Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29385
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dc.contributor朱建鏞zh_TW
dc.contributorChien-Young Chuen_US
dc.contributor.author郭姿吟zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorKuo, Tzu-Yinen_US
dc.contributor.other園藝學系所zh_TW
dc.date2012en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T07:32:31Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T07:32:31Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2507201216383700en_US
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/29385-
dc.description.abstract  本試驗以香木槿(Hibiscus arnottianus)為育種材料與朱槿雜交,後代再回交,期能育出具香味的盆花用朱槿。取香木槿、朱槿‘京都’以及其後代之花粉進行萌發試驗。其中以‘京都’花粉在蔗糖濃度為30%培養基之花粉萌發率較高有2.6%,其次依序為在28%蔗糖的培養基萌發率為1.6%,在20%蔗糖時花粉萌發率為1.1%。另外,香木槿在含25%蔗糖的培養基其萌發率也有1.6%。至於在其他糖濃度的花粉萌發率普遍低於1%。   朱槿與香木槿雜交的結果率受親本影響很大,如‘伊豆’、‘札幌’與‘愛密莉’的結果率較高,有超過50%。結果率次之的分別是‘南海’之12%、‘肯尼’之10%,以香木槿作為母本與愛密莉或東方之月雜交結果率分別為6%或16%。朱槿‘京都’與香木槿的雜交後代‘KA98-1’與香木槿回交結果率為17%,但與‘京都’回交結果率僅5%。在結種率方面較高的雜交組合為‘肯尼’×香木槿的32.1%、‘伊豆’×香木槿的20.1%以及‘KA98-1’×香木槿的11%。   經由播種後培育出的子代族群挑選出3株具有早花、花朵形態優美及具香味之實生苗。分別將‘京都×香木槿101’、‘火焰×香木槿101’以及‘愛密莉×香木槿101’的實生苗經扦插繁殖並以UPOV性狀調查表調查。   ‘京都×香木槿101’植株在出現第一個花蕾時進行修剪試驗,經過摘心後的植株分枝增加,分枝從0.8上升至6.2枝。而‘火焰×香木槿101’分枝數從1.0增加至4.4。利用矮化劑Chlormequat能有效的抑制‘京都×香木槿101’植株、節間、葉片生長,且隨著施用濃度以及次數增加其效果越顯著。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThis researches Hibiscus arnottianus was used to cross with Hibiscus cultivars. Furthermore, the offsprings were backcross in order to breed fragrant pot hibiscus. The pollen of Hibiscus ‘Kyoto’, H. arnottianus and ‘their hybrids were cultured in vitro. The rate of ‘Kyoto’ pollen germinated on the medium containing 30% sucrose was at 2.6%. It was higher than 1.6% or 1.1%, when of ‘Kyoto’ pollen germinated on the medium containing sucrose at 28% or 20%, respectively. Otherwise, the pollen germination rate of H. arnottianus was at 1.6%, when it germinated on the medium containing 25% sucrose. H. arnottianus pollen germinated on medium with various sucrose, the germination rate was lower than 0.8%. The fruiting of H. arnottianus as pollen parent crossed with Hibiscus cultivars was dependent on cultivars. For examples, corssing with ‘Izume’, ‘Sapporo’ or ‘Emily’ the fruiting rate was over 50%. But crossing with ‘South Sea’or ‘Kenny’ the fruiting rate was 12% or 10%, respectively. On the other hand, H. arnottianus as mother parent crossed with ‘Emily’ or ‘Oriental Moon’ the fruiting rate was 6% or 16%, respectively. In addition, the higher seeding rate of crossing were ‘Kenny’× H. arnottianus at 32.1%, ‘Izume’× H. arnottianus at 20.1% and ‘KA98-1’×H. arnottianus was at 11%. From the offsprings population, three plants, such as ‘Kyoto×A.(H. arnottianus) 101’, ‘Flame×A 101’ and ‘Emily×A-101’, were selected. The plants were cloned by cutting and were inspected by DUS test of UPOV. After pinch, the branches of ‘Kyoto×A 101’ or ‘Flame×A 101’ were increased from 0.8 to 6.2 or from 1.0 to 4.4, respectively. Chlormequat inhibited the growth of plant height, internode and leaves. In addition the application of Chlormequat was need higher concentration or more times, the retardant effect was more on plant.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要 i Abstract ii 目錄 iii 表目錄 v 圖目錄 vi 前言 1 前人研究 2 一、 起源 2 二、 朱槿的育種史 3 三、 朱槿育種種原 4 四、 育種目標 5 五、 朱槿的開花習性和花朵形態 5 六、 影響結果之因子 6 七、 修剪對盆花的影響 7 八、 矮化劑處理對盆花品質的影響 8 材料方法 10 一、 植物材料 10 二、 扦插繁殖 10 三、 育種親本花粉活力測定 11 四、 香木槿之雜交以及‘京都’×香木槿98-1營養系之自交與回交 11 五、 ‘馬尼優樂多’與‘艾蜜莉’正反交 11 六、 控制授粉後之植株性狀調查及選拔 12 七、 修剪試驗 12 八、 矮化劑處理對盆花品質的影響 12 九、 統計分析 13 結果 14 一、 花粉試驗 14 二、 香木槿之雜交及其優良後帶之回交 14 三、 ‘京都’與香木槿雜交優良植株98-1(KA98-1)之回交與自交 14 四、 ‘京都×香木槿98-1’(KA98-1)回交後代之形態 15 五、 ‘馬尼優樂多’與‘愛密莉’正反交後代之植物性狀 15 六、 實生苗選拔 16 (一)‘京都×H. arnottianus98-1’ 16 (二)‘火焰×H. arnottianus98-1’ 16 (三)‘艾蜜莉×H. arnottianus98-1’ 16 七、 修剪試驗 17 八、 矮化劑試驗 17 討論 18 一、 香朱槿之育成 18 二、 盆花品質之影響 19 參考文獻 48zh_TW
dc.language.isozh_TWen_US
dc.publisher園藝學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2507201216383700en_US
dc.subject香木槿zh_TW
dc.subjectHibiscus arnottianusen_US
dc.subject香朱槿zh_TW
dc.subjectfragrant hibiscusen_US
dc.title利用香木槿培育香朱槿盆花zh_TW
dc.titleTo Breed Potted Fragrant Hibiscus by Hibiscus arnottianusen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
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