Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3250
標題: 聚苯乙烯/脫脂米糠顆粒混合基材薄膜之製備與其染料吸附應用
Preparation of Polystyrene/Defatted Rice Bran Particles Mixed Matrix Membranes for Adsorption of Dyes
作者: 黨鈺銘
Dang, Yu-Ming
關鍵字: 聚苯乙烯
Polystryene
脫脂米糠顆粒
混合基材薄膜
陽離子染料
陰離子染料
Defatted rice bran particles
Mixed Matrix Membranes
Cationic dyes
Anionic dyes
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究利用碾米廠取得之脫脂米糠前處理成吸附材後,以保麗龍球(聚苯乙烯, PS)為高分子基材摻混20 wt.%的脫脂米糠顆粒(顆粒大小為1-45 μm)製備成多孔洞吸附性混合基材薄膜(Mixed Matrix Membrane, MMM),厚度為158-165 μm,而陽離子交換容量為594±16.5 μmol/g及陰離子交換容量為235.3±13.4 μmol/g。所製備的混合基材薄膜應用於陽離子染料(Methyl Violet 2B、Malachite green oxalate) 及陰離子染料(Cibacron Brilliant Red 3B-A、Cibacron Blue 3GA)的吸附/脫附程序。以吸附劑之表面電位及染料之解離程度來加以研究及探討吸附條件。由實驗結果得知:批次程序中脫脂米糠顆粒及混合基材薄膜之吸附平衡時間分別為12及48小時,且可得知各染料吸附最適pH值為MV:pH 9、MGO:pH 7、CBR:pH 3及CB:pH 3。由批次脫附實驗結果得知:以40 %甲醇為溶劑之1 M KCl(v/v)為最佳脫附液,各個染料所得脫附率約80%以上。而流動程序中,以流量1 mL/min進行吸附,測試直徑47 mm圓片之薄膜模組的效率。以5 ppm為進料濃度,放入一片薄膜(圓片:bed volume = 0.28 mL),由實驗結果得知:貫穿點為7-25 mL(25-90倍bed volume)。 混合染料流動程序中以10 mL,5 ppm MGO + 5 ppm CBR,pH 7混合染料以流量1 mL/min流經模組一吸附MGO;因模組二吸附CBR,以0.01 N,pH 2之HCl水溶液為調整pH至CBR最適吸附條件以流量1 mL/min進料流經10 min進行吸附,由實驗結果可得知進料經由兩個模組及調pH值後,吸附率為MGO:90%及CBR:65%,結果與批次吸附結果比較得知吸附率相近,此流動程序與批次吸附效果可達到相當吸附率。
The removal of cationic dyes (Methyl Violet 2B, Malachite green oxalate) and anionic dyes (Cibacron Brilliant Red 3B-A, Cibacron Blue 3GA), from water using porous defatted rice bran particle mixed matrix membranes were successfully prepared by entrapment method in this study. One approach was to mix commercial polystyrene polymer with defatted rice bran particle in solvent for membrane preparation, mixed matrix membranes(with carboxylic acid group and amino group)The mixed matrix membranes of cationic exchange capacity and anionic exchange capacity are 660±16.5 μmol/g and 240.9±13.4 μmol/g that was investigated in this study. In the batch process, the adsorption isotherm results show that the paticle and mixed matrix membranes which the equilibrium of adsorption are 12 hr and 48 hr in the adsorption of dyes . Different desorption solutions were tested in the batch desorption process, and for both membranes, the best desorption performance(~90%) was achieved with an aqueous solution containing 1M KCl in 40% methanol(v/v). In the flow process with one piece of 47 mm diameter mixed matrix membrane at a flow rate of 1 mL/min, and can find the breakthrough points that is 7-25 mL (25-90 times bed volume).And the mixture solution (CBR and MGO) in the flow system adjusted the pH value and the membranes could select the adsorption of cationic or anion dyes. The results of mixture adsorption were 90 % with MGO and 65 % with CBR.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3250
其他識別: U0005-2908201313131300
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2908201313131300
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