Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30686
標題: Taxonomy of Caeciliusetae and Homilopsocidea (Psocoptera:Psocomorpha) from Taiwan and Analysis on the Ecological Characters of Psocoptera
臺灣毛嚙蟲下目和集嚙蟲下目 (嚙蟲目:嚙蟲亞目)之分類與嚙蟲目生態學特性分析
作者: 詹美鈴
Chan, Mei-Ling
關鍵字: http://etds.lib.nchu.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0005-0402200823202900
嚙蟲目
分類
毛嚙蟲下目
集嚙蟲下目
馬氏網
鳥巢
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
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摘要: This thesis comprises two studies: the taxonomy of two infraorders, Caeciliusetae and Homilopsocidea, by using morphological characters and the investigation of ecological characters based on psocopteran fauna which were collected by Malaise trap from 3 elevation gradients and on the fauna in 213 birdnests. In morphological study, each species was described and measured. Furthermore, the fine structures of each species were photoed by using AUTO-MONTAGE system overlaying different focused pictures to get well-focused images for taxonomy. There were 10 families, 25 genera and 41 species of these two infraorders recorded from Taiwan in the past. The result of this study described 10 families, 32 genera, and 65 species totally, including 9 species new to science, i. e., Anoculaticaecilius choui Chan and Yang sp. nov., Caecilius buckleus Chan and Yang sp. nov., Epicaecilius latus Chan and Yang sp. nov., Valenzuela multifleckus Chan and Yang sp.nov., Valenzuela fuscotibialis Chan and Yang sp. nov., Enderleinella taiwana Chan and Yang sp. nov., E. yuanfengensis Chan and Yang sp. nov., Stenopsocus takahashii Chan and Yang sp. nov. and Pseudocaecilius lini Chan and Yang sp. nov. Seven genera and 16 species are new records to Taiwan and 2 new combinations Cubipilis niger (Enderlein, 1906), Endereinella exilis (Li, 2002). There are 2 new synonyms by misidentification, Matsumuraiella enderleini Banks, 1937 is new synonym of M. radiopicta Enderlein, 1906, 1907 and Pseudocaecilius formosanus (Banks, 1937) is new synonym of P. citricola (Ashmead, 1879), 2 new synonyms by revived combinations, Valenzuela fraternus (Banks, 1937) new synonym of Caecilius fraternus Banks, 1937 and V. himalayanus (Enderlein, 1903) is new synonym of C. himalayanus Enderlein, 1903. The checklist of Psocoptera comprises 24 families, 59 genera and 105 species occurred in Taiwan and keys to the higher categories are also provided in this study. In addition, there are study also provided the checklist of Psocoptera. For the study of ecological characters of 6,921 specimens of Psocoptera captured by Malaise trap from 3 sites, Chunyang (1,230m), Meifeng (2,125m) and Yuanfeng (2,756m) were analysed and showed psocoptera of family level in numbers according to the elevation. Of 3 sites, Caeciliusidae is the dominant group in the individual number. By checking psocoptera fauna in 406 birdnests from the collection of TEFRI, totally, 2,663 specimens were found from 213 birdnests. The result showed that birdnests of Timaliidae contained highest amount of psocoptera individuals and also got the most diverse families of Psocoptera. The highest frequency of psocoptera family occurred in birdnests is Liposcelidae (59%), and follows by Ectopsocidae (27%). Through analysis of Psocoptera fauna collected from Malaise trap and birdnest showed the different composition of psocoptera and reflected the varied habitats between them.
本論文包括兩部份,以形態學特徵進行臺灣產毛嚙蟲下目(Caeciliusetae) 和集嚙蟲下目 (Homilopsocidea) 之傳統分類學研究,及分析馬氏網 (Malaise trap) 及鳥巢 (birdnests) 採集之嚙蟲相、探討嚙蟲之棲所環境等生態特徵。在形態學部份,除對每個物種進行描述與測量外,在嚙蟲研究中,首次嘗試以 AUTO-MONTAGE 疊圖方式進行各部位形態結構之觀察與拍照,解決過去光學繪圖之景深不夠及焦點不明確的問題。臺灣有記錄的嚙蟲種類原有 10 科 25 屬 41 種,本論文共描述 10 科 32 屬 65 種,其中包括 9 新種,Anoculaticaecilius choui Chan and Yang sp. nov.、Caecilius buckleus Chan and Yang sp. nov.、Epicaecilius latus Chan and Yang sp. nov.、Valenzuela multifleckus Chan and Yang sp.nov.、V. fuscotibialis Chan and Yang sp. nov.、Enderleinella taiwana Chan and Yang sp. nov.、E. yuanfengensis Chan and Yang sp. nov.、Stenopsocus takahashii Chan and Yang sp. nov. 和 Pseudocaecilius lini Chan and Yang sp. nov.;7新紀錄屬、16 新紀錄種、2 新組合 Cubipilis niger (Enderlein, 1906)、Endereinella exilis (Li, 2002)、4個新異名:2 個鑑定錯誤種 Matsumuraiella enderleini Banks, 1937 為 M. radiopicta Enderlein, 1906之異名及 Pseudocaecilius formosanus (Banks, 1937) 為 P. citricola (Ashmead, 1879) 之異名,2種移回原來的屬 Valenzuela fraternus (Banks, 1937) 為 Caecilius fraternus Banks, 1937 之異名和 V. himalayanus (Enderlein, 1903) 為 C. himalayanus Enderlein, 1903 之異名。本研究更提供臺灣產嚙蟲目共計 24 科 59 屬 105 種之名錄及嚙蟲各分類階層之檢索表。生態學特性包括棲所環境分析部分,檢視在春陽 (1,230m)、梅峰 (2,125m) 和鳶峰 (2,756m) 3 個地點以馬氏網採集之 6,921 隻嚙蟲,結果顯示在春陽地區之科級多樣性較高;3 個樣區均以毛嚙蟲科個體數最高。檢視臺灣特有生物保育中心鳥巢蒐藏 406 個,其中有 213 個發現嚙蟲共計 2,663 隻,以畫眉亞科鳥巢發現嚙蟲個體數最多,發現的嚙蟲科數多樣性也最高;嚙蟲各科出現頻度則以書蝨科個體數最多,佔59%,其次是外嚙蟲科,佔27%。透過馬氏網和鳥巢的嚙蟲相分析,更發現二者之嚙蟲科級組成之差異甚大,也可藉此反映出嚙蟲之分布與棲所環璄的相關性。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30686
其他識別: U0005-0402200823202900
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