Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28875
標題: 鈣、磷肥及氮源比例對火鶴花生長及切花品質之影響
Effect of supplying various concentrations of calcium and phosphorous fertilizers and various ratios of nitrogen fertilizer form on flower growth and quality of Anthurium andraeanum 'Tropical'.
作者: 陳進順
Chen, Jin-Shun
關鍵字: Anthurium
火鶴花
Calcium fertilize
Phosphorous fertilize
Nitrogen ratio
Growth
鈣肥
磷肥
不同氮源比例
生長
出版社: 園藝學系所
引用: 王銀波. 1989. 培養液的化學性及其管理. 養液栽培技術講習會專刊第二輯:60-68. 王銀波、吳正宗. 1992. 水耕養液中的氮素問題. 養液栽培技術講習會專刊第四輯:15-27. 何陽修、廖玉珠、陳駿季. 2003. 火鶴花種原及種苗繁殖技術. 火鶴花專刊:73-93. 吳正宗、王銀波. 1995. 一些影響小白菜硝酸態氮含量的環境因子.中國農業化學會誌.33:125-133. 沈再發、許淼淼. 1989. 作物營養特性及影響養液組成之因素. 養液栽培技術講習會專刊第二輯:44-59. 林瑞松. 2003. 火鶴花栽培管理. 火鶴花專刊:61-70. 林淑妃. 1998. 利用栽培管理與貯藏方式降低葉菜類硝酸離子含量試驗. 國立台灣大學園藝所碩士論文. 柯勇. 2002.植物的礦物營養.植物生理學:105-144. 張盛添、高德錚、梁純玲、王夏玲、張惠真. 1989.溫度、光照、氮肥、收穫後貯藏及烹調方式對設施蔬菜品質之影響.第二屆設施園藝研討會專集:226-240. 莊作權、譚鎮中.1989.植物營養學.國立編譯館主編.p.292-293. 莊耿彰、陳福旗.2005.火鶴花.台灣農家要覽.豐年社.農作篇(二):675-684. 陳子文. 1996. 火鶴花切花採收後生理與寒害之研究. 國立中興大學園藝系碩士論文. 陳建中. 2002. 多種肥培管理措施對小白菜硝酸態氮含量之影響. 國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文. 農業統計年報. 2006. 行政院農業委員會編印. Ali A.A., M. Ikeda, Y. Yamada. 1991. Effects of supply of K, Ca, and Mg on the absorption and assimilation of ammonium- and nitrate-nitrogen in tomato plants. Soil Science Plant Nutrient. 37: 283-289. Aslam, M., R. L. Travis, and D. W. Rains. 2001. Different effect of amino acids on nitrate uptake and reduction systems in barley roots. Plant Sci.160:219-228. Bangerth, F. 1976. A role of auxin and auxin transport inhibitors on the Ca content of artificially induced parthenocarpic fruits. Physiol. Plant.37:191-194. Bangerth, F. 1979. Calicium-related physiological disorders of plants. Ann. Rev.Phytopathol.17:97-122. Bieleski, R. L., J. Ripperda, J. P. Newman, and M. S. Reid. 1992. Carbohydrate changes and leaf blackening in cut flower stems of Protea eximia. J. Amer.Soc. Hort. Sci. 117: 124-127. Bik, R. A. 1976. Quality in Anthurium andraeanum and Aechmea fasciate growth in peat substrates as affected by nitrogen and potassium nutrition. Acta Hort. 64:83-91. Boertje, G. A. 1978. Substrates and the nutrition of Anthurium andraeanum. Acta.Hort. 82:159-169. Borochov, A., and W. R. Woodson. 1989. Physiology and biochemistry of flower petal senescence. Hortic. Rev. 11: 15-43. Buchanan, B. B., W. Gruissem, and R. L. Jones. 2000. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants.: 787-789. Chen, B., Z. Wang, S. Li, and G. Wang. 2004. Effect of nitrate supply on plant growth, nitrate accumulation, metabolic nitrate concentration and nitrate reductase activity in three leafy vegetables. Plant Sci. 167:635-643. Coorts, G. D. 1973 Internal metabolic changes in cut flower. HortScience 8:195-198. Crawford, N. M. 1995. Nitrate: nutrient and signal for plant growth. Plant Cell. 7:859-868. Dai, J., and R. E. Paull. 1990. The role of leaf development on Anthurium flower growth. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115:901-905. Dey, P. M. and J. B. Harborne. 1997. Plant biochemistry. Academic Press, Inc. 281-285. Dufour, L., and V. Guerin. 2003. Gowth, developmental features and flower production of Anthurium andreanum Lind. in tropical conditions. Sci.Hort. 98: 25-35. Eason, J. R., B. K. Sinclair, L. A. de Vr’e, S. D. Somerfield, and G. A. King. 1998. Physiology and biochemistry of sucrose-fed Sandersonia aurantiaca flowers. Acta Hort. 464: 141-145. Ferguson, I. B. and B. K. Drobak. 1988. Calcium and the regulation of plant growth and senescence. HortScience 23: 262-266. Figueira, E. M. A. and G. C. N. Caldeira. 2005. Effect of nitrogen nutrition on salt tolerance of Pisum sativum during vegetable growth. J. Plant Nutri. Soil Sci. 168:359-363. Gasim, A. A. and R. G. Hurd. 1986. The root activity of fruiting tomato plant. Acta Hort. 190: 267-279. Halevy, A. H., and S. Mayak. 1981. Senescence and postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Part II. Hort. Rev. 3: 59-143. Hanger, B. C. 1979. The movement of calcium in plants. Commum. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 10: 171-193. Heeb, A., B. Lundegardh, T. Ericsson, and G. P. Savage. 2005. Effect of nitrate-, ammonium-, and organic-nitrogen-based fertilizers on growth and yield of tomatoes. J. Plant Nutri. Soil Sci. 168: 123-129. Hernandez, L. E., A. M. Ramon, R. O. Carpena-Ruiz, and A. Garate. 1995. Evaluation of nitrate nutrition indexes in maize leaves: Metabolic nitrate, total nitrate content and nitrate reductase activity. J. Plant Nutri. 18: 869-887. Higaki, T., D. P. Watson, K. W. Leonhardt. 1981 Anthurium culture in Hawaii. Uni. of Hawaii, Coop. Ext. Serv. Circ. 420:1-20. Higaki, T., H. P. Rasmussen, and W. J. Carpenter. 1980. Calcium deficiency of Anthurium andreanum Lind. Spathes. Higaki, T., H. P. Rasmussen, and W. J. Carpenter. 1984. A study of some morphological and anatomical aspects of Anthurium andraeanum Lind. Univ. of Hawaii. CTAHR. 30. Higaki, T., J. S. Imamura, and R. E. Paull. 1992. N, P and K rates and leaf tissue standards for optimum Anthurium andraeanum flower production. HortScience 27:909-912. Hill, R. and F. Bendall. 1960. Function of the two cytochrome components in chloroplasts: A working hypothesis. Nature 186: 136-137. Ichimura, K., K. Kojima, and R. Goto. 1999. Effect of temperature,8-hydroxyquinoline sulphate and sucrose on the vase life of cut rose flowers. Postharvest Boil. Technol. 15: 33-40. Iwaya-Inoue, M., and M. Takata. 2001. Trehalose plus chloramphenicol prolong the vase life of tulip flowers. HortScience. 36: 946-950. Jacob J., D. W. Lawlor. 1991. Stomatal and mesophyll limitations of photosyn thesis in phosphate deficient sunflower , maize and wheat plants. Journal of Experimental Botany. 42: 1003- 1011. Juan M. Ruiz, Rosa M. Rivero, Pablo C. Garcia, Mourad Baghour, Luis Romero. 1999. Role of CaCl2 in nitrate assimilation in leaves and roots of tobacco plants(Nicotiana tabacum L.). Plant Science. 141:107-115. Kafkafi U., M.Y. Siddiqi, R.J. Ritchie, A.D.M. Glass. T.J. Ruth. 1992. Kamemoto, H., and A. R. Kuehnle. 1996. Breeding anthuriums in Hawaii. University of Hawaii.: 78-87. Karaivazonglou, N. A., D. K. Papakosta, and S. Divanidis. 2005. Effect of chloride in irrigation water and from of nitrogen fertilizer of Virginia (flue-cured) tobcco. Field Crop Res. 92: 61-74. Kirkby, E. A. and D. J. Pilbleam. 1984. Calcium as a plant nutrient. Plant Cell Environ.7: 397-405. Koch K. and K. Mengel. 1977. Effect of K on N utilization by spring wheat during grain protein formation. Agron. J. 69:477-480. Lauchli, A. and R. L. Bieleski. 1983. Calcium nutrient of higher plants. Inorganic Plant Nutrient. Encyclopedia of plant physiology. New series.15: 22-29. Maeschner, H. 1986. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic Press, New York. Marissen, N., and L. L. Brijn. 1995. Source-sink relations in cut roses during vase life. Acta Hort. 405: 81-88. Matrinez, V. and A. Cerda. 1989. Nitrate reductase activity in tomato and cucumber leaves as influenced by NaCl and N source. J. Plant Nutri. 12: 1335-1350. Mccall, D. and J. Willumsen. 1998. Effects of nitrate, ammonium and chloride application on the yield and nitrate content of soil-grown lettuce. J. Horti. Sci. Bio. 73 : 698-703. Mengel, K. and D. J. Pilbean. 1992. Proceedings of the phytochemical society of Europe 33: Nitrogen Metabolism of Plants. Oxford Scirnce Publications.New York.: 329-334. Morvant, J. K., J. M. Dole, and E. Allen. 1997. Irrigation systems alter distribution of roots, soluble salts, nitrogen, and pH in the root medium. HortTechnology.(2):56-160. Paull, R. E. 1982. Anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum Andr’e) vase life evaluation criteria. HortScience 17: 606-607. Paull, R. E., and T. Goo.1982. Pulse treatment with silver nitrate extends vase life of Anthurium. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 107: 842-844. Paull, R. E., and T. T. C. Goo. 1985. Ethylene and water stress in senescence of cut Anthurium flowers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 110: 84-88. Paull, R. E., N. J. Chen, and J. Deputy. 1985. Physiological changes associated with senescence of cut Anthurium flowers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 110: 156-162. Poovaiah, B. W. 1988. Molecular and cellular aspects of calcium action in plants. HortScience 23: 267-271. Pritchard, M. K., C. S. Hew, and H. Wang. 1991. Low temperature storage effects on sugar content, respiration and quality of Anthurium flowers. J. Hort. Sci. 66: 209-214. Rattanawisalanon, C., S. Ketsa, and W. G. van Doorn. 2003. Effect aminooxyacetic acid and sugars on the vase life of Dandrobium flowers.Postharvest Biol. Technol. 29: 93-100. Reduction of nitrate (NO3-) influx and nitrogen (N) translocation by tomato and melon varieties after short exposure to calcium and potassium chloride salts. Jounral of Plant Nutrient. 15: 959-975. Rodriguez D., F. H. Andrade., J. Goudriaan. Effects of phosphorus nutrition on tiller emergence in wheat. Plant and Soil. 209:283-295. Ruiz, J. M., R. M. Rivero, P. C. Garcia, M. Baghour, and L. Romero. 1999. Role of CaCl2 in nitrate assimilation in leaves and roots of tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Plant Sci. 141:107-115. Sankat, C. K., and S. Mujaffar. 1994. Water balance in cut Anthurium flower in storage and its effect on quality. Acta Hort. 368: 723-732. Schroeder, K. R., and D. P. Stimart. 2001. Genetic analysis of cut flower longevity in Antirrhinum majus. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126: 200-204. Shear, C. B. 1975 Calcium-related disorders of fruits and vegetables. HortScience 10(4):361-365 Shoji T. 1991. Import of calcium by tomato fruit in relation to the day-night periodicity. Sci. Hort. 45: 235-243. Siddiqi, M. Y., B. Malhotra, X. Min, and A. D.M. Glass. 2002. Effect of ammonium and inorganic carbon enrichment on growth and yield of a hydroponic tomato crop. J. Plant Nutri. Soil Sci. 165: 191-197. Steingrover, E., P. Ratering., and J. Siesling. 1986. Daily changes in uptake, reduction and storage of nitrate in spinach grown at low light intensity. Physiol. Plant. 66:550-556. Stratton, M. L., G. L. Good, and A. V. Barker. 2001. The effects of nitrogen source and concentration on the growth and mineral composition of privet. J. Plant Nutri. 24(11):1745-1772. Swiader J. M. 1986. Characterization of ammonium and nitrate absorption in Pumpkin. J. Plant Nutr. 9:103-113. Taiz L. and E. Zeiger. 2002. Plant Physiology. The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc.: 302-307. Ullrich, W. R. 1992. Transport of nitrate and ammonium through plant membranes. In: Nitrogen Metabolism of Plants. Oxford university press. Oxford. p.121-137. Wallace A. and R. T. Mueller. 1980. Calcium uptake and distribution in plant. J. Plant Nutr. 2: 247-256. Wiersum, L. K. 1979. Effects of environment and cultural practices on calciumnutrition. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 10: 259-278. Wilcox, G. E., J. R. Magalhaes, and F. L. I. M. Silva. 1985. Ammonium and nitrate concentration as factors in tomato growth and nutrient uptake. J. Plant Nutri. 8: 989-998. Zhang Y.L. , Y. M. Li., K. Xiao., X. J. Li. 2004. Effects of N and P rates on photosynthetic characteristics of flag leaves in hybrid wheat. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science. 10: 231-236.
摘要: 本試驗主要的目的是在於觀察供給‘Tropical’火鶴花不同鈣肥濃度、不同磷肥濃度和不同氮源比例氮肥對Anthurium andraeanum ‘Tropical’的生長和切花採後品質。在不同鈣肥濃度供給的實驗中,90ppm的鈣肥供給有最好的葉面積生長速率和最高的切花全可溶性醣含量。在不同氮源比例氮肥供給實驗中,NH4+:NO3-為1:6有最好的葉面積生長速率;而切花全可溶性醣含量上,NH4+:NO3-為1:4的處理組是最多的。儘管鈣肥濃度90ppm和氮源比例NH4+:NO3-為1:6氮肥的處理有最高的葉面積生長速率,這兩個處理的切花生長速率在個別的處理中都是較低的。在不同磷肥試驗中,31ppm的磷肥供給有最好的根部活性;缺磷會使Anthurium andraeanum‘Tropical’根部磷含量,根部活力和切花鮮重下降。 在三個試驗中,無論是鈣肥濃度,磷肥濃度或不同氮源比例氮肥均不能有效的提昇火鶴花切花耳部鈣含量。
This study aims to observe the effect on supplying different concentrations of calcium and phosphorous fertilizers and nitrogen ratio fertilizers on flower growth and postharvest quality of Anthurium andraeanum `Tropical’. The results of this study suggest that supplying 90ppm calcium fertilize has the best growth rate of leaf area and the most total soluble sugar(TSS) content of cut flower. On the nitrogen experiment, supplying NH4+:NO3-=1:6 nitrogen fertilizer has the best growth rate of leaf area; supplying NH4+:NO3-=1:4 nitrogen fertilizer has the most TSS content. Although supplying 90ppm calcium fertilizer and NH4+/NO3-=1/6 nitrogen fertilizer have the best growth rate of leaf area, both of them have poor growth rate of flower. According to these results, higher growth rate of leaf area causes lower growth rate of flower. On the phosphorus experiment,phosphorus deficiency causes the decrease of phosphorus content of root, root activity, and fresh weight of flower。Among these three experiments, each of them cannot promote the calcium content in lobe and the vase life.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28875
其他識別: U0005-2208200716335800
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2301200811065100
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.