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標題: 側鏈含2,2’-亞甲基雙苯並噻唑之共軛高分子合成及其在太陽能電池應用研究
Polythiophene-Based Conjugated Copolymers Comprising Dibenzo[d]thiazol-2-ylmethane Pendant for Photovoltaic Applications
作者: 李佳娜
Lee, Chia-Na
關鍵字: 太陽能
solar cell
conjugated copolymers
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究主鏈分別選用烷基取代的共軛噻吩(Thiophene, T)與芴(Fluorene, F),側鏈導入拉電子基團2,2’-亞甲基雙苯並噻唑(Dibenzo[d]thiazol-2-ylmethane, DBT)經Stille coupling反應聚合一系列低能隙之P型共軛高分子。探討並比較噻吩與芴之間共軛穩定性不同的差異。此系列之共軛高分子皆可溶於一般有機溶劑,且具備良好熱穩定性。 由紫外光-可見光光譜發現,三噻吩系列材料之光譜吸收範圍較芴系列高分子為寬,並有效調整HOMO能階在理想範圍內(-5.2~ -5.8 eV)。 進一步將共軛噻吩系列之高分子製備成順式(Conventional)與反式(Inverted)元件結構之太陽能電池,高分子在光伏性質表現上,開路電壓介於0.41~ 0.76 V,短路電流密度介於2.86 ~ 7.67 mA/cm2,填充因子介於0.29 ~ 0.35之間。其中以順式元件共軛高分子PTDBT/PC71BM(w/w = 1/2.5)經100 ℃熱處理製備之太陽能電池具有最高光電轉換效率為1.55 %,其開路電壓為0.67 V,短路電流為7.67 mA/cm2,填充因子為0.30。
A series of low-band gap of P-type conjugated polymers via Stille coupling reactions. The main chain is selected containing alkyl-substituted conjugated thiophene and fluorene, and side chain import electron- withdrawing group Dibenzo[d]thiazol 2-ylmethane(DBT). Comparative conjugated different stability differences between the thiophene and fluorene. All polymers exhibited good solubility in common organic solvents, and have good thermal stability. A red-shift of UV-vis absorption band was observed for the polythiophene, and successfully control the HOMO energy levels within the ideal range(-5.2 ~ -5.8 eV). Further conjugated thiophene series of polymer prepared cis and trans device structure of solar cells. In the photovoltaic properties of the open-circuit voltage(Voc)is between 0.41 ~ 0.76 V, short-circuit current (Jsc)is between 2.86 ~ 7.67 mA/cm2, fill factor(FF)is between 0.29 ~ 0.35. Wherein the conjugated polymer PTDBT/PC71BM(w/w = 1/2.5)via 100℃ annealing, the prepared solar cells having the best performance was achieved in the following: a photoelectric conversion efficiency (PCE) of 1.55%, a Voc of 0.67 V, Jsc of 7.67 mA/cm2, and a FF of 0.3 under illumination of AM 1.5, 100 mW/cm2.
其他識別: U0005-1806201310392600
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