Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33130
標題: 因應氣候變遷集水區道路沿線窪蓄區位營造效益之研究
Construction Benefits of Depressions along the Roads in a Watershed Responding to Climate Change
作者: 賴臆心
Lai, Yi-Hsin
關鍵字: 脆弱度分析
Vulnerability analysis
窪蓄區位
滯洪池
Topographic depressions
Detention pond
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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摘要: 在全球氣候變遷影響下,強降雨事件頻率增加,致使坡地災害屢見不鮮,且規模愈發龐大;當山區發生高強度的降雨時,道路所截流之地表逕流易沖刷邊坡造成崩塌,嚴重危及道路安全,本研究為改善此現象並盡可能減低對保全對象造成之影響,以朴子溪義仁橋集水區為樣區,分析集水區源頭崩塌潛勢、凹岸崩塌潛勢、上邊坡崩塌潛勢、及地形溼度指數,另將上述四項分析結果與道路圖資套疊,萃取道路沿線之脆弱潛勢;再以數值高程模型萃取窪蓄區位,針對鄰近高脆弱潛勢路段之窪蓄區位輔以Curve Number分析,優選窪蓄配置順序。研究結果顯示,高潛勢區位主要分布於集水區下游,易因排水不當,造成邊坡破壞而影響道路安全;有鑒於此,必須萃取道路沿線之適當窪蓄區位,將道路所截之逕流引流至道路滯洪設施,藉此降低因開發而增加下游地區洪峰流量之衝擊;經優選後可得毗鄰高潛勢路段14處窪蓄區位,並計算其滯洪量體,其中共7處窪蓄區位滯洪量體不足,建議擴大窪蓄區位之面積或深度,以增加其蓄洪量體,發揮其防洪減災之效益。
Due to global climate change, the occurrence frequency of high-intensity rainfall events have increased, which causes huge amount and scale of disaster at the slope land. The surface runoff intercepted by the roads might erode the nearby slope toes and can severely affect the road safety when heavy rain hits mountain regions. To improve this phenomenon and protect prior target from slope disasters, Yizen bridge watershed of Puzih River is selected as a study site in this study for analysis of concave collapse potential, headstream collapse potential of watershed, upslope collapse potential and topographic wetness index. Meanwhile, the vulnerability potential along roads is extracted by overlaying road map and four analysis results mentioned. The topographic depressions are then extracted from DEM to determine deployed order of topographic depressions with the analysis of CN value at spots which have high vulnerability potential nearby. The results show that high potential areas are mainly located in the downstream of the watershed outlet. The security of roads will be threatened by slope failure due to inappropriate drainage. To overcome this situation, the proper topographic depressions alone roads must be extracted to lead runoff intercepted by road into detention facilities. Therefore, the impact from increasing peak discharge due to land development can be released for downstream areas. There are 14 topographic depressions and each detention amount along with high vulnerability potential spot can be obtained by order analysis. 7 of 14 topographic depressions are found lacking enough detention amounts. These topographic depressions are recommended to increase detention amounts by widening and/or deepening specific topographic depressions to enlarge their disaster prevention ability.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33130
其他識別: U0005-1008201317271600
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1008201317271600
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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