Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28907
標題: 套袋對‘Ruby’葡萄柚果實品質與耐寒性之影響
Effects of Bagging on Fruit Quality and Chilling Tolerance of Grapefruit (Citrus paradise Macf. 'Ruby')
作者: 黃譓文
huang, hui-wen
關鍵字: grapefruit
耐寒性
chilling tolerance
bagging
pal
proline
套袋
苯丙胺酸裂解酶脯胺酸
出版社: 園藝學系所
引用: 林樸。1982。臺灣葡萄柚事業發展之研究。中國園藝 28: 93-108。 許世絃、黃阿賢、黃光亮。2004。不同套袋處理對‘Ruby’葡萄柚果實顏色與主要 果皮色素組成之影響。中國園藝 50: 393-404。 官青杉。 2004。降低冬果鳳梨酸度之研究。國立嘉義大學農學研究所碩士 論文。台灣:嘉義。pp.68-76。 許世絃。2004。不同套袋處理對‘Ruby’葡萄柚果實顏色、主要果皮色素組成與果 實品質之影響。 國立嘉義大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。台灣:嘉義。pp.39。 黃阿賢。1993。套袋對文旦果實生長、品質與袋內溫度的影響。中國園藝 39: 198-208。 賴幸宜。2004。田間套袋及貯藏對葡萄柚顏色和品質之影響。 國立嘉義大學農學 研究所碩士論文。 臺灣:嘉義。pp.31-32。 柯立祥、翁敏雄、柯定芳、王世昌。1981。香蕉PE 套袋藍色深淺對果實日燒、 色澤及後熟之影響。中國園藝27: 177-185。 黃娉珠、林學正、黃肇家。1988。省產檸檬人工大氣貯藏之研究。柑橘試驗研究 成果專題研討會專集。pp.222-232。 劉富文、潘靜慧、薛淑滿、洪紫馨。1998。採收成熟度及貯藏溫度對椪柑貯藏壽 命之影 響。 中國園藝44: 239-252。 邱祝櫻。1997。疏果及套袋對印度棗產量及品質之影響。高雄區農業改良場研究 彙報 9: 34-43。 張林仁、張致盛。2005。不織布資材應用於水果套袋之研究。 臺中區農業改良場 研究彙報 89: 11-17。 Agustiá, M., V. Almela, M. Juan, F. Alférez, F. R. Tadeo, and L. Zacariás. 2001. Histological and physiological characterization of rind breakdown of `Navelate'' sweet orange. Ann. Bot. 88: 415-422. Alférez, F. and J. K. Burns.2004.Postharvest peel pitting at non-chilling temperatures in grapefruit is promoted by changes from low to high relative humidity during storage. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 32: 79-87. Alférez, F., J. M. Sala, M. T. Sanchez-Ballesta, M. Mulas, M. Lafuente, and L. Zacarias. 2005. A comparative study of the postharvest performance of an ABA-deficient utant of oranges I. Physiological and quality aspects. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 37: 222- 231. Alférez, F., M. Agusti, and L. Zacarías. 2003. Postharvest rind staining in navel oranges is aggravated by changes in storage relative humidity: effect on respiration, ethylene production and water potential. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 28: 143-152. Amarante, C., N. H. Banks, and S. Max. 2002. Preharvest bagging improves packout and fruit quality of pears (Pyurs communis). New Zealand J. Crop Hort. Sci. 30: 93- 98. Arakawa, O. 1988. Characteristics of color development in some apple cultivars: changes in anthocyanin synthesis during maturation as affected by bagging and light quality. J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 57: 373-380. Arakawa, O. 1991. Effect of temperature on anthocyanin accumulation in apple fruit as affected by cultivar, stage of fruit ripening and bagging. J. Hort. Sci. 66: 763-768. Arakawa, O., Y. Hori, and R. Ogata. 1985. Relative effectiveness and interaction of ultraviolet-B, red and blue light in anthocyanin synthesis of apple fruit. Physiol. Plant. 64: 323-327. Awad, M. A. 2007. Increasing the rate of ripening of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cv. ‘Helali’ by preharvest and postharvest treatments. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 43: 121-127. Biolatto, A., D. E. Vazquez, A. M. Sancho, F. J. Carduza, and N. A. Pensel. 2005. Effect of commercial conditioning and cold quarantine storage treatments on fruit quality of ‘Rouge La Toma’ grapefruit (Citrus paradise Macf.). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 35: 167-176. Buganic Jr, R., D. M. C. C. Lizada, and M.B. Ramos. 1996. Disease control in Philippine ‘Carabao’ mango with preharvest bagging and postharvest hot water treatment. Acta Hort. 455: 797-804. Cheng, G. W. and P. J. Breen. 1991. Activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and concentrations of anthocyanins and phenolics in developing strawberry fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 116: 865-869. Cline, J. A. and E. J. Hanson. 1992. Relative humidity around apple fruit influences its accumulation of calcium. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 117: 542-546. Cortell, J. M. and J. A. Kennedy. 2006. Effect of shading on accumulation of flavonoid compounds in (Vitis vinifera L.) ‘Pinot Noir’fruit and extraction in a model system. J. Agric. Food. Chem. 54: 8510-8520. Davies, F. S. and L. G. Albrigo. 1994. Citrus. CAB International. Oxon, UK. pp.3-40. Dixon, R. A. and Paiva, N. L. 1995 Stress-induced phenylpropanoid metabolism. Plant Cell 7: 1085–1097. Eaks, I. L. and L. L. Morris. 1956. Respiratioon of cucumber fruits associated with physiological injury at chilling temperatures. Plant Physiol. 33: 308-314. Eaks, L. I. 1960. Physiological studies of chilling injury in citrus fruits. Plant Physiol. 35: 632.636. Fallahi, E., W. M. Colt, C. R. Baird, B. Fallahi, and I. J. Chun. 2001. Influence of nitrogen and bagging on fruit quality and mineral concentrations of ‘BC-2 Fuji’ apple. HortTechnology 11: 462-466. Fan, X. and J. P. Mattheis. 1998. Bagging ‘Fuji’ apple during fruit development affects color development and storage quality. HortScience 33: 1235-1238. Glenn, D. M., E. Prado, A. Erez, J. McFerson, and G. J. Puterka. 2002. A reflective, processed-kaolin particle film affects fruit temperature, radiation reflection, and solar injury in apple. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127: 188-193. Gonzalez-Aguilar, G. A., L. Zacarias, M. Mulas, and M. T. Lafuente. 1997. Temperature and duration of water dips influence chilling injury, decay and polyamine content in ‘Fortune’ mandarins. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 12: 61-69. Hatton, T. T. 1990. Reduction of chilling injury with temperature manipulation. pp.269-280. In : Wang, C. Y. (ed) Chilling injury of horticultural crops. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Hatton, T. T. and R. H. Cubbedge. 1982. Conditioning Florida grapefruit to reduce chilling injury during low-temperature storage. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 107: 57-60. Hofman, P. J., L. G. Smith, D. C. Joyce, G. I. Johnson, and G. F. Meiburg. 1997. Bagging of mango (Mangifera indica cv. ‘Keitt’) fruit influences fruit quality and mineral composition. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 12: 83-91. Hyde, J., G. Jurch, E. Baldwin, and E. Echeverria. 1999. Low temperature of acid invertase activity in flavedo tissue of late season grapefruit (Citurs paradise). Scientia Hort. 80: 49-56. Ikoma, Y., A. Komatsu, M. Kita, K. Ogawa, M. Omura, M. Yano, and T. Moriguchi. 2001. Expression of a phytoene synthase gene and characteristic carotenoid accumulation during citrus fruit development. Physiol. Plant. 111: 232-238. Jia, H. J., A. Araki, and G. Okamoto. 2005. Influence of fruit bagging on aroma volatiles and skin coloration of ‘Hakuho’ peach (Prunus persica Batsch). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 35: 61-68. Ju, Z. 1998. Fruit bagging , a useful method for studying anthocyanin synthesis and gene expression in apples. Scienta Hort. 77: 155-164. Jullien, A., N. G. Munier-Jolain, E. Malézieux, M. Chillet, and B. Ney. 2001. Effect of pulp cell number and assimilate availability on dry matter accumulation rate in a banana fruit [Musa sp. AAA group ‘Grande Naine’ (Cavendish subgroup)]. Annals of Botany 88: 321-330. Katagiri, T., Y. Satoh, T. Fukuda, and I. Kataoka. 2003. Improving marketability of ‘Fuyu’ persimmon fruit by bagging culture. Acta Hort. 601: 213-217. Kluge, R. A., M. L. L. Jomori, A. P. Jacomino, M. C. Vitti, and D. C. C. Vitt. 2003. Intermittent warming of ‘Tahiti’ lime to prevent chilling injury during cold storage. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 60: 729-734. Lafuente, M. T.and J. M. Sala. 2002. Abscisic acid levels and the influence of ethylene, humidity and storage temperature on the incidence of postharvest rindstaning of ‘Navelina’ orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) fruit. Postharvest Biol.Technol. 25: 49-57. Lafuente, M. T., L. Zacarias, M. A. Martínez-Téllez, M. T. Sanchez-Ballesta, and E. Dupille. 2001. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase as related to ethylene in the development of chilling symptoms during cold Storage of citrus Fruits. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49: 6020-6025. Lafuente, M. T., L. Zacarias, M. A. Martínez-Téllez, M. T. Sanchez-Ballestaand, and A. Granell. 2003. Phenylanine ammonia-lyase and ethylene in relation to chilling injury as affected by fruit age in citrus. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 29: 308-317. Michael, L. Y., S. Ball, S. K. Forbes, and A. B. Woolf. 1997. Hot-water treatment for insect disinfestations and reduction of chilling injury of ‘Fuyu’ persimmon. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 10: 81-87. Li, S. H., M. Génard, C. Bussi, J. G. Huguet, R. Habib, J. Besset, and R. Laurent. 2001. Fruit quality and leaf photosynthesis in response to microenvironment modification around individual fruit by covering the fruit with plastic in nectarine and peach trees. J. Hort. Sci. Biotech. 76: 61-69. Lineberger, R. D. and P. L. Steponkus. 1980. Cryoprotection by glucose, sucrose, and raffinose to chloroplast thylakoids. Plant Physiol. 65: 298-304. Lurie, S. and A. Sabehat. 1997. Prestorage temperature manipulations to reduce chilling in tomatoes. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 11: 57-62. Lurie, S., A. Handros, and R. Shapira. 1996. Reversible inhibition of tomato fruit gene expression at high temperature: effects on tomato fruit ripening. Plant Physiol. 110: 1207-1214. Lyons, J. M. and J. K. Raison. 1970. Oxidative activity of mitochondria isolated from plant tissues sensitive and resistant to chilling injury. Plant Physiol. 45: 386-389. Maia, M. I., M. C. Medeira, M. J. Pinto, and A. M. Duarte. 2004. Pre-harvest rindstain of ‘Encore’ mandarin: initial histological signs of epicarp disturbance and extent of the disorder. Scientia Hort. 99: 143-152. Martínez-Téllez, M. A. and M. T. Lafuente.1993. Chilling-induced changes in phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, peroxidase, and polyphenol oxidase activities in citrus flavedo tissue. Acta Hort. 343: 257-263. McCollum T. G. and R. E. McDonald. 1991. Electrolyte leakage, respiration, and ethylene production as indices of chilling injury in grapefruit. HortScience 26: 1191-1192. McDonald, R. E. and M. M. Kushad. 1986. Accumulation of putrescine during chilling injury of fruits. Plant Physiol. 83: 324-326. McDonald, R. E., H. E. Nordby, and T. G. McCollum. 1993. Epicuticular wax morphology and composition are related to grapefruit chilling injury. HortScience 28: 311-312. Medeira, M. C., M. I. Maia, and R. F. Vitor.1999. The first stages of pre-harvest `Peel Pitting'' development in an histological and ultrastructural study. Ann. Bot. 83: 667- 673. Meir, S., M. Akerman, Y. Fuchs, and G. Zauberman. 1995. Further studies on the controlled atmosphere storage of avocado. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 5: 323-330. Moynihan, M. R., A. Ordentlich, and I. Raskin. 1995. Chilling-induced heat evolution in plants. Plant physiol. 108: 995-999. Mullins E. D. T. G. McCollum and R.E. McDonald. 1999. Ethylene: A regulator of stress-induced ACCsynthase activity in nonclimacteric fruit. Physiol. Plant. 107: 1-7. Murata, T. 1969. Physiological and biochemical studies of chilling injury in banana. Physiol. Plant. 411: 401-411. Nordby, H. E., A. C. Purvis, and G. Yelenosky. 1987. Lipids in peel of grapefruit and resistance to chilling injury during cold storage. HortScience 22: 915-917. Olson, J. A. 1989. Provitamin-A function of carotenoids:The conversion of β-carotene into vitamin-A. J. Nutr. 119: 105-108. Pesis, E. 2005. The role of the anaerobic metabolites, acetaldehyde and ethanol, in fruit ripening, enhancement of fruit quality and fruit deterioration. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 37: 1-19. Pesis, E., D. Aharoni, Z. Aharon, R. Ben-Arie, N. Aharoni, and Y. Fuchs. 2000. Modified atmosphere and modified humidity packaging alleviates chilling injury symptoms in mango fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 19: 93-101. Porat, R., B. Weiss, L. Cohen, A. Daus, and N. Aharoni. 2004. Reduction of postharvest rind disorders in citrus fruit by modified atmosphere packaging. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 33: 35-43. Porat, R., D. Pavoncello, J. Peretz, S. Ben-Yehoshua, S. Lurie. 2000. Effects of various heat treatments on the induction of cold tolerance and on the postharvest qualities of ‘Star Ruby’ grapefruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 18: 159-165. Purvis, A. C. 1980a. Influence of canopy depth on susceptibility of ‘Marsh’ grapefruit to chilling injury. HortScience 15: 731-733. Purvis, A. C. 1980b. Respiration of grapefruit and orange flavedo tissue in relation to chilling and non-chilling temperatures and respiratory inhibitors. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 105: 209-213. Purvis, A. C. 1981. Free proline in peel of grapefruit and resistance to chilling injury during cold storage. HortScience 16: 160-161. Purvis, A. C. 1982. Sugar and proline accumulation in grapefruit flavedo and leaves during cold hardening of young trees. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 107: 222-226. Purvis, A. C. 1985a. Relationship between chilling injury of grapefruit and moisture loss during storage:amelioration by polyethylene shrink film. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 110: 385-388. Purvis, A. C. 1985b. Susceptibility of ‘Marsh’ grapefruit to chilling injury is not related to endogenous calcium levels in flavedo tissue. HortScience 20: 95-96. Purvis, A. C. and J. D. Rice. 1983. Low temperature induction of invertase activity in grapefruit flavedo tissue. Phytochemistry 22: 831-834. Purvis, A. C. and W. Grierson.1982. Accumulation of reducing sugar and resistance of grapefruit peel to chilling injury as related to winter temperatures. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 107: 139-142. Purvis, A. C., K. Kawada, and W. Grierson. 1979. Relationship between midseason resistance to chilling injury and reducing sugar level in grapefruit peel. HortScience 14: 227-229. Rietze, E. and H. J. Wiebe. 1989. Diurnal rhythm of chilling sensitivity of cucumbers in light. Scientia Hort. 38: 231-237. Sala, J. M. 1998. Involvement of oxidative stress in chilling injury in cold–stored mandarin fruits. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 13: 255-261. Sala, J. M. and M. T. Lafuente. 1999. Catalase in the heat-induce chilling tolerance of cold-stored hybrid ‘Fortune’mandarin fruits. J. Agric. Food Chem. 47: 2410-2414. Sala, J. M. and M. T. Lafuente. 2000. Catalase enzyme activity is related to tolerance of mandarin fruits to chilling. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 20: 81-89. Sala, J. M. and M. T. Lafuente. 2004. Antioxidant enzymes activities and rindstaining in ‘Navelina’ oranges as affected by storage relative humidity and ethylene conditioning. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 31: 277-285. Sala, J. M. M. T. Sanchez-Ballesta, M. Mulas, L. Zacarias, and M. T. Lafuente. 2005. A comparative study of the postharvest performance of an ABA-deficient mutant of oranges II. Antioxidant enzymatic system and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in non- chilling and chilling peel disorders of citrus fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 37: 232- 240. Sanchez-Ballesta, M. T., M. T. Lafuente, L. Zacarias, and A. Granell. 2000. Involvement of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in the response of Fortune mandarin fruits to cold temperature. Physiol. Plant. 108: 382-389. Saunt, J. 1990. Citrus varieties of the world. sinclair international, UK. In: Davies, F. S. and L. G. Albrigo (ed). 1994. Citrus. CAB International. Oxon, UK. pp.38. Schirra, M. and E. Cohen. 1999. Long-term storage of ‘Olinda’ oranges under chilling and intermittent warming temperatures. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 16: 63-69. Schirra, M., G. D’hallewin, P. Cabras, A. Angioni, S. Ben-Yehoshua, and S. Lurie. 2000. Chilling injury and residue uptake in cold-stored ‘Star Ruby’ grapefruit following thiabendazole and imazalil dip treatment at 20 and 50℃. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 20: 91-98. Song, J., W. Deng, M. Beaudry, and P. R. Armstrong. 1997. Changes in chlorophyll fluorescence of apple fruit during maturation, ripening, and senescence. HortScience 32: 806-835. Ting, S. V. and R. L. Rouseff. 1979. Proline content in Florida frozen concentrated orange juice and canned grapefruit juice. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 92:143-145. Ting, S. V. and R. L. Rouseff. 1986. Citrus fruits and their products. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. pp1-6. Vitor, R. F., F. C. Lidon, M. da G. Barreiro, M. I. Maia, M. C. Medeira, and A. Guerreiroc. 2001. Peel pitting of ‘Encore’ mandarin fruit: etiology, control and implicationsin fruit quality. Fruits 56: 27-35. Wang, C. Y. 1982. Physiological and biochemical responses of plants to chilling stress. HortScience 17: 173-186. Wang, H., O. Arakawa, and Y. Motomura. 2000. Influence of maturity and bagging on the relationship between anthocyanin accumulation and phenylalanine ammonia- lyase (PAL) activity in ‘Jonathan’ apples. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 19: 123–128. Wild, B. L. and C. W. Hood. 1989. Hot dip treatments reduce chilling injury in long- term storage of ‘Valencia ’ oranges. HortScience 24: 109-110. Wise, R. and A. W. Naylor. 1987. Chilling-enhanced photooxidation: The peroxidative destruction of lipids during chilling injury to photosynthesis and ultrastructure. Plant Physiol. 83: 272-277. Woolf, A. B., S. Ball, K. J. Spooner, M. Lay-Yee, I. B. Ferguson, C. B. Watkins, A. Gunson, and S. K. Forbes. 1997. Reduction of chilling injury in the sweet persimmon ‘Fuyu’ during storage by dry air heat treatments. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 11: 155- 164. Xu, J., N. Tao, Q. Liu, and X. Deng. 2006. Presence of diverse ratios of lycopene/β- carotene in five pink or red-fleshed citrus cultivars. Scientia Hort. 108: 181-184. Yehoshua, S. B., J. Peretz, R. Moran, B. Lavie, and J. J. Kim. 2001. Reducing the incidence of superficial flavedo necrosis (noxan) of ‘Shamouti’ oranges (Citrus sinensis, Osbeck). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 22: 19-27. Yelenosky, G. 1979. Accumulation of free proline in citrus leaves during cold hardening of young trees in controlled temperature regimes. Plant physiol. 64: 425- 427. Zhou, L. L. and R. E. Paul. 2001. Sucrose metabolism during papaya (Carica papaya) fruit growth and ripening. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126: 351. Zhou H. W., L. Dong, R. Ben-Arie, and S. Lurie. 2001. The role of ethylene in the prevention of chilling injury in nectarines. J. Plant Physiol. 158: 55-61.
摘要: 本試驗目的在調查‘Ruby’葡萄柚在生育期套袋,對果實品質與果實於低溫貯藏下耐寒性之影響,以瞭解套袋處理是否能改善葡萄柚對低溫的敏感性。 2005年試驗結果中,內襯黑色牛皮紙袋套袋處理者,果重顯著高於白色網袋處理者,果實比重於兩年結果均以網袋套袋3個月者較高。而全可溶性固形物則以黑袋處理者顯著高網袋者,同時網袋組之可滴定酸含量亦較高,經貯藏2~3個月後,多以黑袋處理組之糖酸比顯著較高。黑袋處理組之果實果皮a*值及彩度較高,網袋處理者則有較高之hº,套袋材質對果肉顏色無影響。 經1 ℃貯藏1~3個月後,於6天回溫期間,黑袋組及網袋組之果實均會於回溫前後24小時內,出現乙烯釋放率的高峰及呼吸高峰,當腐爛於回溫期間發生,果實便失去回復正常呼吸率之能力。於2005年試驗中,回溫24小時內乙烯釋放率高峰均以網袋組高於黑袋處理組,而結束6天回溫期後則以黑袋組呼吸率高於網袋組。於1 ℃貯藏及回溫後,果實寒害指數於兩處理間都無顯著差異。於2006年試驗結果中,果實寒害癥狀於兩處理間略有不同,於網袋組會發生典型之寒害斑點,且分佈於赤道部周圍,而黑袋組則多於靠近果頂之上半部出現較大面積之褐斑,在2005試驗中,當果實貯藏至3個月,果實於表皮會呈現水浸狀,甚至造成退色之情形。 測定果皮色素層中脯胺酸含量及苯丙胺酸裂解酶活性,於兩年試驗結果多以透光程度高之網袋果較高,當果實於回溫期間發生嚴重之腐爛,脯胺酸含量於兩處理間會下降至出庫時一半以下。 套黑袋處理,會改變葡萄柚的外觀及品質,然而就果實耐寒性之而 言,其影響尚待進一步之探討。
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-harvest bagging on quality and chilling tolerance of ‘Ruby' grapefruit. In 2005, the study of minerals of grapefruits treated with two different bags showed that after three months of pre-harvest bagging, grapefruits in black lining kraft paper bags weighed more than those in white nets, total soluble solid of those bagged in black was significantly higher, as were TSS/TA and a* value. Those fruits in white nets had higher specific gravity and higher acid concentration. And the hue angle of fruits in nets was also higher after 2-3 months storage at 1 ℃. In either case there was no difference in pulp color. Fruits in both bagging conditions were harvested and stored at 1 ℃ for 1-3 months, and re-warmed for 6 days at 25 ℃. Ethylene production and respiration rate peak occurred within 24 hours, and ethylene production of those netted were higher than those bagged. At the end of day 6, black bagged had higher respiration rate than netted. Fruits lost ability of retaining normal respiration rate if decay occurred during re-warming. In 2005 experiment, fruits in either black paper bag or white net showed signs of surface water soaking and discoloration at the end of storage, No difference was found in chilling injury index after the completion of chilling and warming duration. While in 2006, experiments showed that the netted displayed a typical symptom of ‘pitting' scattering around the equator, but the black bagged had large areas of rind stain near the top of fruits. During the two years study, proline content and pheynylamine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity were higher in flavedo of those fruits in PE net bag. Proline content declined to 50 % or lower when decay occurred during re-warming. In conclusion, both quality and appearance of ‘Ruby' grapefruit can be improved by kraft paper bagging. But the effect on the chilling tolerance of the fruit merits further investigation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28907
其他識別: U0005-2808200713290600
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2808200716555800
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.