Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33045
標題: 以生物碳改良紅壤效益之探討
The Investigation of Application with Biochar on the Red Soil
作者: 何俊賢
Ho, Chun-Hsien
關鍵字: 土壤改良劑
Soil amendment
生物碳
土壤穩定性
保水力
保肥力
Biochar
Soil stability
Water retention capacity
Fertility
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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(2009), “Characterization of designer biochar produced at different temperatures and their effects on a loamy sand,” Annals of environmental science 3, 195-206. 13.Novak, J. M., W. J. Busscher, D. L. Laird, M. Ahmedna, D. W. Watts and M. A. S. Niandou (2009), ”Impact of biochar amendment on fertility of Southeastern Coastal Plain Soil,” Soil Science 174:105-112. 14.Parks, G. A. (1967), “Aqueous surface chemistry of oxides and complex oxide minerals-isoelectric point and zero point of charge,” In “Equilibrium concepts in nature water systems,” Adv. Chem. Ser. No.67, pp.121-pp.160. Am. Chem. Soc., Washington, DC. 15.Parks, G. A. and P. L. deBruyn. (1962), “The zero point of charge of oxides,” J. Phys. Chem. 66:967-973. 16.Steiner, C., W. G. Teixeira, J. Lehmann, T. Nehls, J. L. V. de Macedo, W. E. H. Blum and W. Zech. 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摘要: 摘要   台灣降雨主要集中在夏秋兩季,降雨強度大且延時長,在這樣的條件下,土壤中的營養鹽礦物容易流失,且土壤會呈現酸性狀態,使得作物較難生存。此外降雨強度大也會造成土壤流失與坡地災害等情形發生,因此本研究主要利用土壤改良劑來改善紅壤之基本性質。希望在工程與農業的使用上會有所助益。   本研究在八卦山紅壤土樣中分別添加0%(對照組)、1%、5%及10%之生物碳,均勻攪拌後養置3個月,再進行土壤穩定性、土壤保水力與土壤保肥力等各項試驗,試驗結果如下。當添加濃度為0%、1%、5%及10%之團粒平均粒徑( )分別為0.4069mm、0.4130mm、0.4582mm及0.5430mm。當濃度為0%、1%及5%時其平均粒徑沒有顯著性之變化但當添加濃度為10%時,平均粒徑( )有顯著的增加,但是增加之幅度不大,對於土壤團力穩定性無顯著之改善。在壓力鍋試驗中,當添加濃度為1%時,在各基質勢能下之含水量最少,而5%與10%之含水量則隨生物碳添加量提高而增加。在基質勢能為1/3bar時,濃度0%、1%、5%及10%之含水量分別為37.47、34.41、43.55與47.28%。在土壤保肥力方面,當添加濃度為1%時,土壤零電點( )有下降之趨勢,但是當添加濃度為5%與10%土壤零電點反而增加。以Gouy-Chapman配合零電點計算土壤表面電荷密度,結果顯示當添加濃度為1%時其值最大。另外土壤之有機質含量在濃度為0%、1%、5%與10%時分別為0.27、0.46、0.95與1.56%,有隨濃度增加而提高之趨勢。 關鍵詞:土壤改良劑、生物碳、土壤穩定性、保水力、保肥力。
Abstract   The rainfall in Taiwan mostly concentrated in summer and autumn with strong rainfall intensity and long duration. Under this condition, the nutrient minerals would be eroded away from soils and transformed the soil into an acidic status. Therefore, it would be difficult for crop to grow. In addition, the strong rainfall intensity was easily to trigger landslide hazard and soil erosion. The purpose of this study is to apply the soil amendment to improve the physical and chemical qualities of soil.   In this study the red soil of Mountain PaGua were treated with four rates, namely, 0, 1, 5, and 10% by weight, stirred evenly, and then placed at a well-ventilated location for three months. Soil stability, water-retention capacity and fertilizer capacity were measured after three months and the results were as follow. The average aggregate diameters( ) with 0%, 1%, 5% and 10% biochar were 0.4069, 0.4130, 0.4582 and 0.5430mm respectively. There was no significant change of between 0%, 1% and 5% except 10%, but the increasing margin was not large enough. The ceramic plate extractor experiment showed that the water retention with 1% biochar was lowest at any matric potential and the water retention became larger with the increasing treatment of biochar. The water retention at 1/3 bar for each treatment were 37.47%, 34.41%, 43.55% and 47.28%. With the addition of 1% biochar, the zero point of charge( ) decreased, but increased with 5% and 10% biochar. Using the Gouy-Chapman equation to calculate the soil surface charge density( ), the result showed that would be largest with 1% biochar. Besides, the organic matter content of each treatment were 0.27, 0.46, 0.95 and 1.56% compared to the treatment of 0, 1, 5 and 10% biochar. Keypoint : Soil amendment, Biochar, Soil stability, Water retention capacity, Fertility
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33045
其他識別: U0005-0908201210594400
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0908201210594400
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