Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30772
標題: 以生命表探討黃緣巧瓢蟲與桃蚜之捕食者與食餌關係
Predator-Prey Relationship between Oenopia sauzeti Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae): a Demographic Approach
作者: 謝寶瑩
Hsieh, Bao-Ying
關鍵字: 生命表
Life table
捕食率
桃蚜(Myzus persicae (Sulzer))
黃緣巧瓢蟲(Oenopia sauzeti Mulsant)
predation rate
Myzus persicae (Sulzer)
Oenopia sauzeti Mulsant
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
引用: Birch, L. C. 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. J. Anim. Ecol. 17: 15-26. Chi, H. 1988. Life table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. Environ. Entomol. 17: 26-34. Chi, H. 1990. Timing of control based on the stage structure of pest populations: a simulation approach. J. Econ. Entomol. 83: 1143-1150. Chi, H. 2012a. CONSUME-MSChart: a computer program for predation rate study based on two-sex life table. (http://140.120.197.173/Ecology). Chi, H. 2012b. TWOSEX-MSChart: computer program for the age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. (http://140.120.197.173/Ecology). Chi, H., and H. Liu. 1985. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Acad. Sin., Bull. Inst. Zool. 24: 225-240. Chi, H., and T. C. Yang. 2003. Two-sex life table and predation rate of Propylaea japonica Thunberg (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) fed on M. persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae). Environ. Entomol. 32: 327-333. Chi, H., and H. Y. Su. 2006. Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Aphidius gifuensis (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and its host M. persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae) with mathematical proof of the relationship between female fecundity and the net reproductive rate. Environ. Entomol. 35: 10-21. Efron, B., and R. J. Tibshirani. 1993. An introduction to the bootstrap. Chapman and Hall, New York. Farhadi, R., H. Allahyari, and H. Chi. 2011. Life table and predation capacity of Hippodamia variegata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Biol. Control 59: 83-89 Goodman, D. 1982. Optimal life histories, optimal notation, and the value of reproductive value. Am. Nat. 119: 803-823. Huang, Y. B., and H. Chi. 2012. Assessing the application of the jackknife and bootstrap techniques to the estimation of the variability of the net reproductive rate and gross reproductive rate: a case study in Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae). J. Agric. & Forestry. 61: 37-45. Margaritopoulos, J. T., J.A. Tsitsipis , S. Goudoudaki and R.L. Blackman. 2002. Life cycle variation of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Greece. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 92: 309–319. Leslie, P. H. 1945. On the use of matrices in certain population mathematics. Biometrika 33: 183-212. Lewis, E. G. 1942. On the generation and growth of a population. Sankhya 6: 93-96. Lotka, A. J. 1907. Studies on the mode of growth of material aggregates. Am. J. Sci. 24: 199-216. Poorani, J. 2002. A review of the genus Oenopia Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of the Indian subcontinent with description of a new species. Orient. Insects 36: 97-116. Sauge, M. H., J. Kervella, and T. Pascal. 1998. Settling behavior and reproductive potential of the green peach aphid Myzus persicae on peach varieties and a related wild Prunus. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 89: 233-242. Yu, J. Z., H. Chi, and B. H. Chen. 2005. Life table and predation of Lemnia biplagiata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) fed on Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae) with a proof on relationship among gross reproduction rate, net reproduction rate, and preadult survivorship. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 98: 475-482.
摘要: 本論文在溫室內研究桃蚜在其寄主植物-初秋甘藍上之生命表,試驗期間(2011年一月至三月)溫室中之平均溫度及溼度為17.3 oC 和78% RH。黃緣巧瓢蟲生命表實驗以及捕食桃蚜之捕食率實驗則是在定溫箱內完成,定溫箱溫度平均為25±1oC,平均相對溼度為78±10% RH,光週期為12:12小時。為了仔細考慮個體間發玉速率之差異與雌雄差異,原始數據利用兩性生命表理論分析。在溫室內桃蚜生命表之內在增殖率為0.2278 d-1。黃緣巧瓢蟲的內在增殖率為0.1431 d-1,終極增殖率為1.1538 d-1,淨增殖率為378.1子代/雌蟲,平均世代時間為41.5 天,總繁殖率為422.4子代。黃緣巧瓢蟲之幼蟲期、雌成蟲與雄成蟲之平均捕食量為308.7±6.6, 2642.7±147.7 和3090.1±79.6隻桃蚜,淨捕食率為每隻黃緣巧瓢蟲捕食3127.9隻桃蚜。
The life table of Myzus persicae (Sulzer) reared on Brassica oleracea L. was studied under the greenhouse condition, and the average temperature and humidity during the study were 17.3 ± 1 oC and 78 ± 10% RH from 2011 January to March. The study of life table and predation rate of Oenopia sauzeti Mulsant fed on M. persicae were conducted in a growth chamber at 25oC, 65% RH, and a photoperiod of 12:12 (L:D) h. The raw data were analyzed based on the age-stage, two-sex life table to take both sexes and the variable developmental rate among individuals into consideration. The intrinsic rate of increase (r) for M. persicae was 0.2278 d-1 in the greenhouse. For O. sauzeti, the intrinsic rate of increase (r) , finite rate of increase (λ), net reproduction rate (R0), mean generation time (T), and gross reproduction rate (GRR) were 0.1431 d-1, 1.1538 d-1, 378.1 offspring, 41.5 d, and 422.4 offspring, respectively. The mean consumption rate of O. sauzeti for larval stage, female adult, and male adult were 308.7 ± 6.6, 2642.7 ±147.7, and 3090.1 ±79.6 aphids, respectively. The net predation rate (C0) was 3127.9 aphids per individual of O. sauzeti.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30772
其他識別: U0005-0108201221415100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0108201221415100
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