP 94-1’、‘Isa × KP 94-3’、‘Isa × Wendy 94-1’、‘Isa × Wendy 94-2’、‘KGP × KP 93-1’、‘(KG 93-13 × KP) 98-1’、‘(KG 93-13 × KP) 98-2’等。進行GA3處理、花粉活力檢定、節間雜交與回交試驗,並調查植株與開花特性。 節間雜交子代的到花日數介於117.6~128.3天,而噴施GA3可以使植株提早約5.7~10天開花。以5%蔗糖的BK 培養基中於25℃下培養兩小時之花粉發芽率以K. garambiensis ‘green leaf 93-13’最高,可達到63.3%。其次為K. pinnatum,發芽率為59.9%,節間雜交品系‘Isa × Wendy 94-1’、‘Isa × Wendy 94-2’之花粉皆無發芽。 以K. pinnatum與K. garambiensis ‘green leaf 93-13’進行節間雜交,K. pinnatum為母本時結果率為75%,結種率為11.8%,但是發芽率為0%。以K. garambiensis ‘green leaf 93-13’為母本時,結果率70%,結種率10.4%,種子發芽率為0.9%。而節間雜交後代回交的結果,只有‘KGP × KP 93-1’、‘KGP × KP 93-1M1’、‘(KG93-13 × KP) 98-1’的回交有獲得種子,但是其種子發芽率皆為0。 節間雜交後代的特性大多介於兩親本中間。而花朵數量則具有雜種優勢明顯多於兩親本,而與落地生根雜交之後代皆無遺傳到由葉緣萌發小芽之特性。
In this research, Kalanchoe cutivars: Kalanchoe manginii ‘Wendy', K. blossfeldiana ‘Isabella', species: K. pinnatum, K. nyikae, the inbred Lines of K. garambiensis ‘green leaf' and K. garambiensis ‘purple leaf': KG 93-13, KGP 93-31 and the inter-sectional hybrids between K. manginii ‘Wendy', K. pinnatum which belong to sect. Bryophyllum and K. garambiensis ‘green leaf', K. garambiensis ‘purple leaf', K. blossfeldiana Poellnitz ‘Isabella' which belong to sect. Kalanchoe: ‘KGP × KP 93-1', ‘Isa × KP 94-1', ‘Isa × KP 94-3', ‘Isa × Wendy 94-1', ‘Isa × Wendy 94-2', ‘(KG93-13 × KP) 98-1', ‘(KG93-13 × KP) 98-2' were subjected to GA3 treatment, pollen viability test, inter-sectional hybridization, backcross, and examine the plant and flower characteristics. Days to flower of the inter-sectional hybrids ranged from 117.6~128.3 days, and spaying of GA3 could shorten the days to flower about 5.7~10 days. Pollens that cultured on B&K medium containing 5% sucrose and kept at 25℃ for two hours, got the highest germination rate in K. garambiensis ‘green leaf 93-13', about 63.3%, followed by K. pinnatum 59.9%, and the inter-sectional hybrids‘Isa × Wendy 94-1',‘Isa × Wendy 94-2' did not germinate. The inter-sectional cross between K. pinnatum and K. garambiensis ‘green leaf 93-13', when K. pinnatum was used as maternal parent, the fruit set was 75% and fertility rate was 11.8%, but the seeds did not germinate. In the reverse crosses, when K. garambiensis ‘green leaf 93-13' was used as maternal parent, the fruit set was 70%, fertility rate was 10.4% and germination rate was 0.9%. Only the backcross of‘KGP × KP 93-1', ‘KGP × KP 93-1M1' and ‘(KG93-13 × KP) 98-1'could obtain seeds, however, the seeds did not germinate. And the embryo culture also could not get the germinative seeds. The Morphological characters of the inter-sectional hybrids are mostly intermediate between parents, and showed hybrid vigor in the number of flower, which was more than either parent.The epiphyllous bud formation on the leaf margin was one of the conspicuous characteristics of K. pinnatum, but all the hybrids of K. pinnatum did not present this characteristics.
其他識別: U0005-1608201101191600
Appears in Collections:園藝學系



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.