Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30717
標題: 台中縣高美野生動物保護區鹽地鼠尾粟-雲林莞草植群昆蟲群聚之探討
Studies on the Insect Community of Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth - Bolboschoenus planiculmis (F. Schmidt) T. Koyama Vegetation in Taichung County Gaomei Wildlife Refuge
作者: Wang, Hsin-Hao
王心浩
關鍵字: 鹽生草澤
http://etds.lib.nchu.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0005-2008200810172500
景觀生態學

出版社: 昆蟲學系所
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摘要: The study was investigated from June, 2006 to November, 2007. The sampling site was demarcated for 5 plots by the creeks that put to marine, and 3 zones by the different distances from the bank. Insect community was studied by net sweeping every 2 months, totally 10,598 individuals belonging to 62 families and 10 orders were identified. There are 44 morpho-species were described and photographed. The individual number of Diptera is 7,921 (74.7%), the largest group. The second group is Homoptera, included 1,459 individuals (13.8%). Other 8 orders were not exceeded 10% in the percentage of individualSp. Individual number decreased by the distance from bank. To the number of family, Diptera comprised of 29 families, is the top group. The second one is Coleoptera, comprised of 11 familieSp. The theoretical percentage of family numbers are 15.3% and 22.6% respectively, the collected percentage of family numbers are 24.6% and 6.6%. In this study, based on the landscape ecology, the vegetation of SP. virginicus - B. planiculmis is a sink of insect community but not a source. The sink of other families were rare, and occurred occasionally, or immigrated by land wind from the paddy fields outside the bank. The vegetation of SP. virginicus - B. planiculmis is a source of Ephydridae and Chironomidae, based on their individual numbers and biological characters of salt adaptation. The insect community at the Vegetation of SP. virginicus - B. planiculmis is a typical insect community at salt marsh ecosystem.
本研究於2006年6月至2007年11月間,在台灣中部高美野生動物保護區的鹽生草澤生態系進行,以鹽地鼠尾粟-雲林莞草為主的植群。樣區由南向北分別以排水溝為界,劃分為五區,每一區又以離堤距離分為近堤、中間及遠堤三區段。利用掃網法定量採集,共採得10,598隻昆蟲,經分類及鑑定,共計10目62科,已描述及拍照存證的形態種共44種。個體數以雙翅目最多,共7,921隻占總數的74.7%,其次為同翅目,共1,459隻占13.8%,而其他8目則未達10%;昆蟲各目個體數大致上隨離堤距離增加而遞減。各目科數以雙翅目29科最多,其次為鞘翅目11科,理論科數百分比分別為22.6%及15.3%,而實際科數百分比分別為24.6%及6.6%。以景觀生態學的觀點,占雙翅目總個體數71.4%的水蠅科及搖蚊科,其生物學特性為適應鹽生草澤環境,由此推論此兩群可能以高美溼地為其「源」,而其他各科,例如飛蝨科可能藉由夜晚由陸地吹向海洋的風,堤外其他植群如水稻田被氣流或強風帶到鹽地鼠尾粟-雲林莞草植群,應為「匯」。發生模式為短時間內密集出現者,如蚜蟲科、毛嚙科與金花蟲科,以及其他偶發性的各科昆蟲,應也以鹽地鼠尾粟-雲林莞草植群為「匯」。整體而言,高美溼地並不是大部分昆蟲群聚的「源」,只是暫時性的「匯」。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30717
其他識別: U0005-2008200810172500
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

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