Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3116
標題: 磷系共聚酯與含有雙羥基聚醯亞胺之合成與性質之研究
Synthesis and properties of phosphorus-containing copolyesters and dihydroxy-containing polyimides.
作者: 黃竹鳴
Huang, Chu-Ming
關鍵字: 聚酯
polyester
聚醯亞胺
羥基
polyimide
hydroxy
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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摘要: 1.第一部分實驗是利用DOPO以三步法的方式合成新穎含磷乙醯氧基苯甲酸(3)。並且利用單體(3)上乙醯氧基與羧酸兩種官能基,與PET進行酯交換與聚縮合反應形成含磷共聚酯。隨著含磷乙醯氧基苯甲酸(3)的導入,可提升PET的玻璃轉移溫度與難燃性。 2.第二部分實驗是合成不對稱含有甲氧基二胺單體(3),是由不對稱單體(1)和4-chloronitrobenzene進行芳香親核取代反應,生成單硝化合物後,再以聯胺與Pd/C催化還原反應而得到。將合成雙胺單體與市售二酸酐溶於NMP/Xylene中進行反應,經由熱閉環聚縮合可得3系列含甲氧基聚醯亞胺,再將3系列藉由吡啶鹽酸鹽去除甲基形成4系列含羥基聚醯亞胺。兩種系列均有不錯的可撓曲性與尺寸安定性,並且利用DMA、DSC測定之玻璃轉移溫度分別介於252-293oC、224-305oC之間。由TGA之分析,在氮氣中之5%重量損失及800 oC之焦炭殘餘率(char yield)分別為439-457oC和50-58wt%之間。
1.Part I. A new phosphinated acetoxybenzoic acid, 1-(4-acetoxyphenyl)-1-(4- carboxylphenyl)-1- (6-oxido-6H -dibenz <c,e><1,2> oxaphosphorin -6-yl)ethane (3), was prepared by a three-step procedure from 9, 10- dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene 10-oxide (DOPO). Copolyesters were prepared by the acidolysis of poly(ethylene terephthalate) with (3), and polycondensation through the acetate and carboxyl groups. The Tg and flame resistance of PET were enhanced with the incorporation of the phosphinated aceoxybenzoic acid. 2.Part II. A methoxy-containing diamine (3) was prepared through the nucleophilic aromatic substitution of an unsymmetric diamimne (1) and 4-chloronotrobenzene, followed by hydrazine-catalyzed reduction. The methoxy-containing polyimides (3a-3c) were synthesized by the solution polymerization of (3) and three dianhydrides (ODPA, BAPP, and 6FDA) in NMP/xylenes. The hydroxyl-containing polyimides (4a-4c) were prepared by the demethylation of (3a-3c) in the presence of pyridine hydrochloride. The hydroxyl-containing polyimides exhibit higher Tg and better dimensional stability than the methoxy-containing polyimides.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3116
其他識別: U0005-0108201314114900
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0108201314114900
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