Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2955
標題: Effects of different catalysts on the growth of ZnO nanorods for the application of dye-sensitized solar cells
不同催化劑成長之氧化鋅奈米柱應用於染料敏化太陽能電池
作者: 江朋威
Chiang, Peng-Wei
關鍵字: 氧化鋅
ZnO
奈米柱
nanorods
出版社: 光電工程研究所
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摘要: The analysis is mainly aimed at transforming Zno nanorods to array on the ITO substrate by Chemical Bath Deposition (CBD), and utilizing for the electrode pole of Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). This investigation would help us in evaluating how three different kinds of catalysts (NaOH, NH4OH and HMT) and their respective reaction time (3, 6 and 9 hours) have an influence on the composition of Zno nanorods, superficial micro structure, optical and photo electricity attribution.The nanorods are grown with three kinds of catalysts is at wurtzite structure composition category, and to be provided with the characteristic of C axis (002) orientation. The nanorods grown with HMT has greater growth rate and aspect ratio, whilst the reaction time increases, the length of nanorods goes up correspondingly. According to PL analysis, the intensity of ultraviolet of Zno nanorods escalates with the rising reaction time. It was observed that as the reaction time increases, the crystalline of Zno nanorods gets stronger, which further results in an effect of enhanced intensity of ultraviolet.In addition it was noted that, the lattice structure of nanorods transformed with NaOH has the worst outcome. Furthermore, it also runs short of oxygen defects at most. With view point of DSSC, the Zno nanorods transformed with HMT has better efficiency on converting photoelectricity, and accounts for 0.644 percent. Due to its greater aspect ratio, and better dye attachment, the current and converted efficiency possesses better performance. However, the Voc and F.F. does not rise up with respect to the reaction time which concludes that the loop resistance does not increase with the nanorods aspect ratio accordingly. Therefore, it could be concluded that the nanorods has greater electricity attribution.
本研究主要利用化學浴沉積法(Chemical Bath Deposition, CBD) 製備氧化鋅奈米柱陣列於ITO基板上,作為染料敏化太陽能電池(DSSC)之工作電極,並探討三種不同催化劑(NaOH、NH4OH及HMT)及反應時間(3小時、6小時及9小時)對氧化鋅奈米柱之晶格結構、表面微結構、光學特性及光電特性的影響。結果顯示,使用三種催化劑成長之奈米柱皆屬於六角纖鋅塊結構,具有C軸(002)優選排向之特性。使用HMT催化劑成長之氧化鋅奈米柱具有較大之成長速率及高寬比值,反應時間增加時,奈米柱長度也會隨著反應時間增長。從PL分析結果顯示,氧化鋅奈米柱之紫外光(UV)強度會隨反應時間增加而增強,這是因為當反應時間越長時,氧化鋅奈米柱結晶性越好而導致紫外光強度增加。另外,使用NaOH所製備而成的奈米柱結晶性最差,而氧空缺缺陷也是最多的。在染敏太陽能電池應用分析方面,使用HMT製備之奈米柱製作之染敏太陽能電池效率具有較高之光電轉換效率為0.646 %,這是因為HMT奈米柱的寬高比值最大,染料吸附量最高,因此具有較高之光電流及轉換效率。然而開路電壓(Voc)與填充係數(F.F)並沒有隨著反應時間而改變,表示迴路電阻並沒有因為奈米柱高寬比增加而變大,表示奈米柱具有良好的電性。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2955
其他識別: U0005-0408201114255300
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0408201114255300
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