Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3170
標題: 以相間轉移催化反應在固-液相系統合成醯亞胺類之研究
Synthesis of Inimides via Phase-Transfer Catalysis in Solid-Liquid System
作者: 陳冠霖
Chen, Kuan-Lin
關鍵字: 相間轉移觸媒
Phase – transfer catalyst
固-液相
琥珀醯亞胺
氮烷化反應
Solid – liquid phase
succinimide
N-alkylation
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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摘要: 本論文研究目的主要探討合成醯亞胺類之相間轉移觸媒催化反應,其氮原子上的烷化反應在自然界中,含有許多氮原子的生物鹼,而這些生物鹼常常被應用在特殊的生化活性、化妝品及醫學藥品上。 研究以相間轉移觸媒於固-液相中進行催化反應,以琥珀醯亞胺為固相反應物分別以溴化苯甲基與溴化苯乙基為有機相反應物在少量之氫氧化鉀、添加有機溶劑及無水的狀態下進行催化有機化合物氮烷化反應,並利用相間轉移觸媒進行合成產物N-苯甲基琥珀醯亞胺與N-苯乙基琥珀醯亞胺。本實驗使用觸媒為溴化苯甲基三丁基銨(BTBAB),以此觸媒探討批式反應操作變因及其對反應性造成的影響,並且從中找出最適當的反應條件且提出適當的反應機制與反應動力學模式。操作變因包括攪拌速率、水用量、氫氧化鉀用量、反應溫度、觸媒種類、相間轉移觸媒添加量、超音波效應、不同有機溶劑等變因作催化反應探討。 在本系統中,攪拌速率400rpm時產率有最大值,以溴化苯甲基為有機相反應物產率可以到達94%。當使用高極性的溶劑如甲基異丁基酮會有最佳的催化效果,以溴化苯甲基與溴化苯乙基當作有機相反應物時產率分別為94%及98%。顯示溶劑極性的高低對產率影響很大。反應過程中隨著產物的生成,則同時有副產物溴化鉀鹽類的生成,其實驗結果可由虛擬一階線性方程式表示之。以甲基異丁基酮為溶劑經Arrhenius方程式計算以溴化苯甲基與溴化苯乙基當作有機相反應物時的活化能分別為8.22kcal/mol與17.14kcal/mol。
The objective of this thesis is to investigate the reactions for the synthesis of inimide products via phase transfer catalysis. The N-alkylation in the succinimide compounds contain many alkaloids which can be applied to several special bioactivities, cosmestic chemicals and pharmaceutical drugs. The study was to use succinimide , benzyl bromide and ethyl bromide to synthesis N-benzyl succinimide and N-phenethyl succinimide with in a small amount of potassium hydroxide, adding an organic solvent but without water by phase transfer catalyst in solid-liquid phase. Using BTBAB as catalyst in this experiment, the catalytic activity in the batch reactor was investigated to find out the most suitable reaction conditions, to propose appropriate reaction mechanism and kinetic modes. The operating parameters included agitation speed, quantities of catalyst, quantities of water, quantities of potassium hydroxide, types of organic solvents, types of catalyst, temperature effect, and ultrasonic effect. In this system, when the agitation speed was 400 rpm using benzyl bromide as the organic reactant, the yield was 94%. With methyl isobutyl ketone as solvent , the higher catalytic effect was achieved, indicating that the level of solvent polarity had great influence on the yield, ,which could reached 94% and 98% for using benzyl bromide and ethyl bromide as the organic reactant. With the course of the reaction, the byproduct potassium bromide was generated, and the activation energy using methyl isobutyl ketone by Arrhenius’s equation could obtain 8.22kcal/mol and 17.14 kcal/mol, for using benzyl bromide and ethyl bromide as the organic reactant, respectively.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3170
其他識別: U0005-2606201320545900
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2606201320545900
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