Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28775
標題: Streptomyces saraceticus肥料製劑對''巨峰''葡萄植株生長及果實品質之影響
Effects od Streptomyces saraceticus Fertilizer on Vine Growth and Fruit Quality of ''Kyoho'' Grapes
作者: 陳姿翰
Chen, Tzu-Han
關鍵字: Streptomyces saraceticus
Streptomyces saraceticus
grape
growth
葡萄
生長
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 為探討S. saraceticus肥料製劑對''巨峰''葡萄(Vitis vinifera L. x Vitis labruscana Bailey cv. Kyoho )植株生長之影響,及其對果實品質之影響。本研究於2005年夏季對''巨峰''葡萄植株施用不同處理之肥料,調查其對植株新梢生長及翌春植株新梢生長之影響。所使用之放射線菌為Streptomyces saraceticus。將Streptomyces saraceticus + 黃豆粉 + 黑糖加水發酵培養7日後,分別施用在葡萄盆栽植株及成年樹。 試驗結果顯示,S. saraceticus +黃豆粉+黑糖之處理及黃豆粉+黑糖之處理較其他處理能顯著促進植株之生長,而處理濃度間以20倍液較50倍液佳。夏季施用放射線菌肥料製劑之處理可促進盆栽植株之新梢生長達未處理之兩倍,加粗新梢橫徑與幹徑,增加葉片數及葉片大小,並可延長新梢之生長期,改善植株根部之生長狀況。而施用放射線菌肥料製劑在增加植株鮮乾重上也有顯著之影響。而施用放射線菌肥料製劑之植株內之元素乾物量也較多,其中以氮、磷、鉀元素乾重量最為顯著。在夏季施用放射線菌肥料製劑對盆栽植株翌春生長之影響上,可使萌芽率約於催芽後第10天時達50%以上,並可促進新梢的生長達135.6cm,加粗新梢橫徑與幹徑。放射線菌肥料製劑處理對''巨峰''葡萄夏果及冬果果實品質之影響方面,施用放射線菌肥料製劑可增加果長,糖度較對照組高,酸度則較低,並可有效促進著色。
In order to study the effect of Streptomyces saraceticus fertilizer on vine growth and fruit quality of ''Kyoho''(Vitis vinifera L. X Vitis labruscana Bailey) grapes. Different treatment of S. saraceticus fertilizer was supplied in summer of 2005, and its effect on shoot growth in the fall and the next spring were investigated. S. saraceticus add soybean meal and sugar fermented for 7 days, then supplied to potted plants and field vines. Results was shown that treatment of S. saraceticus add soybean meal and sugar promoted more growth of vine than other treatments, and 20-fold of which appeared better than that of 50-fold one in concentration. S. saraceticus fertilizer supplied in summer not only promoted shoot growth double than non-supply one, but also in shoot diameter, trunk diameter, leaf number, leaf area and roots growth. It was also found that fresh weight, dry weight and nutrient elements in different part of potted plant increased significantly after S. saraceticus fertilizer was supplied. S. saraceticus fertilizer supplied in summer increased the percentage and shorter time of budbreak in the next spring, it also promoted the growth of new shoots. S. saraceticus fertilizer supplied to vineyard in summer and winter increased berry length, solubile solid, reduced acidity and improved coloration of grapes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28775
其他識別: U0005-2908200610335900
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2908200611472700
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