Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30694
標題: Soil factors affecting egg laying of gravid female and the larval development of the biting midge, Forcipomyia taiwana
土壤因子對台灣鋏蠓成蟲產卵及幼蟲發育的影響
作者: 楊曉峯
Young, Shou-Fong
關鍵字: http://etds.lib.nchu.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0005-1308200713023700
土壤因子
台灣鋏蠓
血餐
小球藻
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
引用: 王惠鵬。1997。南投地區台灣鋏蠓之化學防治。國立中興大學昆蟲學研究所碩士論文。72頁。 李學進。1996。小黑蚊的生態及綜合防治。行政院環境保護署第八屆病媒防治技術研討會論文集。15-23頁。 吳皎如、吳樹吟。1957。由糠蚊科蠛蠓屬 Lasiohelea台灣蠛蠓分離出乙型腦炎病毒。微生物學報。5:22-26。 柳忠婉、丁爾成、蔡連來、梁玉寬。1964。台灣蠛蠓孳生地調查。昆蟲學報。13:757-760。 莊益源。1994。台灣鋏蠓之生活史及其在南投地區之季節消長。國立中興大學昆蟲學研究所碩士論文。52頁。 陳珮琇。2005。食物及濕度對台灣鋏蠓Forcipomyia taiwana(雙翅目:蠓科) 發育之影響。國立中興大學昆蟲學研究所碩士論文。69頁。 陳錦生。1980。花蓮地區台灣鋏蠓之型態及族群動態研究。國立台灣大學植物病蟲害學研究所碩士論文。98頁。 黃國青。1998。禽畜糞堆肥品質測定。P.114-120。禽畜糞堆肥處理技術輔導手冊。台灣省畜牧廢棄資源再生利用協會。119頁 裘明華、榮雲龍。1979。台灣鋏蠓的生活史研究(雙翅目:蠓科)。中國昆蟲學報。22:437-442。 葉金彰、王凱淞。2000。小黑蚊之生態及防治。145-159頁。居家害蟲生態與防治技術(李學進、王俊雄編著)。國立中興大學農業推廣中心。 譚璟宪、薛景珉、柯衞。1989。台灣鋏蠓吸血和生殖的觀察。中國昆蟲學報。32:52-57。 Chen, C. S., Y. N. Lin, C. L. Chung, and H. Hung. 1979. Preliminary observations on the larval breeding sites and adult resting places of a bloodsucking midge, Forcipomyia(Lasiohelea) taiwana(shiraki)(Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol., Nat''l Chung Hsing Univ., Taiwan. 14: 51-59. Cribb, B. W. 2000. Oviposition and maintenance of Forcipomyia(Lasiohelea) townsvillensis(Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the laboratory. J. Med. Entomol. 37: 316-318. Lien, J. C. 1989. Taxonomic and ecological studies on the biting midges of the sungenus Lasiolelea, Genus Forcipomyia from Taiwan. J. Taiwan Mus. 42: 33-77. Mercer, R. D., G. R. Spinelli, D. M. Watts, and R. B. Tesh. 2003. Biting rates and developmental substrates for biting midges(Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Iquitos, Peru. J. Med. Entomol. 40: 807-812. Nunamaker, R. A. and J. A. Lockwood. 2001. Cryopreservation of embryos of Culicoides sonorensis(Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). J. Med. Entomol. 38: 55-58. Schmidtmann, E. T., R. J. Bobian, and R. P. Belden. 2000. Soil chemistries define aquatic habitats with immature populations of the Culicoides variipennis complex(Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). J. Med. Entomol. 37: 58-64. Sun, W. K. C. 1974. Laboratory colonization of biting midges(Diptera: Atopogonidae). J. Med. Entomol. 11: 71-73. Yen, C. C. and Y. Y. Chuang. 1996. Colonization and bionomics of Forcipomyia taiwana(Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the laboratory. J. Med. Entomol. 33: 445-448.
摘要: 本研究模擬不同狀態土壤對台灣鋏蠓(Forcipomyia taiwana)成蟲產卵的偏好及幼蟲發育的影響,並以其幼蟲在環境中可能取得的食源飼養幼蟲,測試其幼蟲是否能依靠其他種類的食物維生。當單獨以竹林表層土壤土及竹葉泥餵飼台灣鋏蠓一齡幼蟲時,發現此兩者皆無法讓其成長至下一齡期。將20隻飽血雌蠓置於含小球藻的採集杯時,其總產卵總量平均為722.0 ± 110.3顆,與不含小球藻處理組之511.0 ± 109.0顆之間呈現顯著差異。將飽血48小時後之雌蠓40隻置於邊長為60 cm的透明壓克力箱中,當箱內放置直徑9 cm,內部滴加含小球藻與不含小球藻之去離子水20ml的兩種潮濕產卵器時,發現6小時內,雌蠓於含小球藻的平台上之產卵量平均為149.0 ± 37.4顆,較不含小球藻處理組之19.7 ± 16.5顆為高;而當壓克力箱內放置5、10、15及20%四種含水量土壤的產卵器時,則發現雌成蟲的產卵數隨土壤含水量遞增。另外,在照度為4,500 lux的日光燈光照環境測試下,將透明壓克力箱(75 × 20 × 16 cm)之一半區域遮蔽後放入飽血雌成蟲,結果顯示雌蠓產卵時不會避開燈光照射區域,但是在室外日光環境下試驗時則顯示多數雌成蟲產卵時會選擇潮濕遮蔭處。將一齡幼蟲飼育於含小球藻的10、15、20及25%四種含水量之土壤環境中,可發現幼蟲在10%含水量土壤上之化蛹率為28.0%,而幼蟲於15及20%含水量土壤上之化蛹率則可達97.3與94.7%。若化蛹率自二齡幼蟲起算時,幼蟲於含水量10、15與20%的土壤上之化蛹率分別為100、100及98.6%,在統計上則無顯著差異;另外,飼育於25%含水量土壤環境中的幼蟲,則全數無法化蛹。以竹林、柚子林、檳榔林及溪邊取得的表層土壤飼育一齡幼蟲,結果顯示幼蟲在此四種土壤上之化蛹率及羽化率皆無顯著差異。在培養小球藻的測試中,可發現將小球藻置於混合有機肥的土壤浸出液時,其繁殖狀況遠比一般土壤浸出液快速。將一齡幼蟲飼育於陸地及水域各半的環境中,則可發現幼蟲可進入水域中,且有能力回到陸面上,而幼蟲則全數於陸面化蛹。由以上試驗結果,推測小球藻、土壤之含水量及光照皆是影響台灣鋏蠓成蟲產卵之因子﹔而土壤之含水量、有機質,以及積水的情況則可能對幼蟲的發育及活動造成影響。
Soil factors affecting ovipositional preference and larval growth in the biting midge, Forcipomyia taiwana, were investigated in this study. The first-instar larvae were unable to grow to the next instar when fed on the soil surface under bamboo or on decayed bamboo leaves. Female adults after blood meal laid ca. 722.0 eggs as fed with Chlorella sp. while they laid only ca. 511.0 eggs without feeding with Chlorella algae. When the females were placed in a 60 cm-long plastic box provided with Chlorella sp. on a 9-cm dish could lay ca. 149.0 eggs but laid only ca. 19.7 eggs without Chlorella algae. The female egg-laying was increased with raising the water content from 5, 10, 15, to 20%. In addition, The females after blood meal were confined in a plastic box(75 x 20 x 16 cm) in which one half was illuminated with daylight lamps with 4,500 lux and the other half without lamp. The results showed that oviposition was not affected by illumination. The outdoor observations revealed that the majority of females preferred egg-laying in shade areas. The larvae fed on 10% of water content resulted in 28% of pupation, while those on 15 and 20% could reach 97.3 and 94.7% of pupation, respectively. When the larvae were reared from second instar, the pupation rate was as high as 100.0, 100.0, and 98.6% at 10, 15, and 20% of water content, respectively, however, those kept at 25% of water content died before pupation. The first-instar larvae reared on the soils of ground surface from bamboo, pomelo, and betel nut fields or stream bank resulted in similar pupation rates and adult emergence without significant difference, indicating that the soil sources do not affect the midge development. The alga, Chlorella sp., grew better on the medium with wash-off of the soil containing manure than on the regular soil wash-off. The first-instar larvae of F. taiwana were able to enter the water-containing areas and return to the ground surface to pupate when reared in a partial watering ground.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30694
其他識別: U0005-1308200713023700
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