Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29038
標題: 披覆材料對葉用甘藷生理之研究
Studies of cover materials on growth and physiology of leafy sweetpotato
作者: 張簡秀容
關鍵字: Leaf sweetpotato
葉用甘藷
cover materials
spectral
vegetative grwoth
photosynthesis
披覆材料
光譜
營養生長
光合作用
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 本研究旨在探討栽培時期與披覆材料對葉用甘藷(Impoea batatas (L.)Lam.)「桃園2號」植株生理與營養生長之影響。試驗蒐集五種聚乙烯(polyethylene)黑色平織5,四種顏色的聚酯纖維(polyester fiber)不織布,紅、紫、藍及黃色,聚乙烯綠色與白色紗網,透明塑聚乙烯膠布。分析披覆材料下的光譜、光合作用有效光的光子流量(photosynthetic photon flux; PPF)與微氣候環境溫度,探討其對葉用甘藷植株營養生長,葉片葉綠素含量與光合作用,及植株可溶性糖含量之影響。相同試驗重複四次,分別於2004年6月7日、7月8日、8月1日與10月4日扦插,6月21日、7月22日、8月15日及10月18日植株生育調查。試驗採用完全逢機設計,三重複。試驗結果,在7月栽培時期,葉片、葉柄、莖、植株地上部、根與植株的鮮重與乾重,紅色不織布比藍色重,其他3個栽培時期差異不顯著。葉面積、莖高、節間長、葉片數與根長,於紅色不織布均比藍色大,其他栽培時期差異不顯著。植株不同部位的分配率,在6月栽培時期,葉片、葉柄與植株地上部,藍色不織布比紅色大,莖與根則比較小;10藍色不織布莖的分配率反而比紅色大,葉片反而比紅色小。葉片葉綠素a、b、a+b與a/b含量在6月栽培時期,5種顏色不織布之間的差不顯著, 7月以紅色不織布較高,8與10月栽培時期,5種顏色不織布之間的差不顯著,與對照組差異不顯著。葉綠素b 653 nm在6月栽培時期,藍色不織布比其他四種顏色不織布高,其他顏色不織布均較低。Xanthophyll 444.5、467與470 nm在6月栽培時期,5種顏色不織布以藍色較低,四個栽培時期均以對照組較高。葉片光合作用於6、7與8月栽培時期,5種顏色不織布均以紅色較高,且比對照組高。植株葉、莖與根蔗糖、果糖與葡萄糖含量,隨著材料的光合作用光譜、光子流量與微氣候環境,以及栽培時期而變化。葉、莖與根的蔗糖、果糖與葡萄糖總量於6月栽培時期,以紅色不織布較高,藍色不織布的葉與莖含量較低,根含量較高。7月栽培時期,葉片糖含量則與6月呈相反現象,反而在藍光波段較多的環境其含量較高。
The experiment was conducted to determined cover materials on the growth and physiology of “Taoyuan no. 2” leafy sweetpotao (Impoea batatas (L.)Lam.) in a 4-experiments from Jun to Oct in 2004. Cover materials were included polyethylene woven fabric nets of black color, polyester fiber sheets of red, plum, blue and yellow color, polyethylene nets of green and white color, and polyethylene film, uncovering for control. Measurements of spectral properties, photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) and micro-environmental temperature under cover materials were made in the 4-experiments. In growing period July, leaf, petiole, stem, shoot, root and plant fresh and dry weight of plants grown under red sheet were higher than those of plants grown under blue sheet. Leaf area, stem height, internode length, leave number and root length of plants grown under red sheet were also higher than those of plants grown under blue sheet. In growing period June, relative fresh and dry matter accumulation into leaves was increased in plants grown under blue sheets while it was reduced in stems and roots. In growing period June, leafs grown in four color sheets, red, plum, blue and yellow, there was no significant between treatments in chlorophyll a, b, a+b and a/b. However, grown in blue sheets had a higher chlorophyll b 653 nm content than other colorful sheets. In July, grown in red sheet had a higher content than other colorful sheets. In June, grown in blue sheet had a lower Xanthophyll 444.5、467and 470 nm than other colorful sheets. Leaf grown in red sheet had a higher photosynthesis than other colorful sheets in June, July and August. In growing period June, light transmitted through red sheets resulted in increased leaf and stem soluble sugar, such as sucrose, glucose and fructose, blue in increased root sucrose. However, the degree of response varied with growing season. In growing period July, the accumulation of soluble sugar was alternative in plants by June.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29038
其他識別: U0005-2508200816181300
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