Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29078
標題: 穴盤格式、苗齡、貯運逆境與化學藥劑前處理對非洲鳳仙花生育及老化之影響
Effect of plug cell、seedling age、transport stress and chemical pretreatment on development and senescence of Impatiens
作者: 廖文毅
Liao, Wen-yi
關鍵字: Impatiens
非洲鳳仙花
plug cell
root activity
senescence
穴盤格式
根活性
老化
出版社: 園藝學系所
引用: 朱鈞、李益謙. 1971. 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摘要: 本試驗主要研究非洲鳳仙花Impatiens walleriana ‘Accent Coral’穴盤苗於不同構型穴格內與育苗時間對其生長之影響及穴盤苗經黑暗模擬貯運後逆境造成生理反應與危害因子之探討。並嘗試盆株於貯運前利用化學藥劑處理,以尋求改善貯運逆境對非洲鳳仙花傷害之可行性。 穴盤苗於不同穴格型式與育苗時間,在初期生長第4周及第5周時株高、地上部及地下部鮮、乾重於圓方型穴格有較佳的生長趨勢;但至第7週各穴格間生長表現並無明顯差異。穴盤苗苗壯指數於第4週、第5週無明顯變化,在第6周快速增加並與第7周時相差甚少。根活性隨著生育週數的增加而降低,不同穴格型式處理間根活性無明顯差異。 穴盤苗經黑暗模擬貯運2、4及6天後,隨著黑暗天數的增加,而增高呼吸速率及乙烯生成量。根活性由對照組的2.95 O.D./g FW分別降低至0.78、0.94及0.95 O.D./g FW,根活性於黑暗處理第4天有大幅降低的趨勢。莖頂以下第一節葉片葉綠素a、葉綠素b及總葉綠素含量在第6天時皆有明顯下降,各穴格型式間並無明顯差異;莖頂以下第二節葉片葉綠素含量,於黑暗處理第4天時已開始有下降的趨勢。經黑暗處理,莖頂以下第二節葉片相較於第一節葉片有較低的葉綠素含量。 穴盤苗經黑暗模擬貯運2、4及6天並經復種二週後生長表現,以黑暗4天及6天有較高的株高;但植株鮮重、乾重及根部鮮重、乾重則較對照組輕。經黑暗處理復種後,各處理間葉綠素含量並無明顯差異。 非洲鳳仙花盆花於模擬黑暗貯運前以矮化劑或蒸散抑制劑處理皆不能有效降低乙烯生成量。隨著貯運天數的增加,乙稀生成量隨之增加,而造成葉綠素含量及根部活性降低並引起花蕾嚴重脫落及減少花朵直徑20%。
This experiment mainly researches in the influences of growth of Impatiens walleriana ‘Acce Coral'on the different plug cell and seedling age, and in the probe into the biological response and the hazard factor of the plug seedling, and in the attempt, through simulating dark transport, to find out the feasibility to reduce the damage from the transport stress to Impatiens Walleriana by utilizing the chemical pretreatment prior to the transport. Plug seedling with different plug cell and seedling age, in the early growth of week four and five, the plant height, the weights of fresh and dry of both the shoot and roots growth better in round-square shape, but in week seven, the growth has no obvious difference among each plug cells. The seedling index of plug seedling has no significant change in week four and five, but it increases quickly in week six and has little difference from week seven. The root activity decreases along with the increase of the growth weeks; There is no obvious variation among the different plug cells. Plug seedling, after two, four and six days of simulating dark transport; along with the increase of the dark days, improves the respiration rate and ethylene production. The root activity drops from the control group of 2.95 O.D./g FW to 0.78, 0.94 and 0.95 O.D./g FW respectively. The root activity has a noticeable trend to go down with day four of the dark treatment. The contents of the chlorophyll a, the chlorophyll b and the total chlorophyll of the leaf blade under the first node of the stem drop apparently in day six, and there is no obvious difference among plug cells; the content of the chlorophyll of the leaf blade under the second node of the stem drop apparently in day four of the dark days. Through the dark transport, the leaf blade under the second node of the stem, compared to that of the first node, has lower content of the chlorophyll. The growth of the plug seeding, after the simulation of dark transport treatment for two, four and six days and transplanted for two weeks, has taller plant height with the four and six dark days treatment; however, the weights of fresh plant and dry plant the fresh root and dry root are lighter than the control group. After the dark treatment and transplanted, there is no big variation in the content of the chlorophyll among treatments. Potted Impatiens Walleriana, treated with plant growth retardants or antitranspirant prior to the simulation of dark transport treatment, cannot effectively reduce the ethylene production. While the days of transport increases, the ethylene production also grows; and it results in the decrease of the chlorophyll and root activity, and leads to the serious abscission of flower buds and 20% reduction in diameter of flowers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29078
其他識別: U0005-1708200918393100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1808200910130300
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