Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30366
標題: Cladistic analysis of Fulgoromorpha nymph (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea)
飛蝨總科若蟲之支序系統學分析(半翅目:飛蝨總科)
作者: 方尚仁
Fang, Shan-Jen
關鍵字: Systematics
系統分類學
Hemiptera
Fulgoroidea
Cladistics
Nymph
半翅目
飛蝨總科
支序系統學
若蟲
出版社: 昆蟲學系
摘要: Nymphs of 177 species belonging to 96 genera were examined: these represented all most every existing fulgoroid family, but Gengidae, Achilixiidae, and Kinnaridae were not included. Cladistic analyses were carried out using parsimony and compatibility criteria. A summary cladistic classification of nymphs is presented which defines three sound monophyletic groups and two potential monophyletic groups with no synapomophies.One final cladogram and 4 consensus trees were gained from 32 most parsimonious cladograms and 6 maximum compatibility cladograms which were resulted along the cladistic analysis and maximum compatibility analysis with 20 nymphal characters. Peloridiomorpha, Cicadoidea, and Cercopoidea, and Membracoidea ( = Cicadelloidea) serve as outgroups. According to this result, the five major groups and several subgroups were recognized. The synapomorphies of each group, if present, are given. The five major groups are: 1. Tettigometridae, the sister group of all other taxa of the superfamily; 2. Ricaniidae group, consists of Hypochthonellidae, Ricaniidae, Lophopidae, and Eurybrachidae; 3. Tropiduchidae group, consists of Flatidae, Tropiduchidae, Acanaloniidae, Issidae, and Nogodinidae; 4. Fulgoridae group, consisst of Fulgoridae and Dictyopharidae; 5. Delphacidae group, consists of Delphacidae, Meenoplidae, Cixiidae, Achilidae, and Derbidae.
本研究共檢查17科96屬177種飛蝨總科的若蟲,除了Gengidae, Achili- xiidae及殘管蠟蟬科(Kinnaridae)無標本外,其它十七科的若蟲每科至少 檢查一個種的標本。 利用儉約性原理與最大相容性原理,對20個若蟲 外部形態特徵,進行支序系統發育學的分析。分析所得的分類結果為:共 可分為五個主要科群,其中三個為單系群,二個尚待進一步分析。科群如 下:A. 蟻飛蝨科為最早分化的科群,與所有其它的飛蝨科互為姊妹群; B.霓裳飛蝨科科群,其內包含霓裳飛蝨科、粗腳飛蝨科、顏飛蝨科及盲飛 蝨科,可能為一單系群但尚無近裔共性;C. 軍配飛蝨科科群,其內包含 軍配飛蝨科、峻翅飛蝨科、圓飛蝨科、脊唇飛蝨科及青翅飛蝨科,可能為 一單系群,尚無近裔共性;D. 飛蝨科群包含飛蝨科及象飛蝨科,為一單 系群;E. 稻蝨科群包含稻蝨科、菱飛蝨科、縞飛蝨科、長翅飛蝨科及小 頭飛蝨科,為單系群。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30366
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

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