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標題: Run through the Jungle:Uncanny Domesticity and theWoman of Shame in Jessica Hagedorn’sDream Jungle
作者: Chen, Shu-ching
關鍵字: 詭異
摘要: This paper investigates the uncanniness of the decolonizing projects conducted by the local and global agents in Jessica Hagedorn’s Dream Jungle to accentuate the spectral afterlife of imperialism that haunts the Asia-Pacific in the age of globalization. Linking the uncanniness of the jungle with the formation of the subjugated and subjectivized body of the Filipina, the paper argues that the uncanny projects of nation-building and failed attempts of decolonization mark the beginning of the impoverishment of the Philippines in the restructuring of global capitalism in the 1980s. The outcome of the impoverishment is especially acute for Filipinas, for they are the group that bears the brunt of the economic change in the Philippines. My reading of the text consists of two parts. In the first part I draw upon Amy Kaplan’s conceptualization of “manifest domesticity” and the Freudian concept of the uncanny to examine the Filipino male characters’ nation-building and domestic managements, as well as the neocolonial tendency that belies America’s self-reflection on its overseas expansion in the Asia-Pacific, which I call “uncanny domesticity.” In the second part I trace the lower class female character Rizalina’s life story to analyze the way in which she is biopolitically produced to serve as a provider of sexual and affective labor. I explore the outcome of the process in which her sex and affect are commodified to conceptualize her as a subject of shame and suggest that, despite its excruciating effect, shame has the positive force of motivating the subject to run away from the intimate governance of uncanny domesticity. In this sense, running away destabilizes the power structures at home, while drawing a unique trajectory of global mobility.
本論文討論潔西卡‧海格彤《夢叢林》小說中,在地與全球人士所從事 的抵殖民大業如何呈現ㄧ種詭異性,藉以強調亞太全球化過程中縈繞不去的 帝國主義餘緒。本文連結叢林的詭異性與菲律賓女性通過屈從來進行主體化 的過程,主張國家建構及抵殖民大業的功敗垂成,標誌著八零年代菲律賓在 全球資本主義結構變動中,國家體質一落千丈的開端。而國家的衰敗,首當 其衝的是菲律賓的下層女性。本文分兩部分,首先我援用艾美‧卡普蘭(Amy Kaplan)所謂的「天命家帝國」(manifest domesticity), 13 以及佛洛伊德的「詭異」 (uncanny)概念,來檢視菲律賓男性角色的國家建構所包含的家務管理,以及 美國在反省其亞太擴張之餘,所進行的新殖民,我稱這些大業為「詭異家帝 國」(uncanny domesticity)。第二部分轉向小說中下層女性角色莉娜(Rizalina)故 事的探討,分析她如何透過親密政治的形塑,被生產為性勞力與情感勞力的 提供者,並討論她成為羞恥主體的過程,但羞恥同時也產生正向的動力,驅 使主體不斷逃家,逃脫家帝國的親密規訓治理,這種結局開放的移動鬆動了 「家」的權力結構,也拉出ㄧ道獨特的全球移動軌跡。
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