Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29070
標題: 暗期中斷處理與磷肥濃度對文心蘭生長與開花之影響
Effect of Night Break Treatment Mix with Phosphorous Supplement on Growth and Flowering of Oncidium
作者: 游婷媛
You, Ting- Yuan
關鍵字: Oncidium
文心蘭
Night Break
Phosphorous Supplement
Flowering
暗期中斷
磷淝施用
生長
開花
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 本試驗使用文心蘭切花品種Oncidium.‘Gower Ramsey’及其兄弟株 Onc.‘Volcano Queen’為試驗材料。探討秋季九月暗期中斷處理及配合不同磷肥濃度的施用,對植株生育及開花品質之影響及產期調節、提高開花品質之效果。 在不同的暗期中斷1、2及3小時處理下,兩品種在植株生長的部分在各處理間皆無顯著的表現,但皆以在暗期中斷處理2小時最快達到70%的抽梗率,尤其以Onc. ‘Volcano Queen’更為顯著。不過對花芽發育的時間、至開花的天數及花莖長度皆無顯著的影響。切花品質方面,Onc.‘Gower Ramsey’的切花各以2小時的處理有最多之小花朵數84.4朵/花莖;且於所有暗期中斷處理組中切花的鮮重皆有25 g 以上,但對照組僅22.1 g 。而Onc. ‘Volcano Queen’的切花則以進行暗期中斷之處理有較長之瓶插壽命,顯示增加在夜間的延長電照,可以提高切花的品質。 Onc.‘Gower Ramsey’的植株以不同磷肥濃度160、240及320 ppm處理,在不同濃度下生長的狀況亦無差異,但在根部的鮮重及根部活性皆以320 ppm 之處理表現較差。而在開花品質方面,以160 ppm 有較佳的花序品質,有較多的分叉數、小花數及切花鮮重 ;240 ppm 次之。此外,不論磷肥濃度的高低,皆較對照組的開花時間提早。因此施用磷肥可以縮短開花的天數及提高切花品質,但亦會隨著濃度的提高造成生長的不利。 於暗期中斷處理後,將抽梗至10 ㎝ 之植株配合磷肥的施用, Onc.‘Gower Ramsey’ 及Onc. ‘Volcano Queen’皆以2小時的暗期中斷處理配磷肥施用的切花品質有較為顯著之效果。且以160及240 ppm的處理有較佳的切花品質,其中又以 160 ppm之有較長之瓶插壽命11天。因此以暗期處理2小時配合160 ppm 的磷肥施用為有較佳之表現。
Oncidium Onc.'Gower Ramsey' and Onc. ‘Volcano Queen'is were th plant material in this research .The studies were cropped for the effects of night break treatment in Autum ,September mix with phosphate supplement on growth and quality .The objectives were the regulation of flowering off-season in next spring, and promotion of inflorescence quality. The different night break 1 , 2 and 3 hr treatments affected on plant growth of the two varieties , were not differ significantly. As for flower stalk emergence rate on the night break 2 hours were the fastest growing to reach 70% of two varieties but has no effect on time of flower bud development, days to flower, lenghth of flowering stalk. The cut flower quality performed better in higher florets number is 84.4 on night break 2 hours and the flower fresh more than control of Onc.'Gower Ramsey', and cut flower quality of Onc.'Volcano Queen', except treatment of night break shorten longer vase life than control. The main effect of increasing night break treatment is to increase cut flower quality . Different level of 160 , 240 and 320 ppm phosphate supplement treatment on plant growth of Onc.'Gower Ramsey' did not effect much, but to root fresh weight and root activity 320 ppm treatment suffered harmful effect . As for flower cut flower quality except treatment of 160 ppm treatment shorten branch number, florets number and fresh weight is 11 , 95.7 and 35.8 g . On cut flower quality phosphate supplement 160 ppm treatment has better effect. And phosphate supplement 160 , 240 and 320 ppm treatment the time to flower days is obviously shorter than control .Therefore, phosphate supplement in cut flower quality and the time to flower days is obviously shorten , but the highter level of phosphate supplement may damage plant growth . The lenghth 10 cm flower stalk after different night break treatment mix with phosphate supplement of Oncidium Onc.'Gower Ramsey' and Onc. ‘Volcano Queen' . The better cut flower quality were investigated treatment of 160 ppm and 240 ppm . Especially treatment of 160 ppm vase life has better effect .The night break 2 hr treatment mix with 240 ppm phosphate supplement on growth and cut flower quality. Showed the better performance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29070
其他識別: U0005-1308200923070700
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