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Study on mushroom cultivation in cargo container
The experimental results showed that the yield, fruiting and biological efficiency of the both mushroom species cultivated in the front, middle and rear parts and also at different shelves were not significantly different indicating the uniformity of environmental factors in the container. It proved that the humidity, temperature and carbon dioxide concentration in the container can be well controlled with the air-conditioning facilities designed and installed by the Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute. Both average yield and biological efficiency of the common white mushroom grown in the cargo container installed with air conditioning facilities were higher than those of the same mushroom species grown in the conventional mushroom house installed only with a temperature controlling equipment. The average yield and biological efficiency were 15.3 kg/m2 and 65.2% in the former case, while 12.6 kg/m2 and 48.2% in the latter one. When growing the king oyster mushroom the yield, fruiting and biological efficiency grown in the container from June 1998 to May 1999 were 174.2 g/bottle, 74.4% and 68.4% respectively, while those grown in the traditional mushroom house without an air conditioning facility were 117.6 g/bottle, 50.2% and 46.1% respectively. According the above experimental results it is concluded that the modified environmentally controlled cargo container can be used for growing both the above two mushroom species in hot seasons. Besides, even in the cold seasons the yield of the king oyster mushroom obtained in the containers was higher than that in the conventional plastic mushroom house showing the suitability of the modified container to mushroom cultivation.
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