Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30702
標題: 台灣鋏蠓 Forcipomyia taiwana(Shiraki)的產卵習性、棲群動態與對昆蟲生長調節劑感受性之研究
Studies on the oviposition, population dynamics and the susceptibility to insect growth regulators of biting midge, Forcipomyia taiwana (Shiraki) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
作者: Hsieh, Po-Yueh
謝伯岳
關鍵字: http://etds.lib.nchu.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0005-1908200701234700
台灣鋏蠓
產卵習性
棲群動態
昆蟲生長調節劑
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
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摘要: 台灣鋏蠓Forcipomyia(Lasiohelea)taiwana(Shiraki)雌蟲產卵受幼蟲食物存在與否、溫度及光度之影響。吸血雌蟲於15℃、20℃、25℃、30℃與35℃下皆可完成生殖營養週期,卵發育速率隨著溫度的升高而增加。在25℃與30℃下雌蟲之產卵率明顯高於其他溫度,其中25℃下以12:00至15:00與15:00至18:00兩時段之產卵量最多,顯示台灣鋏蠓雌蟲具產卵日律動。懷卵雌蟲選擇將卵產於具有光照或幼蟲食物的地方,其中光之影響明顯高於幼蟲食物。測試幼蟲對昆蟲生長調節劑(Insect growth regulators, IGRs)之感受性,結果顯示二齡幼蟲對百利普芬、氟芬隆及克福隆之感受性均高於四齡,其中以百利普芬之藥效最佳。 台灣鋏蠓全省分布調查結果顯示,其於台灣之危害已有13縣125個鄉鎮地區,分布最高海拔為900公尺之南投魚池地區。自2005年5月至2006年5月,以人體誘集法於南投地區竹山秀林里及鹿谷秀峰村進行台灣鋏蠓田間棲群動態調查,調查結果指出其發生具有季節性,以7、8月為最高峰,介於12月至隔年4月間密度最低。根據相關性及複迴歸統計分析,台灣鋏蠓棲群密度之變動與調查日之前兩週之溫度、相對濕度與降雨日數間具有較高的相關性,其中以溫度之影響最為重要。
The gonotrophic cycle of the blood-feeding females of Forcipomyia taiwana (Shiraki) were complete at 15℃, 20℃, 25℃, 30℃, and 35℃. Egg developmental rate in the gravid female is increase with temperature rising, and the oviposition rate of gravid female is significantly high at 25℃ and 30℃. Normally, there are circadian rhythm phenomenon in the ovipositiion of gravid female under 25℃, the higher peak of eggs laid are located at 12:00 to 18:00. The oviposition of gravid female F. taiwana is effected by the temperature, light, and the food of larva, and the light factor is most important that affects the oviposition. Pyriproxyfen is the effectiveness insect growth regulator (IGR) on the susceptibility of 2nd and 4th larva of F. taiwana among the three tested IGRs, Pyriproxyfen, Flufenoxuron, and Chlorofluazuron. There are 125 village or towns in 13 counties occurs F. taiwana under the distribution investigation during August to October, 2006. A highest collected record is at the 900 meters high upper sea in Nantou area. Seasonal dynamic of the population of F. taiwana was surveyed at two countries area, Shioufeng in Lugu village and Hsiolin in Jhushan township during May, 2005 to May 2007. These investigations show the low population density of F. taiwana in winter and early Spring seasons, and the density were increasing with temperature higher, than the highest population density was located at Summer seasons, in July and August. The dynamic of F. taiwana population density were affected by climate fluctuation. By using the correlation and multiple regression analysis, the temperature, relative humidity, and raining period are the most correlation meteorological factors with population density of F. taiwana, especially two weeks before the midge collected.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30702
其他識別: U0005-1908200701234700
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