Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30957
標題: 亞麻油防治花生銹病及其防治機制
Control of peanut rust with flaxseed oil and its disease control mechanism
作者: 陳汶楊
Chen, Wen-Yang
關鍵字: peanut rust
花生銹病
Puccinia arachidis
flaxseed oil
appressorium formation
Puccinia arachidis
亞麻油
附著器形成
出版社: 植物病理學系所
引用: 方新政。1977。台灣落花生銹病之研究。植保會刊19:218-222。 行政院農業委員會農糧署。2009。農業統計年報。行政院農業委員會。台北。332頁。 高哲彥、吳龍溪。1970。台灣落花生新病害-銹病。科學農業18:393-394。 費雯綺、王玉美。2002。花生銹病,第91-92頁。植物保護手冊-糧食作物病蟲害。費雯綺、王玉美編。行政院藥物毒物試驗所出版,台中。 黃山內。1999。落花生專輯。台南區農業改良場技術專刊第88期。台南區農業改良場出版。40頁。 Agrios, G. N. 2005. Plant disease caused by fungi. Pages 385-614. in: Plant Pathology. G. N. Agrios ed. Elsevier Academic Press, CA. 922 pp. Allen, E. A., Hazen, B. E. Hoch, H. C., Kwon, Y., Leinhos, G. M. E., Staples, R. C., Stumpf, M. A., and Terhune, B. T. 1991. Appressorium formation in response to topographical signals by 27 rust species. Phytopathology 81: 323-331. Bonde, M. R., Melching, J. S., and Bromfield, K. R. 1976. Histology of the suscept-pathogen relationship between Glycine max and Phakopsora pachyrhizi, the cause of soybean rust. Phytopathology 66: 1290-1294. Bose, A and Shaw, M. 1974. Growth of rust fungi of wheat and flax on chemically-defined media. Nature 251: 646-648. Calpouzos, L., Theis, T., Rivera, C. M. and Colberg, C. 1959. Studies on the action of oil in the control of Mycosphaerella musicola on banana leaves. Phytopathology 49: 119-122. Calpouzos, L. 1966. Action of oil in the control of plant disease. Annual Review of Phytopathology 4: 369-386. Cook, M. 1980. Host-parasite relations in uredial infections of peanut by Puccinia arachidis. Phytopathology 70: 822-826. Gowdu, B. J. and Balasubramanian, R. 1993. Biocontrol potential of rust of groundnut by Acremonium obclavatum. Canadian Journal of Botany 71: 639-643. Huang, H. C., and Acharya, S. N. 2003. Advances in plant disease management. Research Signpost. India. 429 pp. Hughes, F. L., Rijkenberg, F. H. J. 1985. Scanning electron microscopy of early infection in the uredial stage of Puccinia sorghi in Zea mays. Plant Pathology 34: 61-68. Jee, H. J., Shim, C. K., Ryu, K. Y., Park, J. H., Lee, B. M., Choi, D. H. and Ryu, G. H. 2009. Control of powdery and downy mildews of cucumber by using cooking oils and yolk mixture. Plant Pathology Journal 25: 280-285. Kiefer, B., Riemann, M. Buche, C., Kassemeyer, H. H., and Nick, P. 2002. The host guides morphoginesis and stomatal targeting in the grapevine pathogen Plasmopara viticola. Planta 215: 387-393. Kishore, G. K. and Pande, S. 2005. Integrated applications of aqueous leaf extract of Datura metel and chlorothalonil improved control of late leaf spot and rust of groundnut. Australasian Plant Pathology 34: 261-264. Ko, W. H., Chase, L. L. and R. K. Kunimoto. 1973. A microsyringe method for determining concentration of fungal propagules. Phytopathology 63: 1206-1207. Ko, W. H., Wang, S. Y., Hsieh, T. F. and Ann, P. J. 2003. Effects of sunflower oil on tomato powdery mildew caused by Oidium neolycopersici. Journal of Phytopathology. 151(3): 144-148. Kolte, S. J. 1984. Peanut Diseases. Pages 23-30 in: Diseases of annual edible oilseed crops. S. J. Kolte ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 143 pp. Lennox, C. L., and Rijkenberg, F. H. J. 1989. Scanning electron microscopy study of infection structure formation of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in host and non-host cereal species. Plant Pathology 38: 547-556. Manjula, K., Kishore, G. K and Podile, A. R. 2004. Whole cells of Bacillus subtilis AF 1 proved more effective than cell-free and chitinase-based formulations in biological control of citrus fruit rot and groundnut rust. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 50: 737-744. Mathivanan, N., Kabilan, V. and Murugesan, K. 1998. Purification, characterization, and antifungal activity of chitinase from Fusarium chlamydosporum, a mycoparasite to groundnut rust, Puccinia arachidis. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 44: 646-651. Mathivanan, N. and Murugesan, K. 2000. Fusarium chlamydosporum, a potent biocontrol agent to groundnut rust, Puccinia arachidis. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 107: 225-234. Molot, P. M, Leroux, J. P. and Ferriere, H. 1987. Les oidiums des cucurbitacees. II. Mise au point d''une technique de conservation des souches en culture axenique. Agronomie 7: 339-343. MotherNature. 2011. Organic Flaxseed Oil Liquid, 16 oz. http://www.mothernature.com (2011/04/21). Northover, J. and Schneider, K. E. 1993. Activity of plant oils on diseases caused by Podosphaera leucotricha, Venturia inaequalis, and Albugo occidentalis. Plant Disease 77: 152-157. Northover, J. and Schneider, K. E. 1996. Physical modes of action of petroleum and plant oils on powdery and downy mildew of grapevines. Plant Disease 80: 544-550. Ohtsuka, N., Nakazawa, Y. 1991. Influence of machine oil on conidia and hyphae of cucumber powdery mildew fungus, Sphaerotheca fuliginea. Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 57, 598-602. Sathiyabama, M. and Balasubramanian, R. 1998. Chitosan induces resistance components in Arachis hypogaea against leaf rust caused by Puccinia arachidis Speg. Crop Protection 17: 307-313. Subrahmanyam, P., Moss, J. P., and Rao, V. R. 1983. Resistance to peanut rust in wild Arachis species. Plant Disease 67: 209-212. Wynn, W. K. 1976. Appressorium formation over stomates by the bean rust fungus response to a surface contact stimulus. Phytopathology 66: 136-146.
摘要: 由Puccinia arachidis所引起的花生銹病在全球花生種植區常造成重大的危害,雖然殺菌劑能夠防治花生銹病,但是對人類健康及環境的負面影響已引起高度關注,遂發展防治花生銹病的替代方法成為當前急迫的課題。在此研究中,將15種食用油在高速攪拌下製成乳化油,並測試對防治花生銹病的能力。結果顯示,15種食用油皆能降低花生銹病之發病率及夏孢子堆數,而亞麻油的效果最佳,其次為花生油及小麥胚芽油。2000 ppm亞麻油能夠完全防治花生銹病,即使降低濃度至500 ppm仍能降低50%以上之花生銹病發病率及夏孢子堆數。亞麻油在花生葉片上至少能夠停留16天,仍能有效降低花生銹病發病率及夏孢子堆數。當接種源濃度介於每微升10-40個夏孢子時,亞麻油仍然能有效降低花生銹病發病率及夏孢子堆數。在溫室試驗中,亞麻油在試驗一能夠完全防治花生銹病,而在試驗二可幾乎完全防治。在田間試驗中,兩次的試驗結果皆顯示亞麻油防治花生銹病的效果與殺菌劑-四氯異苯腈一樣好。接種P. arachidis之夏孢子之前塗佈亞麻油仍然能夠有效防治花生銹病,但接種後再塗佈亞麻油則失去其防治效果,顯示亞麻油為保護劑。在玻片或花生葉片上,亞麻油雖然無法抑制P. arachidis之夏孢子發芽,但是能降低其發芽管長度,並抑制形成附著器。因此亞麻油的作用機制為抑制附著器形成,進而阻止病原菌入侵植物組織,達到防治病害的目的。
The rust disease of peanut caused by Puccinia arachidis is a destructive disease of major economic importance in almost all peanut growing areas of the world. Although several fungicides have been found to give good control of the disease, high concern for adverse effects of pesticides on human health and the environment makes the development of alternative methods for disease management an urgent need. In this study, 15 edible oils were emulsified by high speed trituration and tested for their ability to control peanut rust. Result showed that all the edible oils tested were able to reduce the rust incidence and pustule number. Among them, flaxseed oil was best followed by peanut oil and wheat germ oil. At 2000 ppm, flaxseed oil suppressed the disease development completely. Even at 500 ppm, flaxseed oil was able to reduce the rust incidence and pustule number more than 50%. Ability of flaxseed oil to reduce rust incidence and pustule number after being applied to peanut leaves remained unchanged for 16 days, the longest time tested. Flaxseed oil on peanut leaves was very effective in reducing rust disease at the inoculum concentrations ranging from 10 to 40 urediospores/μl. In the greenhouse trials, flaxseed oil at 2000 ppm completely suppressed the rust in Exp. 1 and nearly completely in Exp. 2. In the field trials, flaxseed oil was as effective as the fungicide chlorothalonil in the control of peanut rust in both Exp. 1 and Exp. 2. Flaxseed oil was effective in rust control when applied to peanut leaves before inoculation but not after inoculation, indicating that it functions as a protectant. On glass slide and peanut leaves, flaxseed oil did not inhibit germination, but reduced germ tube length and prevent appressorium formation. Therefore, the mode of action of flaxseed oil is prevention of appressorium formation which in turn prevents the penetration of the rust fungus into the host tissue.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30957
其他識別: U0005-0808201111331000
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0808201111331000
Appears in Collections:植物病理學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.