Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/31344
標題: 臺灣的膠衣科地衣
The Lichenized Family Collemataceae in Taiwan
作者: 陳科廷
Chen, Ke-Ting
關鍵字: Lichen
地衣
Collemataceae
Collema,
Leptogium
Physma
膠衣科
Collema
Leptogium
Physma
出版社: 植物病理學系所
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Journal of Japanese Botany 12(4):250-255. Awasthi, D.D. and Akhtar, P. 1979. The lichen genus Leptogium (sects. Leptogium, Leptogiopsis and Homodium) in India. Geophylology 8(2):189-204. Bordo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D., and Sharnoff, S. 2001. Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn. Degelius, G. 1954. The lichen genus Collema in Europe. Symb. hot. upsal. 13(2): 1-499. Degelius, G. 1974. The lichen genus Collema with special reference to the extra-European species. Symb. hot. upsal. 20(2): 1-215. Eldridge, D.J. 2001. Biological soil crusts of Austria. In Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, Ecological Studies 150 (J. Belnap & O. L. Lange, eds). Springer-Verlag. Berlin. Eldridge, D.J. and Tozer, M.E. 1997. A practical guide to soil lichens and bryophytes of Australia’s dry country. Sydney: Department of Land and water conservation. Galloway, D.J. 1999. Notes on the lichen genus Leptogium (Collemataceae, Ascomycota) in New Zealand. Nova Hedwigia 69(3-4): 317-355. Henssen, A. 1965. A review of the genera of the Collemataceae with simple spores (excluding Physma). Lichenologist 3:29-41. Kirk, P.M., Cannon, P.F., David, J.C., and Stalpers, J.A. 2001. Dictionary of the Fungi. 9th edn. Wallingford, UK. CABI Publishing. Jørgensen, P. M. 1994. Further notes on European taxa of the lichen genus Leptogium with emphasis on the small species. Lichenologist 26(1): 1-29. Jørgensen, P. M. 1997. Further notes on hairy Leptogium species. Symb. Bot. Ups. 32(1): 113-130. Jørgensen, P.M. and Aptroot, A. 2002. The lichen Physma hondoanum Asah. discovered in Taiwan. Lichenologist 34(5): 441-442. Jørgensen, P.M. and Kashiwadani, H. 2008. Leptogium loriforme P.M. Jørg. & Kashiw., a new hairy species form Papua New Guinea. Lichenologist 40(2): 123-125. Jørgensen, P.M. and James, P.W. 1983. Studies on some Leptogium species of Western Europe. Lichenologist 15(2): 109-125. Jørgensen, P. M. and Tønsberg, T. 1999. Notes on some small species of Leptogium from Pacific North America. The Bryologist 102(3): 412-417. Lee, J.S., Lee, H.K., Hur, J.S., Andreev, M. and Hong, S.G. 2008. Diversity of lichenized fungi in King Gorge Island, Antarctica, revealed by phylogenetic analysis of partial large subunit rDNA sequences. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 18(6): 1016-1023. Otálora, M.A.G., Aragón, G., Martínez, I. and Molina, M.C. 2004. A new corticolous species of Leptogium (Collemataceae) from Spain. The Lichenologist 36(3&4): 197-202. Otálora, M.A.G., Martínez, I., Molina, M.C. and Aragón, G., 2008. Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of the Leptogium lichenoides group (Collemataceae, Ascomycota) in Europe. Taxon 57(3): 907-921. Scutari, N.C., Bertiller, M.B. and Carrera, A.L. 2004. Soil-associated lichens in rangelands of north-eastern Patagonia. Lichen groups and species with potential as bioindicator of grazing disturbance. Lichenologist 36(6): 405-412 Sierk, H.A. 1964. The genus Leptogium in North America North of Mexico. Bryologist 67: 245-317. Swinscow, T.D.V. and Krog, H. 1986. A new species in the genus Collema from east Africa. Lichenologist 18(1): 63-70. Verdon, F.R.M. 1992. Leptogium. Flora of Australia 54: 173-192. Watanabe, A. 1960. List of algal strains in collection at the Institute of Applied Microbiology, University of Tokyo. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 6: 283-262. Webster, J. and Weber, R.W.S. 2007. Introduction to Fungi. 3rd edn. Cambridge, New York. Wiklund, E. and Wedin, M. 2003. The phylogenetic relationships of the cyanobacterial lichens in the Lecanorales suborder Peltigerineae. Cladistics (19): 419-431. Yang, W.J.R. and Lai, M.J. 1973. A checklist of the lichens of Taiwan. Taiwania 18(1): 83-104. Yang, W.J.R. and Lai, M.J. 1976. Additions and corrections to the lichen flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 21 (2): 226-228 Yoshimura, I., Yamamoto, Y., Nakano, Y. and Finnie, J. 2002. Isolation and culture of lichen photobionts and mycobionts. Pages 3-33 in: Protocols in Lichenology: culturing, biochemistry, ecophysiology, and use in biomonitoring. Springer, Berlin; New York. Zahlbrückner, A. 1926. Flechten (Lichen) B. Spezieller Teil. In Engler & Prantl. Die naturlichen Planzenfamilien, 2nd edn., Band B, Lepzig.
摘要: 地衣為藻類與真菌之共生體,而膠衣科地衣之共生藻類皆為藍綠菌,非一般之綠藻,以至於其外觀形態皆呈膠狀。本研究為探討台灣膠衣科地衣之多樣性,從2007年11月至2009年4月間,總共收集到21種膠衣科地衣,包含7種Collema,為C. leptaleum、C. pulchellum var. subnigrescens、C. rugosum、C. tenax var. ogatae,及3種尚未確定種名,其中C. rugosum為台灣的新紀錄種,13種Leptogium,為L. arisanense、L. azureum、L. burgessii、L. burnetii、L. cochleatum、L. cyanescens、L. denticulatum、L. laceroides、L. pichneum、L. rugosum、L. sessile、L. tenuissimum、L. trichophorum,其中L. burgessii、L. rugosum、L. tenuissimum為臺灣的新紀錄種,以及1種尚未確定種名的Physma。而台灣曾記載之膠衣科地衣中尚有21種未在本研究中發現。對於所採集到之種類,皆對其可作為辨認之特徵進行觀察、描述與照相,包括地衣體、裂芽、子囊盤、子囊、子囊孢子等特徵,以期能提供鑑定此類地衣之完整資訊。
Lichen is a symbiotic association of a fungus with a green alga or cyanobacterium. The classification of lichen is solely based on the fungal component. The lichenized family Collemataceae is characterized by having a soft gelatinous (when wet) thallus with a nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium as the photobiont component belonging to the genus Nostoc. The aim of this study is to survey the diversity of lichenized family Collemataceae in Taiwan. During the course of study from November 2007 to April 2009, twenty one species of Collemataceae were found. There are 7 species of Collema, including C. leptaleum, C. pulchellum var. subnigrescens, C. rugosum, C. tenax var. ogatae, and three unidentified Collema species, and 13 species of Leptogium, including L. arisanense, L. azureum, L. burgessii, L. burnetii, L. cochleatum, L. cyanescens, L. denticulatum, L. laceroides, L. pichneum, L. rugosum, L. sessile, L. tenuissimum, and L. trichophorum, and one unidentified Physma species. Among these species, C. rugosum, L. burgessii, L. rugosum and L. tenuissimum are first reported in Taiwan. There are still 21 species of Collemataceae previously reported not being obtained in this study. For the species obtained in this study, all the discernible characters, such as thallus, isidia, apothecia, asci and ascospores were observed, described and photographed. It is expected that a full guideline of Collemataceae identification can be established.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/31344
其他識別: U0005-2108200918392700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2108200918392700
Appears in Collections:植物病理學系

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