Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34589
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor吳輝龍zh_TW
dc.contributor林俐玲zh_TW
dc.contributor游繁結zh_TW
dc.contributor盧惠生zh_TW
dc.contributor張文詔zh_TW
dc.contributor張俊彥zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisor林信輝zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorSun, Ming-Teen_US
dc.contributor.author孫明德zh_TW
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2009zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T07:48:00Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T07:48:00Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2901200814193600zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/34589-
dc.description.abstract集水區是複雜生態系統交互作用下集合而成的高異質性區域,由能量、物種、物質,以及空間互動行為組成不同的系統,深入瞭解與預測土地利用的空間格局與變遷是集水區保育治理的重要工作之一。本研究目的在於應用景觀生態分析方法於集水區保育治理,做為後續集水區保育治理與景觀生態環境規劃之依循。 本研究以南投縣上安集水區為研究區域,運用層級分析法建構集水區保育治理架構,以疊圖法分析出保育治理上敏感區域;以鳥類現地調查為基礎,以迴歸法建構鳥類棲地適宜性迴歸式,估算出全區鳥類棲地敏感區位;以集水區生態保育為目的,依據保育治理上敏感區域及鳥類棲地敏感區位,擬定出不同的治理對策,應用土地利用轉換及其效益模式(The Conversion of Land Use and its Effects at small regional extent; CLUE-s),模擬集水區在不同規劃與管理對策下未來土地利用的情境,並以Fragstats景觀生態指數模組計算不同土地利用情境之景觀結構變化,比較不同土地利用情境及各保育治理區位下景觀生態格局差異性。 集水區生態棲地多樣性及景觀完整保全AHP分析結果顯示,上安集水區東側山區、中間林地及河岸區域為敏感度較高的區域;鳥類棲息地適宜性分析結果發現溪流兩側及研究區的中間地帶鳥類棲息適宜度較高的區域。集水區保育治理推估2015年土地利用變遷模擬、變遷區位分析及景觀生態結構比較結果發現,進行鳥類棲地適宜性高的區域管制,或者是同時保育集水區治山防災與保育之敏感度高及鳥類棲地適宜性高的區域時,有助於集水區景觀生態環境維持。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractUnder the interaction among ecological elements of energy, species, physical materials and spatial patterns, watershed area is a heterogeneity region which represents complicity and diversity as numerous eco-systems. To realize and to prediction the transition of land-use pattern is one of the crucial works in watershed management. The study is aiming at watershed management by introducing landscape ecological analysis to establish guidelines for landscape planning and environmental management. In this study, Shan-An watershed, Nan-Tou county was selected as study area, to set up framework of watershed management by using analytic hierarchy processes (AHP), and designate sensitive areas through geographic mapping. Further, base on bird census, introducing regression analysis to establish regression model of bird's habitat suitability to estimate the amount and allocate the sensitivity areas. Finally, on the objectives of ecological preservation, to frame management strategies relatively according to assigned sensitivity areas both on preservation and bird habitat aspects. In addition, applying The Conversion of Land Use and its Effects at small regional extent model (CLUE-s) to simulate consequent land-use contexts under different planning and management strategies, and compare the variation on landscape ecological patterns under different land-use conditions and locations via calculating the changes on landscape structures by using Fragstats model of landscape ecological index modules. The AHP analysis of watershed ecological habitat and integrated landscape preservation has illustrated that East-bound hillside areas, middle woodlands and riverbank areas of Shan-An watershed are areas that with higher sensitivity. While the bird habitat suitability analysis has come out with that riverbank areas and borderland of the study areas are proper habitat for birds. Stand on the simulation and estimation of land-use transition by 2015, transformation location analysis and the comparison on landscape ecological structures, to enforcing environmental control in higher sensitivity areas of bird habitat, or potentially vulnerary areas are contributive to the landscape and ecological maintenance of environment of watershed.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents表 目 錄 IV 圖 目 錄 VI 1.研究動機與目的 1 2.文獻回顧 3 2.1景觀生態相關研究 3 2.1.1景觀生態學之定義 3 2.1.2景觀生態學的結構與功能 5 2.1.3景觀特徵與景觀結構指數 8 2.1.4景觀異質性 9 2.1.5小結 10 2.2生態網絡與多樣性相關 11 2.2.1景觀網絡結構 11 2.2.2生態網絡之建構原則 11 2.2.3生態廊道 12 2.2.4景觀破碎化與生物多樣性之關係 15 2.2.5鳥類之生態價值 16 2.2.6小結 19 2.3集水區保育治理對策相關研究 20 2.3.1集水區保育治理之定義 20 2.3.2集水區保育治理之效益 20 2.3.3各國之集水區保育治理 21 2.3.4集水區保育治理對策與工法 22 2.3.5小結 25 2.4影像分類相關研究 26 2.4.1遙測影像 26 2.4.2土地利用分類 27 2.4.3地理資訊系統 28 2.4.4小結 30 3.研究理論與方法 31 3.1研究架構與流程 31 3.2研究區域 34 3.2.1地理位置 34 3.2.2氣象概況 35 3.2.3地形及地質概況 35 3.2.4土地權屬及利用現況 39 3.2.5溪流分布 39 3.2.6歷年災害情形與治理 40 3.3研究方法 45 3.3.1層級分析法理論 45 3.3.2鳥類調查 53 3.3.3土地利用轉換及效益模式之應用 57 3.3.4景觀生態學之各項計量指數分析 61 3.3.5小結 65 4.結果與討論 66 4.1集水區生態棲地多樣性及景觀完整保全AHP分析 66 4.1.1第一階段問卷調查及架構建立 66 4.1.2第二階段集水區生態棲地多樣性及景觀完整性保全權重架構 69 4.1.3集水區生態棲地多樣性及景觀完整性保全敏感區分析 74 4.2鳥類棲息地適宜性分析 80 4.2.1鳥類調查成果分析 80 4.2.2鳥類棲息地適宜性分析模式 88 4.3集水區治理保育治理對策及土地利用變遷模擬 98 4.3.1集水區圖資收集與分析 98 4.3.2上安集水區景觀變遷比較 101 4.4集水區治理保育治理對策及景觀結構分析 113 4.4.1整體土地利用景觀結構分析與比較 113 4.4.2林地景觀結構分析與比較 115 4.4.3農地景觀結構分析與比較 117 4.4.4檳榔園景觀結構分析與比較 119 4.4.5建成地景觀結構分析與比較 121 4.4.6草地景觀結構分析與比較 123 4.4.7崩塌地景觀結構分析與比較 125 4.4.8上安集水區保育治理對策之景觀生態結構綜合分析 127 5.結論與建議 130 5.1結論 130 5.2建議 131 參考文獻 132zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher水土保持學系所zh_TW
dc.subjectwatershed managementen_US
dc.subject集水區保育治理zh_TW
dc.subjectlandscape ecologyen_US
dc.subjectbirds, land-use transition.en_US
dc.subject景觀生態zh_TW
dc.subject鳥類zh_TW
dc.subject土地利用變遷zh_TW
dc.titleA Study on Application of Landscape Ecological Analysis in Watershed Managementen_US
dc.title景觀生態分析應用於集水區保育治理之研究zh_TW
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
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