Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33040
標題: 以枯枝落葉製成之生物碳對土壤改良之研究
A Study on the Amendment of Biochar Derived from Plant Residue on Soil
作者: 許靖男
Hsu, Ching-Nan
關鍵字: 土壤改良
Soil improvement
生物碳
保肥力
保水力
團粒穩定
Biochar
Fertility
Water retention capacity
Soil stability
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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摘要: 本研究之目的在以枯枝落葉製成之生物碳改良土壤之效果,分別添加0.5%、1%、1.5%及2%等不同重量百分濃度之生物碳於高雄黃壤中,藉由原土加碳、風乾加碳等不同改良方式及分別養置7天、1個月、3個月等不同養置時間,探討添加生物碳後對於土壤保肥能力、保水能力及穩定性之影響。 經由實驗後發現原土加碳改良其效果普遍比風乾加碳明顯,且當添加2%生物碳對土壤保肥能力增加最多,其有機質含量由1.22%增加至3.51%、pH值由3.86增加至4.85、零電點由3.59降低至3.43、比表面積由4.746(m2/g)增加至7.946(m2/g),與對照組相比較後可發現添加2%生物碳對於保肥能力有顯著的增加。於保水能力分析中,實驗結果顯示當添加2%生物碳後,其田間容水量(1/3bar)由0.175%增加至0.245%,在適合植物生長的有效水分含量(1/3bar~15bar)範圍中,添加生物碳後與對照組相較之下其水分含量有顯著增加、而在飽和水力傳導度實驗中則是當添加0.5%時由0.00113(cm/sec)增加至0.00117(cm/sec),雖有增加之趨勢,但效果並不明顯。於土壤穩定度實驗中,則是添加1.5%時其幾何平均粒徑為1.3124mm,與對照組0.6790mm相比雖有顯著增加,但其增加幅度並不明顯,因此添加生物碳對於改良土壤之團粒穩定性並無明顯之改善。 綜合結果可發現利用生物碳改良土壤對於土壤保肥及保水能力皆有明顯改變,但對於土壤團粒穩定及飽和水力傳導度則沒有太大差異。因此,利用生物碳進行土壤改良其化學肥力改良優於物理性改良。
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of biochar soil amendment drived from plant residue. Respectively 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, and 2% of weight percentage concentration biochar were added Kaoshiung yellow soil, with different improvment methods and different incubation time, to study soil fertility, water retention capacity and soil stability changes. Experimental results indicate that after adding 2% biochar into the soil, the organic matter content increased from 1.22% to 3.51%, the soil pH increased from 3.86 to 4.85, the zero point of charge reduced from 3.59 to 3.45, the specific area of soil increased from 4.746(m2/g) to 7.946(m2/g), compared with the control group adding 2% biochar, soil fertility has significant increased. For water retention capacity, the experimental results indicate that after adding 2% biochar, the field capacity (1/3bar) increased from 0.175% to 0.245%, with more available water(1/3 – 15 bar) for plant growth. After adding biochar, compared with the control group, has significantly increased in moisture content. In the saturated hydraulic conductivity experiments, when adding 0.5% biochar, the value increased from 0.00113 to 0.00117(cm/sec). Although the trend is increasing, but the effect is not obvious. In soil aggregate stability experiments, the geometric mean particle size with 1.5% biochar it has addition 1.3124mm, compared with the control group 0.6790mm. Although increased, but not significant. Therefore, adding biochar for soil aggregate stability is not significant improved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33040
其他識別: U0005-2207201313404300
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2207201313404300
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