請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30427
標題: 臺灣高山區節蜱類之分類學研究
A Taxonomic Study of Eriophyoid Mites at Alpine Area in Taiwan (Acarina: Eriophyoidea)
作者: 王進發
Wang, Chin-Fah
關鍵字: Eriophyoidea
節蜱總科
Taiwan
Alpine
Sysmatic
臺灣
高山
分類
出版社: 昆蟲學系
摘要: 中文摘要 本論文之主要目的在於採集研究有關台灣高山區節蜱類之節蜱相。文中所採集、描述之標本,共有130種 (125新種、2新紀錄種、3舊種),分屬於 4 科 ─ Eriophyidae有109種,Diptilomiopidae 14種,Nalepellidae 6種,Phytoptidae 1種;12新屬 ─ Arduum n. gen., Dibrachium n. gen., Forma n. gen.,Macroserra n. gen., Macrovillus n. gen., Nontuberis n. gen., Opiscavumi n. gen., Rhombus n. gen., Sceptrum n. gen., Tetrapimus n. gen., Triculmen n. gen., and Vitium n. gen.; 43舊屬 ─ Abacarcus, Abacoptes, Acamina, Acaphylla, Acaphyllisa, Aceria, Aculodes, Anthocoptes, Anthpoda, Apodiptacus, Asetadiptacus, Brachendus, Calacarus, Caliphytoptus, Chrecidus, Circaces, Cosella, Criotacus, Dacundiopus, Diptacus, Diptilomiopus, Ditrymacus, Epicecidophyes, Epitrimerus, Flechtmannia, Keiferella, Litaculus, Monotrymacus, Neodicrothrix, Neoidiptilomiopus, Paracaphylla, Phyllocoptacus, Phyllocoptes, Phyllocoptruta, Phyllocoptyches, Rhinophytoptus, Setoptus, Sierraphytoptus, Spinacus, Stenacis, Tegonotus, Trisetacus, Vasates; 1新亞屬 ─ Aculodes (Umor) n. subgen.; 1舊亞屬 ─ Vasates (Metaculus)。 從過去文獻得知節蜱種類主要是以Eriophyidae為最多,而在本採集研究中也以Eriophyidae為最多,佔84%。節蜱類對高山寄主植物之為害,以銹斑為主 (包含於游盪寄主植物上),幾乎佔95%以上,寄主植物種類則以薔薇科為主,有22種,而後其次依序為禾本科、忍冬科、松科、柏科、茶科、杜鵑花科、及樟科等。值得一提的是Aculodes 屬的節蜱種類,在全世界已發表之種類為10種,但在台灣佔有9種之多。在不同海拔高度之節蜱種類則以2500m-3000m 者之 數量、種類為多,佔50%;海拔3500m以上者,種類稀少,甚至極難發現有節蜱種類的存在。 究其原因,當為:(1) 植物相單純, (2) 高山之特殊環境造就植物在功能上改變,諸如,避免過度水分散失,葉變小、組織較厚,甚至發展多絨毛之葉片等,(3) 地質風化變成岩屑,無法使林木生長。 本研究主要藉助光學顯微鏡與掃描電子顯微鏡,就台灣高山區節蜱類之外部形態特徵,加以觀察、測量、描述及拍攝者。
英文摘要 Studies were undertaken to classify the fauna of eriophyid mites collected in Taiwan alpine areas. In total 130 species (125 new species, 2 new records species, 3 old species), they were classified to 4 families, including 109 species of Eriophyidae, 14 species of Diptilomiopidae, 6 species of Nalepellidae, and 1 species of Phytoptidae; 12 new genera including Arduum n. gen, Dibrachium n. gen, Forma n. gen, Forma n. gen, Macroserra n. gen, Macrovillus n. gen, Nontuberis n. gen, Opiscavumi n. gen, Rhombus n. gen, Sceptrum n. gen, Tetrapimus n. gen, Triculmen n. gen, and Vitium n. gen; 43 old genera, including Abacarcus, Abacoptes, Acamina, Acaphylla, Acaphyllisa, Aceria, Aculodes, Anthocoptes, Anthpoda, Apodiptacus, Asetadiptacus, Brachendus, Calacarus, Caliphytoptus, Chrecidus, Circaces, Cosella, Criotacus, Dacundiopus, Diptacus, Diptilomiopus, Ditrymacus, Epicecidophyes, Epitrimerus, Flechtmannia, Keiferella, Litaculus, Monotrymacus, Neodicrothrix, Neoidiptilomiopus, Paracaphylla, Phyllocoptacus, Phyllocoptes, Phyllocoptruta, Phyllocoptyches, Rhinophytoptus, Setoptus, Sierraphytoptus, Spinacus, Stenacis, Tegonotus, Trisetacus, Vasates; 1 new subgenus, Aculodes (Umor) n. subgen; 1 old subgenus, Vasates (Metaculus). The description of eriophyid mites in this research was based on the method of Boczek’s (1987) system. The great majority of the collected eriophyid mites belonged to Eriophyidae, near 84% which is the similar result described in literatures. There were greated than 95 percent of damage caused by Eriophyidae was rust. The damaged host plants was mainly Roseaceae (about 22 species), and others included Poaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Pinaceae, Cupressaceae, Theaceae, Ericaceae and Lauraceae. Worthy to be mentioned is that 9 out of 10 recorded species of Aculodes were found in Taiwan. Fifty percent of the species of Eriophyidae distribute from 2500 to 3000 meters in altitude. Above 3500 meters altitude, the species of eriophyid mites were rare, probably due to (1) simple plant fauna (2) special enviroment of alpine areas caused morphological change of the host plant, for example, anti-waterlose, smaller leaves, thicker tissue, even developing downy hair of leaves. (3) trees are not able to grow in the weathering rock. This study mainly used light microscope and scanning electronic microscrope to observe, describe and photo the characters of Eriophyid mites.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30427
顯示於類別:昆蟲學系

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