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Influences of Different Garden Styles on Observers' Visual Behavior and Cognitions
The purposes of this study were to explore the influences and cognitions of different garden styles on Observers' visual behavior and analyze whether different personal attributes would have effects on visual behavior. For understanding observers' visual concentration level when viewing different garden pictures, the most attractive landscape element in different gardens, landscape cognition, and garden style cognition, eye-tracking technique and distribution analysis of pupil location (fixation) were employed in this study. By using questionnaire survey, stratified sampling method, and convenient sampling method, this study obtained 144 valid samples from students studying in National Chung Hsing University. Of 144 valid samples, 94 samples with valid eye-tracking records were available for further analysis. Through utilizing descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, and One-way ANOVA, this study obtained the following conclusions: 1. There was a significant association between landscape cognition and garden style. In Chinese garden, the cognition score of “mystery” was the highest. In respectively, the highest cognition scores for Japanese garden, Italian garden, French garden, and English garden were “meaning”, “focality”, “openness”, and “openness”. 2. There was a significant association between style cognition and garden style-. In Chinese garden and Japanese garden, the correct percentages of garden style judgment were higher than those of Italian garden, French garden, and English garden. In Italian garden, the correct percentage of garden style judgment was the lowest one. Only thirty percent of correct judgment was proved in Italian garden. 3. There were significant differences of landscape elements attractive to observers' visual attention among different garden styles. The “building” element was the most attractive one to observers' visual attention in Chinese garden. In respectively, the most attractive element to observers' visual attention for Japanese garden, Italian garden, French garden, and English garden were “white sand”, “building and water”, “plantings”, and “plantings”. 4. Observers' personal attributes only had fewer influences on landscape cognition and garden style cognition.
|Appears in Collections:||園藝學系|
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