Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29285
標題: 庭園風格對視覺行為與認知影響之研究
Influences of Different Garden Styles on Observers' Visual Behavior and Cognitions
作者: 黃郁琇
Huang, Yu-Hsiu
關鍵字: Eye Tracking
瞳位追蹤
Garden styles
Landscape Cognition
Styles Cognition
Visual behavior
庭園風格
景觀認知
風格認知
視覺行為
出版社: 園藝學系
摘要: 研究之目的在探討庭園風格對視覺行為與認知之影響,並分析個人屬性不同對視覺行為與認知是否有影響。本研究採用瞳位追蹤技術記錄眼球落點分佈,配合問卷調查的進行,以了解受測者觀看庭園時之視覺專注程度、庭園中吸引受測者視覺注意力之元素、景觀認知、風格認知。本研究對中興大學不同學院之學生進行分層抽樣及方便性抽樣以進行調查,共獲得有效問卷144份及有效瞳位追蹤記錄94份。資料分析方法採用描述性統計、卡方檢定及單因子變異數分析。經由分析結果得到主要的結論如下: 壹、 庭園風格與受測者之景觀認知評值有顯著相關。中國庭園的「神秘性」感知最高、日本庭園的「意義性」感知最高、義大利庭園的「焦點性」感知最高、法國庭園及英國庭園皆以「開闊性」感知為最高。 貳、 庭園風格與受測者之風格認知有顯著相關。東方的兩個國家之庭園風格判斷正確率較高,西方三個國家之庭園風格判斷正確率較低,其中義大利庭園風格判斷正確率僅達三成,是所有庭園中最差的。 參、 不同的庭園風格對於吸引受測者視覺注意之元素有顯著差異。中國庭園中「建築」為最吸引受測者注意之元素,日本庭園為「白砂」、義大利庭園為「建築與水景」、法國庭園與英國庭園為「植物」。 肆、 受測者的個人屬性對於景觀認知與風格認知僅有少部分的影響。
The purposes of this study were to explore the influences and cognitions of different garden styles on Observers' visual behavior and analyze whether different personal attributes would have effects on visual behavior. For understanding observers' visual concentration level when viewing different garden pictures, the most attractive landscape element in different gardens, landscape cognition, and garden style cognition, eye-tracking technique and distribution analysis of pupil location (fixation) were employed in this study. By using questionnaire survey, stratified sampling method, and convenient sampling method, this study obtained 144 valid samples from students studying in National Chung Hsing University. Of 144 valid samples, 94 samples with valid eye-tracking records were available for further analysis. Through utilizing descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, and One-way ANOVA, this study obtained the following conclusions: 1. There was a significant association between landscape cognition and garden style. In Chinese garden, the cognition score of “mystery” was the highest. In respectively, the highest cognition scores for Japanese garden, Italian garden, French garden, and English garden were “meaning”, “focality”, “openness”, and “openness”. 2. There was a significant association between style cognition and garden style-. In Chinese garden and Japanese garden, the correct percentages of garden style judgment were higher than those of Italian garden, French garden, and English garden. In Italian garden, the correct percentage of garden style judgment was the lowest one. Only thirty percent of correct judgment was proved in Italian garden. 3. There were significant differences of landscape elements attractive to observers' visual attention among different garden styles. The “building” element was the most attractive one to observers' visual attention in Chinese garden. In respectively, the most attractive element to observers' visual attention for Japanese garden, Italian garden, French garden, and English garden were “white sand”, “building and water”, “plantings”, and “plantings”. 4. Observers' personal attributes only had fewer influences on landscape cognition and garden style cognition.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29285
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.