Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29014
標題: 貿易自由化對貧富差距的影響
The impact of trade liberalization on income inequality
作者: 蔡永輝
Tsai, Yongh-Huei
關鍵字: 貿易自由化
income inequality
所得不均
free trade
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
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摘要: 多數文獻顯示貿易導致貧富不均加劇的原因為技術的進步與政策的不同。因此,貿易與技術對貧富差距的影響是否存在交互影響效果是值得探討,然而文獻上,貿易與技術對貧富差距的交互影響,鮮少學者討論。因此本研究以1990-2009年,68個國家為研究對象,重新探討貿易自由化對貧富差距的影響。研究結果發現貿易與技術對貧富差距的影響確實存在交互影響項。在中階技術發展階段,出口與技術的交互效果會擴大貧富差距;在高階技術發展階段,進口與技術的交互效果則會使貧富差距惡化。 至於其它的效果,進口及技術對貧富差距皆有正向顯著的影響效果,而政府支出項則有負向的顯著性效果。故貿易對貧富差距的影響應視當時國家的技術發展,並且配合其貿易狀況、政策情形才可得知貿易對貧富差距之真正影響方向。
Most literatures show that the impact of trade on income inequality is caused by technology development and policies. Therefore, we suspect that it has interaction effect between trade and technology on income inequality. However, only a few studies discuss such issue. The impact of trade liberalization on income inequality from a sample of 68 countries during 1990 to 2009 will be investigated in this study. The empirical results show that it indeed exists interaction terms between trade and technology on income inequality. In the middle stage of technology development, the interaction effect between export and technology will push income inequality. However, the interaction effect between import and technology on income inequality will be worse in the high stage of technology development. For the other effects on income inequality, import and technology also have positive and significant effects, but expenditure of government has a significantly negative effect. This study show that trade and country technology development should be considered at the same time, when discussing the effect of trade on income inequality.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29014
其他識別: U0005-2707201214505600
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2707201214505600
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