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EFFECT OF EGGPLANT ROOTSTOCK ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF GRAFTED TOMATO (Solanum lycopersicum L)
Poudel, Suraj Raj
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The use of grafted tomato for commercial production has been implemented worldwide, where soilborne disease pressure is high. Two major soilborne diseases, bacterial wilt (caused by Ralstonia solanacearum) and fusarium wilt (caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici), were effectively managed using susceptible tomato ‘ASVEG 10' scions grafted onto two resistant rootstocks ‘EG203' and ‘VFR Takii'. The value of chlorophyll content, water potential in leaves and curving of xylem vessels immediately above graft interface were greater in eggplant rootstocks. Vegetative growth tended to be depressed, the incidence of blossom end rot (BER) and soluble solid concentration (Brix) of fruits were increased by grafting on eggplant rootstocks. Total yield and average fruit weight were also influenced by eggplant rootstock, whereas no significant difference was observed on fruit number per plant. It is concluded that eggplant rootstock reduced uptake capacity was associated with a graft union that showed convoluted xylem vessels that directly affects on poorer relative growth rate and increased hydraulic resistance at the graft union and are likely in a state of water deficiency.
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