Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3117
標題: 磷系多官能benzoxazine型之合成及其固化物之探討
synthesis of phosphorus-containing multifunctional benzoxazine and thermal properties of the resulting thermosets
作者: 戴嵻宏
Dai, Kang-Hong
關鍵字: 磷系多官能
phosphorus-containing multifunctional
環氧樹脂
benzoxazin
eepoxy
出版社: 化學工程學系所
引用: 1. 謝正悅,林慶炫,王春山,科學發展月刊,第28卷第11期,八 十九年九月。 2. Wang, T. S.;Yeh, J. F.;Shau, M. D. J. Appl. Polym.Sci. ,1996,59,215. 3. Liu,Y.L.;Hsiue,G.H;Lee,R.H.;Chiu,Y.S.J Appl Polym Sci 1997, 63, 895 4. Lin, C.H.;Wang, C.S. Polymer. 2001, 42,1869. 5. Cai, S.X.;Lin, C.H. J. Polym. Sci.:Part A: Polym. Chem. 2005, 43, 2862. 6. Holly, F. W.; Cope, C. J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 1944, 66, 1875. 7. Burke, W. J. J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 609. 8. Ning, X.;Ishida, H. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 1994,32,1121. 9. Brunovska, Z.;Ishida, H.;Liu, J.P. Macromol. Chem. Phys. 1999, 200,1745. 10. Lin, C.H. ; Chang, S.L. , Shen, T.Y.; Shih, Y.S.; Lin, H.T.; Wang, C.F. Polym. Chem., 2012, 3, 935. 11. Lin, C.H.;Lin,H.T.;Chang,S.H.;Hwang,H.J.;Hu,Y.M, ,Chiung Taso,Y.R. , Su,W,H, Polym.,2009, 50,2264. 12. 田諭瑋,” 含芴官能基的Benzoxazine與多官能磷系環氧樹脂硬化劑之合成”,中興大學碩士論文,民國100. 13. Shieh, J.Y.; Yang, S.P.; Wu, M.F.; Wang, C.S. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2004, 42, 2589. 14. Liu,C;Shen,D. ; Sebastian, R.M. ; Marquet, J. ; Schonfeld R. Macromol. , 2011, 44, 4616. 15. Wang X.;Chen F.;Gu Y. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. , 2011,49, 1443. 16. Liu Y. L. Polym. ,2001,42,3445. 17. DCI corporation,US2013/0040147,2013 18. Marvel, C.S; Tarkoy, N. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 1957, 59, 6000. 19. Lin, C.H. ; Feng Y.R., Dai K.H., Chang H. C., Juang T. Y.Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem.2013 ,51, 2686 20. 彭筱萍,”新型多官能環氧樹脂硬化劑之合成及其固化物之特性,中興大學碩士論文,民國99.
摘要: PART I 我們以P-BPN-3、P-BPN-5加入paraformaldehyde以及aniline利用Toluene/Ethanol(2:1)為溶劑,以一步法合成出P-BPN-3-BZ、P-BPN-5-BZ具有含磷多官能benzoxazine化合物,因為苯環上鄰位受亞甲基(-CH2-)阻擋,由FTIR追蹤推測出不同的開環聚合型式。利用DMA、TGA來探討3-BZ、5-BZ自身固化系統,以及各硬化劑與環氧樹脂 (DGEBA、CNE)固化系統機械性質與熱性質分析,並探討固化物介電性質及耐燃性質。 PART II 我們成功以D2HB、DOPO利用Toluene為溶劑合成出P-D2HB新穎雙官能酚基化合物,而且為一個diastereomers。以P-D2HB與DGEBA在TPP的催化下,合成改質出磷含量1.0%、1.5%、2.0%的化合物PD-D(1.0、1.5、2.0),以環氧滴定鑑定,並與DDS硬化劑,以當量比1:1固化,所得固化物與DGEBA/DDS固化物進行機械性質與熱性質比較,PD-D(1.0、1.5、2.0)/DDS玻璃轉移溫度還可以維持160℃以上,熱膨脹係數(CTE)維持在58~70 ppm/oC,由UL-94難燃測試,PD-D(1.0、1.5、2.0)/DDS都有優異的難燃特性。
PART I We have successfully synthesized phosphorus-containing multifunctional benzoxazine, P-BPA-3b-BZ and P-BPA-5b-BZ by one-pot approach using toluene/ethanol (2/1) as solvent. Ring-opening polymerization types of curing systems were tracked by FTIR. The mechanical property, thermal stability, electrical property and flame retardancy of thermoset systems cured by various BZs with epoxy resins (DGEBA or CNE) were analyzed DMA, TGA, impedance analyzer and UL 94 flame rating. PART II A novel difunctional phenolic diastereomer, P-D2HB, from D2HB and DOPO, was successfully synthesized by using toluene as solvent. Catalyzed by TPP, various PD-D(1.0、1.5、2.0) with different phosphorus contents(1.0%、1.5%、2.0% )were synthesized from P-D2HB and DGEBA, and were characterized by epoxy titration method. All thermoset systems cured from PD-D with DDS demonstrated excellent properties in Tg(160℃up), CTE(58~70 ppm/oC) and flame retardancy.  
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3117
其他識別: U0005-0108201311350900
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0108201311350900
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