Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28869
標題: 園藝活動之心流體驗與效益之相關性研究
A Study on the Relationship between Flow Experience and Benefits when Participating Horticultural Activities.
作者: 賴筱嵐
Lai, Hsiao-lan
關鍵字: Leisure
休閒
Recreation
Horticultural Activities
Benefits of Horticultural Activities
Flow Experience
遊憩
園藝活動
園藝活動效益
心流體驗
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 在1975 年Csikszentmihalyi 提出一種透過活動的投入,達到一種渾然 忘我、全神貫注的心理狀態稱之為“心流體驗”。此體驗被認定是一種最 佳且最優質的經驗,並為生活帶來幸福愉悅的感受。許多研究文獻指出, 人們可以藉由從事園藝活動可以獲得生理、心理、社會及教育等方面的效 益。因此,本研究將以休閒遊憩活動的角度來探討園藝活動所帶來的效 益,以及產生心流體驗時所具有之狀態特徵。試圖藉由心流體驗的導入來 提升人們在從事園藝活動時所獲得之活動效益,進以創造更幸福愉悅的生 活。研究中以台中惠文花市及大里國光花市之消費族群為調查對象,一共 獲得452 份有效問卷。將所收集之數據經過簇群分析後,再由單因子變異 數分析、二因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關以及多元迴歸分析進行假設 驗證,獲得以下重要結果: 一、 在三種不同類型之園藝活動中,所產生之心流體驗狀態並無明 顯的差異。 二、 在三種不同類型之園藝活動中,受測者產生不同程度之心流體 驗對園藝活動效益影響沒有明顯的不同;但發現當受測者的心 流體驗感受越強烈,其所感受之活動效益也越高。 三、 在心流體驗中各狀態特徵對園藝活動效益皆有顯著正相關。並 且進一步發現可以藉由控制活動中「技巧與挑戰平衡」、「明確 目標」、「自我意識喪失」、「時間感的扭曲」以及「自成性經驗」 等狀態達到有效提升受測者對個別園藝活動效益的感受。 綜合上述可知,心流體驗狀態感受的強弱對園藝活動效益有明顯的影響,及 園藝活動類型不會影響心流體驗狀態感受及活動效益。因此,可藉由控制活動中 心流體驗狀態來達到提升活動效益之目的,進而為園藝治療提供一指引方針。
Csikszentmihalyi proposed “Flow Experience” in 1975, which was through involving in activities to achieve a devoted and concentrated state of mind. This kind of experience was considered the optimum experience, and could bring the feeling of happiness into life. In addition, literature showed that people could gain physical, psychological, social and educational benefits from participating horticultural activities. Hence, this research used the basis of leisure and recreation to discuss the benefits gained from horticultural activities and all characteristics shown in flow experience. The study attempted to promote the benefits of horticultural activities through flow experience, in order to help create a happier well-being in life. This study gathered 452 valid samples from customers of Hui-Wen flower market in Taichung and Kuo-Kwang flower market in Dali. After performing cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA, two-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis, the conclusions were generated. First, we found there was no significantly difference in the characteristics of flow experience produced from three different types of horticultural activities. In addition, the result showed the different levels of flow experience from the three different types of horticultural activities didn't significantly influence the benefits of horticultural activities, but it also showed when respondents felt stronger flow experience, the benefits of horticultural activities they felt were stronger. Finally, the conclusion presented there was a significant correlation between the characteristics of flow experience and benefits of horticultural activities. Furthermore, the study showed by controlling “challenge-skill balance”, “clear goals”, “loss of self-consciousness”, ”transformation of time”, and “autotelic experience” in activities, it could effectively promote the benefits of horticultural activities respondents felt. Concluded from above, the feeling of flow experience had significant influenced on the benefit of horticultural activities, and the type of horticultural activities would not influence the feeling of flow experience and activity benefit. Therefore, one could promote activity benefit by controlling the condition of flow experience in an activity, in order to provide a guideline for horticultural therapy.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28869
其他識別: U0005-2208200716180500
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2208200716335800
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