請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30700
標題: Comparison of infectivity of two entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema abbasi and S. carpocapsae, against immature stage of Ctenocephalides felis (Bouche) (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae)
兩種蟲生線蟲Steinernema abbasi及S. carpocapsae對貓蚤(蚤目:蚤科)幼蟲期侵染力之比較
作者: 陳俐蓁
Chen, Li Chen
關鍵字: 貓蚤
http://etds.lib.nchu.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0005-1508200722162400
蟲生線蟲
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
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摘要: 廣佈於全世界的貓蚤(Ctenocephalides felis (Bouche))係寄生於貓狗體上之重要寄生性害蟲;許多醫學上及獸醫學上之重要疾病皆可由貓蚤傳播。雖貓蚤並非草坪植物上的害蟲,但卻可於其基部以有機物質為食而發育為成蚤;因此,本試驗在實驗室內及草坪草(Axonopus affinis Chase)上,以兩種蟲生線蟲,Steinernema abbasi 及S. carpocapsae,進行其對貓蚤幼蟲期之侵染力比較研究。隨著寄主幼蟲齡期增加,兩種線蟲對其所需之LT50則隨之縮短;隨著濃度的提高,兩種線蟲對第3齡貓蚤幼蟲所需之LT50亦隨之縮短。貓蚤之土繭蛹,對S. abbasi較S. carpocapsae更具感受性;在壤土中,兩種線蟲對第3齡貓蚤幼蟲之死亡率,會隨著含水量的增加而增加,但當砂土含水量為20%時,其對第3齡貓蚤幼蟲之死亡率則隨之下降。兩種線蟲皆可於草坪草上感染第3齡貓蚤幼蟲並導致死亡,其死亡率皆可達76.7%以上。
The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Bouche), is the most important ectoparasite of domestic cats and dogs worldwide. In addition, it can transmit severe human and animal diseases. Although the cat flea is not a pest of turfgrass in the outdoor environment, its larvae feed on dead organic matters and develop to adults in the grass. Therefore, we intended to use entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of this nuisance pest. In this study, we compared infectivity of two entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema abbasi and S. carpocapsae, against immature stage of C. felis (Bouche) in both laboratory and turfgrass (Axonopus affinis Chase). In general, the values of LT50 declined with increasing larval instars of host insect in two nematode species. The LT50 values against 3rd-instar of the cat flea were increased when the nematode concentrations decreased. The cocoon-typed pupae of the flea in soil were more susceptable to S. abbasi than S. carpocapsae. The mortality of 3rd-instar larvae increased with an increase in the water content of soil, but declined under 20% in that of sand. The 3rd-instar larvae of cat flea could be infected with infective juveniles (IJs) of S. abbasi and S. carpocapsae in turfgrass, resulting in at least 76.7% mortality infected with both nematodes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30700
其他識別: U0005-1508200722162400
顯示於類別:昆蟲學系

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