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dc.contributorRong-Ho Leeen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, Chia-Naen_US
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dc.description.abstract本研究主鏈分別選用烷基取代的共軛噻吩(Thiophene, T)與芴(Fluorene, F),側鏈導入拉電子基團2,2’-亞甲基雙苯並噻唑(Dibenzo[d]thiazol-2-ylmethane, DBT)經Stille coupling反應聚合一系列低能隙之P型共軛高分子。探討並比較噻吩與芴之間共軛穩定性不同的差異。此系列之共軛高分子皆可溶於一般有機溶劑,且具備良好熱穩定性。 由紫外光-可見光光譜發現,三噻吩系列材料之光譜吸收範圍較芴系列高分子為寬,並有效調整HOMO能階在理想範圍內(-5.2~ -5.8 eV)。 進一步將共軛噻吩系列之高分子製備成順式(Conventional)與反式(Inverted)元件結構之太陽能電池,高分子在光伏性質表現上,開路電壓介於0.41~ 0.76 V,短路電流密度介於2.86 ~ 7.67 mA/cm2,填充因子介於0.29 ~ 0.35之間。其中以順式元件共軛高分子PTDBT/PC71BM(w/w = 1/2.5)經100 ℃熱處理製備之太陽能電池具有最高光電轉換效率為1.55 %,其開路電壓為0.67 V,短路電流為7.67 mA/cm2,填充因子為0.30。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractA series of low-band gap of P-type conjugated polymers via Stille coupling reactions. The main chain is selected containing alkyl-substituted conjugated thiophene and fluorene, and side chain import electron- withdrawing group Dibenzo[d]thiazol 2-ylmethane(DBT). Comparative conjugated different stability differences between the thiophene and fluorene. All polymers exhibited good solubility in common organic solvents, and have good thermal stability. A red-shift of UV-vis absorption band was observed for the polythiophene, and successfully control the HOMO energy levels within the ideal range(-5.2 ~ -5.8 eV). Further conjugated thiophene series of polymer prepared cis and trans device structure of solar cells. In the photovoltaic properties of the open-circuit voltage(Voc)is between 0.41 ~ 0.76 V, short-circuit current (Jsc)is between 2.86 ~ 7.67 mA/cm2, fill factor(FF)is between 0.29 ~ 0.35. Wherein the conjugated polymer PTDBT/PC71BM(w/w = 1/2.5)via 100℃ annealing, the prepared solar cells having the best performance was achieved in the following: a photoelectric conversion efficiency (PCE) of 1.55%, a Voc of 0.67 V, Jsc of 7.67 mA/cm2, and a FF of 0.3 under illumination of AM 1.5, 100 mW/cm2.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents誌謝 I 摘要 II Abstract III 表目錄 VI 圖目錄 VII 公式目錄 X 第一章 緒論 1 1.1 前言 1 1.2 太陽能發展歷史與有機太陽能電池的優勢與分類 4 1.3 太陽光頻譜與太陽能電池特性參數 11 1.4 有機高分子太陽能電池工作原理 14 1.5 高分子太陽能電池結構演進 17 第二章 文獻回顧與研究動機 19 2.1 能隙的調控 21 2.2 材料能階與元件開路電壓的關係 25 2.3 降低材料HOMO能階 27 2.4 提升材料載子傳輸能力 28 2.5 增進材料與碳球衍生物的奈米尺度混摻相位 30 2.6 研究動機 32 第三章 實驗內容 35 3.1 使用藥品與溶劑 35 3.2 使用儀器 38 3.3 合成流程 42 第四章 結果與討論 60 4.1 共軛高分子基本特性 60 4.2 光學特性 64 4.3 電化學特性 70 4.4 元件光伏特性質分析 72 第五章 結論 74 參考文獻 75 附錄 83zh_TW
dc.subjectsolar cellen_US
dc.subjectconjugated copolymersen_US
dc.titlePolythiophene-Based Conjugated Copolymers Comprising Dibenzo[d]thiazol-2-ylmethane Pendant for Photovoltaic Applicationsen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
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