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標題: Highly virulent Photobacterium damselae subsp piscicida isolated from Taiwan paradise fish, Macropodus opercularis (L.), in Taiwan
作者: Liu, Pan-Chen
Hung, Shao-Wen
Chen, Ming-Hui
Cheng, Ching-Fu
Lin, Cheng-Chung
Chang, Chen-Hsuan
Lin, Shiun-Long
Tu, Ching-Yu
Lin, Yu-Hsing
Wang, Way-Shyan
關鍵字: Conservation
Taiwan paradise fish
摘要: In Taiwan, a fish conservation farm had about 6,250 Taiwan paradise fishes, Macropodus opercularis (L.), which were separately cultivated in an outdoor tank containing 3,250 fishes, and an indoor tank containing the rest. The water supplying both tanks was the same running water source from the adjacent hills. Following a change in the fish feed (the commercial aquaculture feed became eel's feed) to all fishes in May 2010, rotten body surfaces were only found in diseased and dead fishes in the outdoor tank. Interestingly, no sick fishes were found in the indoor tank. The clinical findings of the diseased fishes were bleeding at basal fins, peripheral site of genital pore, and bilateral surface of the abdomen. Additionally, we discovered whitish-mucus gills, edema of the intestines, and multi-focal white tubercles in infected fishes during gross examination. The results of the histopathology study showed that there were numerous multi-focal granulomas in the spleen, posterior kidney, and liver. Furthermore, Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida was isolated from lesions of the ailing fishes. We conducted an experimental animal virulence test, and our data revealed that P. damselae subsp. piscicida was a highly virulent pathogen. Fortunately, P. damselae subsp. piscicida appeared to be susceptible to most commonly used antimicrobial agents, according to the results of the antibiotic sensitivity study. We recommended a treatment with oxolinic acid (20 mg/kg/day) in the feed for 7 days for all Taiwan paradise fishes. The fishes' condition significantly improved and the disease appeared to be controlled.
ISSN: 1996-0808
Appears in Collections:獸醫學系所



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