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標題: 以文化景觀觀點探討地方特徵與意義
Exploring the Place Feature and Meaning from Cultural Landscape Perspective
作者: 謝宗恒
Hsieh, Chungheng
關鍵字: 深度訪談
In-depth interview
cultural feature
place meaning
behavior process
confirmatory analysis
path analysis.
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 本研究主要藉由文化景觀之概念探討地方特徵與意義,為達研究目的,本研究採用質性與量化的研究方法建構出文化景觀之概念性測量與結構模式。本研究首先訪談八位文化景觀專家學者與十二位已登錄為文化景觀地點之地方意見領袖,研擬出具有三個面向的文化景觀概念問卷。在專家與意見領袖的推薦下,研究針對四個文化特色場域進行研究樣本的蒐集,最終蒐集得865個樣本,而因素分析及路徑分析則被使用來驗證本研究所建構的測量與結構模式。 因素分析結果顯示,文化景觀概念的三個面向各自被數個獨立的因子所組成。「實質特徵」面向由三個因子所組成,包含了「環境特徵」、「人為證據」與「文化傳統」因子;「場所意義」面向由五個因子所組成,包含了「場所價值」、「環境熟悉」、「生活依賴」、「地方自豪」與「情感歸屬」五個構面;「行為過程」面向則由「社交溝通」、「政策行為」與「自主維護」三個因子所組成。路徑分析的結果則證明了「實質特徵」面向確實能夠影響「場所意義」與「行為過程」面向,但「場所意義」面向並無法影響「行為過程」面向,也就是使用者對於地方的情感並無法引發其對於保存工作的參與意願,此一結果與本研究之假設及過去之文獻有所不同,顯示了目前地方使用者對於文化景觀保存的參與意願較低。 為了瞭解地點特性與使用經驗對於本研究之概念架構的影響,本研究首先進行四個基地的的測量模式比較,比較結果發現四個地方具有相同之之實質特徵與行為過程面向組成,但在場所意義上之組成略有差異,勝興車站地區之受訪者沒有「場所價值」的感受,而鹿港地區的受訪者則沒有「環境熟悉」的感受。在居民與非居民的路徑分析差異則顯示居民與非居民在各面向的因果關係之強度上有所差異,居民在深層的地方情感面向上受環境特徵的影響較非居民為強烈。至於非居民在場所價值的感知受文化傳統的影響較居民強烈,而在地方參與的意願上受實質特徵影響之程度也較居民強烈。 本研究藉由現地受測者的回應,發展了一個多面向的,共有33個題項的文化景觀概念測量工具,提供了一個學術上與實務上可用來評估文化景觀的有效工具,期望本研究結果能提供給決策者訂定文化景觀維護及管理措施之參考,並為台灣之文化資產盡一份心力。
Abstract The main purpose of this study is to explore the place feature and meaning from cultural landscape perspective. The qualitative and quantitative methods were both used in this study. The in-depth interview from eight scholars and twelve local community leaders was conducted and used as a foundation to design a questionnaire which contained a three-dimensional measurement model of studying cultural landscape.In total, 865 participants were asked to response this questionnaire to gather the quantitative data in four cultural significant sites. Factor analysis and structural equation modeling were applied to confirm the structure of the supposed three-dimensional measurement model from the questionnaire data. The result of confirmatory factor analysis showed that there are several factors in each of these three dimensions of cultural landscape were composed of several factors. The physical feature dimension included environmental element, human evidence and cultural tradition. The place meaning dimension contained place value, environmental familiarity, life dependence, place pride and affective identity. The behavior process dimension included social communication, strategic cooperation and self-mobilization of maintainence. The result of path analysis revealed that physial feature dimension could influence the place meaning dimension and cultural process dimension. However, the place meaning dimension could not affect the behavior process dimension. This result indicated that participants were not willing to involve in the conservation affairs. In order to explore the influence of place feature and use experience on the model, this research also discussed the difference of the measurement model among four cultural significant sites. The result showed that the measurement models in the physical feature and behavior process dimension were very similar in these four sites. However, the conceptual frameworks showed that there were differences in the place meaning dimension among the four significant sites. The participants from Lu-Kang historical area didn’t have a strong sense of environmental familiarity, and the participants from Shengxing train Station didn’t have s strong sense of place value. Moreover, this research also used the combined t-test to find the difference of structure model between residents and non-resident group. The result showed that resiedents could had a stronger sense of life dependence and affection identity than non-residents from the environmental feature factor, and the non-residents had a stronger sense of place value and participation than residents from the cultural tradition factor. This study built a multi-dimensional scale which included 33-items and could measure cultural landscape from the perspective of local people in Taiwan. It provided academicians and practitioners with a reliable and valid tool to assess cultural landscape. It also offered government agencies a useful foundation to make conservation strategies for cultural landscape.
其他識別: U0005-2308201212123000
Appears in Collections:園藝學系



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