請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件：
Effects of Light-Emitting Diodes on Growth and Morphogenesis of ‘Muscat Bailey A’ Grapevine in vitro
growth and morphogenesis
|引用:||Arnon, D. L. 1949. Copper enzyme in isolated chloroplast polyphenol oxidase in Bata vulgaris. Plant Physiology 24: 1-15. Banilas, G. and E. Korkas. 2007. Rapid micropropagation of grapevine cv. Agiorgitiko through lateral bud development. E-journal of Science and Technology. Baraldi, R., F. Rossi and B. Lercari. 1988. In vitro shoot development of Prunus GF 655-2: interaction between light and benzyladenine. Physiologia Plantarum 74: 440-443. Baraldi, R., G. Cristoferi, O. Facini and B. Lercari. 1992. The effect of light quality in Prunus cerasus. I. Photoreceptors involved in internode elongation and leaf expansion in juvenile plants. Photochemistry and Photobiology 4: 541-544. Barlass, M. and K. G. M. Skene. 1978. In vitro propagation of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) from fragmented shoot apices. Vitis 17: 335-340. Blaauw, O. and G. Blaauw-Jansen. 1970. The phototropic responses of Avena coleoptiles. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 19: 755-763. Bouquet, A. and L. Torregrosa. 2003. Micropropagation of grapevine (Vitis spp.). pp. 319-352. In: Jain, S.M. and K. Ishii (eds.). Micropropagation of woody trees and fruits. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Britz, S. J. and J. S. Sager. 1990. Photomorphogenesis and photoassimilation in soybean and sorghum grown under broad spectrum or blue-deficient light sources. Plant Physiology 125: 448-454. Bula, R. J., R. C. Morrow, T. W. Tibbitts, D. J. Barta, R. W. Ingnatius and T. S. Martin. 1991. Light-emitting diodes as a radiation source for plants. HortScience 26: 203-205. Burger, P., A. Bouquet and M. J. Striem. 2009. Breeding plantation tree crops: Tropical species. Springer. Chee, R. and R. M. Pool. 1983. In vitro vegetative propagation of Vitis: Application of previously defined culture conditions to a selection of genotypes. Vitis 22: 363-374. Chee, R. and R. M. Pool. 1989. Morphogenic responses to propagule trimming, spectral irradiance, and photoperiod of grapevine shoots recultured in vitro. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 114: 350-354. Clouse, S. D. 2001. Integration of light and brassinosteroid signals in etiolated seedling growth. Trends in Plant Science 6: 443-445. Cosgrove, D. J. 1981 Rapid suppression of growth by blue light. Plant Physiology 67: 584-590. Debergh, P. C. and P. E. Read. 1991. Micropropagation. pp. 1-14. In: Debergh, P. C. and R. H. Zimmerman (eds.). Micropropagation technology and application. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. Deitzer, G. F., R. Hayes and M. Jabben. 1979. Kinetics and time dependence of the effect of far red light on the photoperiodic induction of flowering in Wintex barley. Plant Physiology 64: 1015-1021. Downs, R. J. 1956. Photoreversibility of flower initiation. Plant Physiology 31: 279-284. Erdei, N., C. Barta, É. Hideg and B. Böddi. 2005. Light - induced wilting and its molecular mechanism in epicotyls of dark-germinated pea (Pism sativum L.) seedling. Plant Cell Physiology 46: 185-191. Frechilla, S., L. D. Talbott, R. A. Bogomolni and E. Zeiger. 2000. Reversal of blue light-stimulated stomatal opening by green light. Plant Cell Physiology 4: 171-176. Galzy, R. 1961. Confirmation de la nature virale du court-noue de la vigne et essais de thermotherapie sur des cultures in vitro. Comptes Rendus de l’Academie des Sciences 253: 706-708. Heo, J. W., C. W. Lee, D. Chakrabarty and K. Y. Paek. 2002. Growth responses of marigold and salvia bedding plants as affected by monochromic or mixture radiation provided by a light-emitting diode (LED). Plant Growth Regulation 38: 225-230. Heo, J. W., K. S. Shin, S. K. Kim and K. Y. Paek. 2006. Light quality affects in vitro growth of grape ‘Teleki 5BB’. Journal of Plant Biology 49: 276-280. Hoenecke, M. E., R. J. Bula and T. W. Tibbitts. 1992. Importance of blue photon levels for lettuce seedling grown under red-light emitting diodes. HortScience 27: 427-430. Huge, K. W. 1981. In vitro ecology: exogenous factors effecting growth and morphogenesis in plant culture system. Environmental and Experimental Botany 21: 281-288. Jackson, D. 1999. Grapes. pp. 203-207. In: Jackson, D. I. and N. E. Looney (eds.). Temperate and subtropical fruit production. CAB International. Johnson, C. F., C. S. Brown, R. M. Wheeler, J. C. Sager, D. K. Chapman and G. F. Deitzer. 1996. Infrared light-emitting diode radiation causes gravitropic and morphological effects in dark-grown oat seedlings. Photochemistry and Photobiology 63: 238-242. Kim, S. J., E. J. Hahn, J. W. Heo and K. Y. Paek. 2004. Effects of LEDs on net photosynthetic rate, growth and leaf stomata of chrysanthemum plantlets in vitro. Scientia Horticulturae 101: 143-151. Kim, H. H., G. D. Goins, G. M. Wheeler and J. C. Sager. 2004. A comparison of growth and photosynthetic characteristics of lettuce grown under red and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with and without supplemental green LEDs. Acta Horticulturae 659: 467-475. Krarpiel, Y. and E. Mipiniac. 1997. Photomorphogenesis and phytohormones. Plant, Cell and Environment 20: 807-812. Lee, S. H., R. K. Tewari, E. J. Hahn and K. Y. Paek. 2007. Photon flux density and light quality induce changes in growth, stomatal development, photosynthesis and transpiration of Withania Somnifera (L.) Dunal. Plantlets. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 90: 141-151. Lee, N. and H. Y. Wetzstein. 1990. In vitro propagation of Muscadine grape by axillary shoot proliferation. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 115: 324-329. Li, H., Xu, Z. G. and C. M. Tang. 2010. Effect of light-emitting diodes on growth and morphogenesis of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) plantlets in vitro. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 103: 155-163. Lian, M. L., Murthy, H. N. and K. Y. Paek. 2002. Effects of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on the in vitro induction and growth of bulblets of Lilium oriental hybrid ‘Pesaro’. Scientia Horticulturae 94: 365-370. Maas, F. M. 1992. Photomorphogenesis in roses. Thermo- and photomorphogenesis. Acta Horticulturae 305: 109-112. Massa, G. D., H. H. Kim, R. M. Wheeler and C. A. Mitchell. 2008. Plant productivity in response to LED lighting. HortScience 43: 1951-1956. Marks, T. R. and S. E. Simpson. 1999. Effect of irradiance on shoot development in vitro. Plant Growth Regulation 28: 133-142. Monette, P. L. 1988. Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). pp. 3-37 In: Bajaj Y.P.S. (ed.). Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, Vol.6. Crops II. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Germany. Moon H. K., S. Y. Park, Y. W. Kim and C. S. Kim. 2006. Growth of Tsuru-rindo (Tripterspermum japonicum) cultured in vitro under various sources of light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation. Journal of Plant Biology 49: 174-179. Moreira da Silva, M. H. and P. C. Debergh. 1997. The effect of light quality on the morphogenesis of in vitro culture of Azorina vidalii. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 51: 187-193. Morgan, D. C. and H. Smith. 1979. A systematic relationship between phytochrome-controlled development and species habitat, for plants grown in simulated natural irradiation. Planta 145: 253-258. Morrow, R. C. 2008. LED lighting in horticulture. HortScience 43: 1947-1950. Mortensen, L.M. and E. Stromme. 1987. Effects of light quality on some greenhouse crops. Scientia Horticulturae 33: 27-36. Murashige, T. and F. Skoog. 1962. A revised medium for rapid growth and biossays with tobacco tissue culture. Plant Physiology 15: 472-497. Mullins, M. G., B. Alain and E. W. Larry. 2007. Biology of the Grapevine. Cambridge University. Nakamura, S., G. Fasol and S. J. Pearton. 2000. The blue laser diode: the complete story. Springer Science. Nhut, D. T., T. Takamura, H. Watanabe, K. Okamoto and M. Tanaka. 2003. Responses of strawberry plantlets cultured in vitro under superbright red and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 73: 43-52. Noè, N., T. Eccher, E. Del Signore and A. Montoldi. 1998. Growth and proliferation in vitro of Vaccinium corymbosum under different irradiance and radiation spectral composition. Biologia Plantarum 41: 161-167. Norton, C. R., M. E. Norton and T. Herrington. 1988. Light quality and the control of shoot length in woody ornamental plants grown in vitro. Acta Horticulturae 227: 453-456. Okamoto, K., T. Yanagi and S. Kondo. 1997. Growth and morphogenesis of lettuce seedlings raised under different combinations of red and blue light. Acta Horticulturae 435: 149-157. Owens, C. L. 2008. Grapes. pp. 197-221. In: Hancock, J. F. (ed.). Temperate fruit crop breeding. Springer Science. Pinker, I., K. Zoglauer and H. Goring. 1989. Influence of light on adventitious root formation in birch shoot cultures in vitro. Biologia Plantarum 31: 254-260. Poudel, P. R., I. Kataoka and R. Mochioka .2005. Effect of plant growth regulators on in vitro propagation of Vitis ficifolia var. ganebu and its interspecific hybrid grape. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 4: 466-471. Poudel, P. R., I. Kataoka and R. Mochioka. 2008. Effect of red- and blue-light-emitting diodes on growth and morphogenesis of grapes. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 92: 147-153. Qiu, W., S. Fekete, T. Todd and L. Kovacs. 2004. Facilitation of microshoot tip propagation of Vitis aestivalis var. Norton by combined application of an antioxidant and cytokinins. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 55: 112-114. Raymond, C., R. M. Pool and D. Bucher. 1984. A method for large scale in vitro propagation of vitis. New York''s Food and Life Sciences (FLS) Bulletins 119: 1-9. Rossi, F., R. Baraldi, O. Facini and B. Lercari. 1993. Photomorphogenic effects on in vitro rooting of Prunus rootstock GF 655-2. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 32: 145-151. Sǽbǿ, A., T. Krekling and M. Appelgren. 1995. Light quality affects photosynthesis and leaf anatomy of birch plantlets in vitro. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 41: 177-185. Sager, J. C. and J. C. McFarlane. 1997. Radiation. pp. 1-29. In: Langhans, R.W. and T.W. Tibbitts (eds.). Plant growth chamber handbook. Iowa State Univ Press: North Central Region Research Publication No. 340, Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station Special Report no. 99, Ames, IA. Salami, A., A. Ebadi, Z. Zamani and M. Ghasemi .2005. Improvement in apex culture in an Iranian grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. ‘Bidaneh Sefid’) through fragmented shoot apices. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 7: 333-336. Schuerger, A. C., C. S. Brown and E. C. Stryjewski. 1997. Anatomical features of pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.) grown under red light-emitting diodes supplemented with blue or far-red light. Annals of Botany 79: 273-282. Schwartz, A. and E. Zeiger. 1984. Metabolic energy for stomatal opening: Roles of photophosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation. Planta 161: 129-136. Shin, K. S., H. N. Murthy, J. W. Heo, E. J. Hahn and K. Y. Paek. 2008. The effect of light quality on the growth and development of in vitro cultured Doritaenopsis plants. Acta Physiologia Plantarum 30: 339-343. Singh, S. K., R. N. Khawale and S. P. Singh. 2004. Techniques for rapid in vitro propagation of Vitis vinifera L. cultivars. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 79: 267-272. Stefano, M. and M. Rosario. 2003. Effects of light quality on micropropagation of woody species. pp. 3-35. In: Jain, S.M. and K. Ishii (eds.). Micropropagation of woody trees and fruits. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. Tanaka, M., T. Takamura, H. Watanabe, M. Endo, T. Yanagi and K. Okamoto. 1998. In vitro growth of Cymbidium plantlets cultured under super bright and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 73: 39-44. Taylor, A. R. and S. M. Assmann. 2001. Apparent absence of a redox requirement for blue light activation of pump current in broad bean guard cells. Plant Physiology 125: 329-338. Tazawa, S. 1999. Effects of various radiant sources on plant growth (Part 1). JARQ 33: 163-176. Tennessen, D. J., E. L. Singsaas and T. D. Sharkey. 1994. Light emitting diodes as a light source for photosynthesis research. Photosynthesis Research 39: 85-92. Tibbitts, T. W., D. C. Morgan and J. J. Warrington. 1983. Growth of lettuce, spinach, mustard and wheat plants under four combinations of high-pressure sodium, metal halide and tungsten halogen lamps at equal PPFD. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 108: 622-630. Tripathy, B. C. and C. S. Brown. 1995. Root-shoot interaction in the greening of wheat seedlings grown under red light. Plant Physiology 107: 407-411. Voskresenskaya, N. P. 1972. Blue light and carbon metabolism. Annual Review of Plant Biology 23: 219-234. Wu, M. C., C. Y. Hou, C. M. Jiang, Y. T. Wang, C. Y. Wang, H. H. Chen and H. M. Chang. 2007. A novel approach of LED light radiation improves the antioxidant activity of pea seedlings. Food Chemisttry 101: 1753-1758. Yeh, N. and J. P. Chung. 2009. High-brightness LEDs—Energy efficient lighting sources and their potential in indoor plant cultivation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13: 2175-2180. Zacchini, M. and S. Morini. 1998. Stomatal functioning in relation to leaf age in in vitro grown plum shoots. Plant Cell Reports 18: 292-296. Zacchini, M., S. Morini and C. Vitagliano. 1997. Effect of photoperiod on some stomatal characteristics of in vitro cultured fruit tree shoots. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 49: 195-200. Zimmerman, R. H. 1991. Micropropagation of temperate zone fruit and nut crops. pp. 231-246. In: Debergh, P. C. and R. H. Zimmerman (eds.). Micropropagation technology and application. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands.|
|摘要:||本研究使用雙節微體扦插來評估不同LED光源對‘Muscat Bailey A’葡萄瓶內生長及形態的影響。結果顯示，於單一光波與白光LED的處理下，不同光源對枝條萌芽率及發根率之影響達顯著差異，其中9R(100% 紅光)處理組之枝條萌芽率及發根率最高，而9IR(100% 遠紅光)處理組則最低。於WW (暖白光) 處理下之植株有較高的枝條鮮乾重、節數、枝條長度、節間長及根長，而CW (冷白光) 處理組之植株，相較於其他處理組，則有較高的根鮮乾重。經9B (100% 藍光) 處理之植株，相較於其他處理組，有較高的葉色值，其葉綠素含量也較高。不同處理間之氣孔密度也有顯著差異；9B處理組之植株的氣孔密度202.47/mm2 最高，而9R處理組之植株氣孔密度114.81/mm2 最低，然而，不同光源對於氣孔長度與氣孔寬度並無顯著影響。
LED混合光對葡萄生長之影響與單一光源不同，在紅、藍或遠紅光伴隨相同的藍光處理下，於5R3B1IR處理下之植株有較高的主根數為3.27，而於3R3B3IR處理下之植株主根數則只有 1.57 。在紅、藍或遠紅光伴隨相同紅光處理下，3R6B處理組有較高的葉片鮮乾重及根部乾重。而以紅藍混合光處理下， 8R1B處理組有較高的葉片鮮乾重及葉面積，9R處理組有較高的枝條長、節間長與主根數。而紅藍光伴隨遠紅光處理下，7R1B1IR處理組則有較高的枝條鮮乾重、節數、枝條長度與節間長。
Two-node microcuttings were used in this study to evaluate the effect of different LED lights on growth and morphogenesis of ‘Muscat Bailey A’ grapevines cultured in vitro. Among mono-wavelength and white LEDs treatments, the results showed that different light sources had significantly different effects on the rates of shoot regeneration and rooting. The percentages of shoot regeneration and rooting in the treatment of 9R (100% red light) were the highest and the lowest ones were obtained in the 9IR (100% infrared light) treatment. Plants in the WW (warm white light) treatment had the highest fresh weight and dry weight of shoot, node number, shoot length, internode length and root length. The root fresh weight and root dry weight were higher in the treatment of CW (cool white light) than in other treatments. Plants in the treatment of 9B (100% blue light) had a higher leaf color than those in other treatments. The chlorophyll content in the 9B treatment was also the highest. There was significant difference in stomata density among treatments. The highest stomata density was 202.47/mm2 for the treatment of 9B and the lowest one, 114.81/mm2, was obtained in the treatment of 9R. However, there was no effect of different light sources on stomata length and stomata width. The influence of mixed LED radiation on the growth of grapevines was different from that of mono-wavelength light sources. Among red, blue or IR with concurrent blue light treatments, the highest primary root number was 3.27 for the treatment of 5R3B1IR and the lowest primary root number (1.57) was obtained in the treatment of 3R3B3IR. Among red, blue or IR with concurrent red light treatments, the highest leaf fresh weight , leaf dry weight and root dry weight were obtained in the treatment of 3R6B. Among red-blue mix light treatments, the fresh weight and dry weight of leaf and leaf area in the 8R1B treatment were the highest. Plants in the treatment of 9R had the highest shoot length, internode length and primary root number. Among red-blue ratio with infrared treatments, the highest shoot fresh weight, shoot dry weight, node number, shoot length and internode length were obtained in the treatment of 7R1B1IR. In summary, growth and development of grapevine plantlets were better under higher ratio of red to blue light. In contrast, higher ratio of blue to red light was beneficial for chlorophyll biosynthesis and stomatal development. Therefore, higher ratio of red to blue light should be used during the early stage of in vitro microcutting of grapevines and higher ratio of blue to red light would be helpful during the plantlet hardening stage.
在 DSpace 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。