Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28846
標題: 彩色甜椒嫁接方式與嫁接植株生育之情形
Grafting of sweet pepper on hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. annuum) and their effects in plant growth.
作者: 劉國聖
Liu, Kong-Sang
關鍵字: Grafting of sweet pepper
甜椒嫁接
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 以‘Valentia’、‘Veltor’、‘Dobby’彩椒甜椒為試驗材料,研究嫁接辣椒方法與嫁接植株生育之情形。成活率以穗砧苗齡八片葉組合77.1%顯著最低,其他組合為83%~100%,且處理間差異不顯著。套管嫁接以上/上(接穗子葉上方/砧木子葉上方)嫁接成活率為100%,植株生長方面如葉面積、地上部鮮重等表現最佳。劈接成活率及植株生長情形較套管嫁接者差。套管嫁接成活率為6片本葉/4片本葉、4片本葉/4片本葉組合為100%最佳,葉面積、地上部鮮重以8片本葉/8片本葉、8片本葉/4片本葉最佳,但其嫁接成活率較低。以套管嫁接,穗砧切口部位於子葉上方之嫁接苗生育較各其他部位組合佳。彩椒‘Veltor’以大苗/72格苗、128/72格苗嫁接組合成活率最佳,以大苗/72格苗組合之‘百香’砧木、72/35格苗組合之‘艷茹’砧木有提早開花現象。二氧化碳癒合處理,以‘Valentia’、‘Dobby’嫁接‘生生四號’、‘百香’辣椒砧木之生長性狀最佳,以‘31346’辣椒砧木生長性狀最差。不同溫度處理下,彩椒‘Valentia’及‘Veltor’於25℃處理下以‘31346’砧成活率為100%最佳,彩椒‘Valentia’於30℃處理下以‘艷茹’辣椒砧木成活率為33%最差。彩椒‘Veltor’於30℃處理下以‘百香’砧為50%最差。植物性狀方面如葉面積、地上部鮮重,彩椒‘Valentia’及於25℃及30℃處理下以‘百香’砧佳。辣椒砧木之嫁接組合於秋作田間栽培,彩椒‘Valentia’以‘5B11-3’辣椒砧木嫁接成活率為75%,其他為83%~100%。彩椒‘Veltor’以‘31346’、 ‘M210101’ 、‘5B11-3’辣椒砧木嫁接成活率為88%~89%,其他為100%。彩椒‘Dobby’以‘31346’辣椒砧木為69%,其他為86%~100%。嫁接單株初期產量及總產量方面,‘Valentia’以‘百香’、‘艷茹’辣椒砧木最佳,‘Veltor’以‘百里香’辣椒砧木最佳,‘Dobby’以‘生生四號’、‘M210101’辣椒砧木最佳。淹水處理後七天彩椒‘Valentia’嫁接‘生生四號’砧木植株成活率為94﹪,淹水下未嫁接成活率為77%。淹水下彩椒‘Veltor’嫁接‘生生四號’砧木成活率為56﹪,淹水下未嫁接成活率為33%。彩椒‘Valentia’及‘Veltor’嫁接以‘生生四號’辣椒砧木,彩椒‘Valentia’以‘百香’及‘艷茹’辣椒砧木可以促進彩色甜椒植株生長、提早始花期、增加產量及耐淹水。
Sweet pepper ‘Valentia', ‘Veltor', ‘Dobby' were taken as experimental materials in this study to conduct research on methods for red pepper grafting and growth of grafted plants. The 77.1% survival rate for 8-leaf rootstock seedlings combination was the lowest, other combinations ranged from 83% to 100%, and all of them were not significantly different. Top-top (locate the union above the cotyledons of both the rootstock and scion) tube grafting had 100% survival rate, in terms of plant growth, it offered the most outstanding leaf area and above-ground fresh weight. Survival rate and plant growth for cleft grafting were less than those for tube grafting. A total of 6 true leaves/4 true leaves, 4 true leaves/4 true leaves combination rendered a 100% best survival rate, while 8 true leaves/8 true leaves, 8 true leaves/4 true leaves combination offered the best leaf area and above-ground fresh weight, but with a lower survival rate. Cuts located above cotyledons of rootstock and scion while using tube grafting could achieve the healthiest grafted seedling growth among all cut combinations. Bell pepper ‘Veltor' survived best with big seedling/72-plug seedling, and 128 /72-plug combination, while early flowering might occur on ‘Bai-Hsiang' rootstock with big seedling/72-plug seedling, and ‘Yan-Ju' rootstock with 72/35-plug combination. As for carbon dioxide healing treatment, ‘Valentia', ‘Dobby' grafted onto ‘Sheng-Sheng 4', ‘Bai-Hsiang' bell pepper rootstocks displayed the greatest growth characteristics, and ‘31346' bell pepper displayed the worst ones. When treated under different temperatures, ‘31346' rootstock for bell pepper ‘Valentia' and ‘Veltor' treated under 25℃ showed a 100% best survival rate. On the other hand, ‘Yan-Ju' rootstock for sweet pepper ‘Valentia' treated under 30℃ revealed a 33% worst survival rate, and also ‘Bai-Hsiang 'rootstock for bell pepper ‘Veltor' treated under 30℃ revealed a 50% worst survival rate. In terms of growth characteristics and above-ground fresh weight, ‘Bai-Hsiang' rootstock for sweet pepper ‘Valentia' treated under 25℃ and 30℃ showed the best performance. As to hot pepper rootstock grafting combinations in field cultivation of autumn crop, sweet pepper ‘Valentia' with ‘5B11-3' rootstock grafting amounted to a only 75% survival rate, while all the others reached the range from 83% to 100%. sweet pepper ‘Veltor' with ‘31346', M210101' and ‘5B11-3' rootstock grafting were in the range of survival rate of 88%~89%, while all the others attained 100%. Survival rate for sweet pepper ‘Dobby' with ‘31346' rootstock grafting was just 75%, all others, however, reached the range from 86% to 100%. As to initial yield and total yield for individual graft, ‘Valentia' grafted with ‘Bai-Hsiang' and ‘Yan-Ju' rootstocks performed best, while ‘Veltor' grafted with ‘31346', ‘M210101' and ‘5B11-3' rootstocks made the best performance, and ‘Dobby' grafted with ‘Sheng-Sheng 4', ‘M210101' rootstocks was the most suitable. Sweet pepper ‘Valentia' grafted with ‘Sheng-Sheng 4' rootstock displayed a 94% survival rate 7 days after flooding treatment, and sweet pepper ‘Veltor' grafted with ‘Sheng-Sheng 4' rootstock displayed a 56% survival rate under flooding, while that without grafting under flooding conditions attained a mere 33% survival rate. It can be inferred that sweet pepper ‘Valentia' and ‘Veltor' grafted with ‘Sheng-Sheng 4' red pepper rootstock, and sweet pepper ‘Valentia' grafted with ‘Bai-Hsiang' and ‘Yan-Ju' rootstocks may cause better growth to color pepper plants, and lead to early flowering, as well as better crop yield with good resistance to flooding.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28846
其他識別: U0005-1805200714350700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1808200717595000
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