Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34652
標題: 以景觀生態系統探討坡地農村重劃區綠帶配置效益之研究
Benefits of greenway at the sites of rural village consolidation by using landscape ecology systems
作者: Tseng, Peiching
曾沛晴
關鍵字: Landscape Ecology
景觀生態學
Ecological planning
Landscape Ecology index
Rural village consolidation
生態規劃
景觀生態指數
農村社區土地重劃
出版社: 水土保持學系所
引用: 1.肖篤寧,1999,景觀空間結構的指標體系和研究方法,景觀生態學 理論、方法及應用,地景企業股份有限公司。 2.李公哲,1998,永續發展導論,中華民國環境工程學會出版。 3.明延凱、周光裕,1997,應用生態學,地景企業股份有限公司,pp.44-45、67-71。 4.林憲德,1999,城鄉生態,詹氏書局。 5.俞孔堅,1998,景觀、文化、生態與感知,田園城市文化事業,pp.53-66。 6.張俊彥、洪佳君、曾心嫺編譯,2001,景觀建築及土地使用計畫之景觀生態原則,地景企業股份有限公司,pp.136。 7.張啟德譯,1994,Richard T.T. Forman, Michel Godron ,景觀生態學,田園城市文化事業有限公司。 8.景貴和(肖篤寧主編),1993,景觀生態學的若干理論問題,景觀生態學:理論、方法及應用,地景企業股份有限公司,pp.22-30。 9.游登良,1989,野生動物哺乳動物資源與經營,太魯閣國家公園管理處。 10.鄔建國,2000,景觀生態學-格局、過程、尺度與等級,高等教育出版社。 11.韓可宗,1998,都市森林理論與應用,地景企業股份有限公司。 12.王軍、傅伯杰、陳利頂,1999,景觀生態規劃的原理和方法,資源科學,第21卷第2 期,pp.71-76。 13.王小璘、涂芳美,2001,由景觀生態學觀點探討都市公園生物多樣性 -- 以台北市大安森林公園為例,東海學報,第42卷,pp. 115~127。 14.吳銘塘、郭勝豐、劉耀文,2000,農地重劃工程與生產、生活、生態結合之探討,八十九年度土地重劃工程業務研討會,內政部土地重劃工程局,pp.47-64。 15.林曜松編,1998,〈生物多樣性前瞻研討會論文集〉,行政院農業委員會。 16.孫義芳,1997,植被調查在自然保育之應用,中台灣自然保育研討會論文集,pp.112~117。 17.郭瓊瑩,2004,農(平)地造林之生態機制與策略,2004 年第一屆農村規劃學術研討會(光碟版),國立中興大學農村規劃研究所,pp.32。 18.沈全榮,2006,墾丁國家公園觀光資源永續發展之研究,國立中山大學社會科學院高階公共政策研究所碩士論文。 19.林志東,2004,花蓮北部平原地區土地利用分析,國立東華大學自然資源管理所碩士論文。 20.洪宜萍,2001,都市住宅社區生物多樣性評估模式之研究,文化大學建築及都市計劃研究所碩士論文。 21.鄧東波,2001,從景觀生態學觀點探討都市綠地─以台北市信義計畫區為例, 文化大學地學研究所碩士論文。 22.內政部地政司網站(網址http://www.moiland.gov.tw/) 23.Collinge,S.K.,1996, Ecological consequences of habitat fragmentation for landscape architecture and planning, Landscape and Urban Plannind,36:59-77. 24.Collinge, S.K.,1996, Ecological consequences of habitat fragmentation for landscape architecture and planning, Landscape and Urban Plannind,36:59-77. 25.Forman R. T. T., and Godron M. , 1986, Landscape ecology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York, USA. 26.Gilbert, O. L. (1991) The ecology of urban habitats. Chapman & Hall. London. P4. 27.Harris, L.D. and Kangas, P., 1979, Desighing future landscape from principles of form and function. In our National Landscape: Applied Techniques for Analysis and Management of the Visual Resource. Pp.725-729, Edited by G.H. Pilsner and R.C. Smardon. General Technical Report PSW-34, U. S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 28.Hough,M.,1995,City and Natural Process, London & New York: Routledge. 29.Jack A.,1995, Greenways as a planning strategy. Landscape and Urban Planning, 33:131-155. 30.Lubchenco, J., Olson, A.M., Carpenter, S.R., Holland, M.M., Hubbell, S.P., Levin, S.A., Macmahon, J.A., Matson, P.A., Melillo, J.M., Mooney, H.A., Peterson, C.H., Pulliam , H.P., Real, L.A., Regal, P.J. and Risser, P.G., 1991, The sustainable biosphere initiative: An ecological research agenda. Ecology, 72:371-412. 31.MacArthur, R.H. and Wilson, E.O., 1967, The theory of island biogeography, Princeton University Press : Princeton, NJ.. 32.MacDonald D.W. and Johnson, P.J., 1995, The relationship between bird distribution and the botanical and structural characteristics of hedges, J.Appl.Ecology, 32,492-505. 33.Maehr, D.S., and Cox, J.A., 1995, Landscape features and panthers in Florida, Conservation Biology, 9, 1018-1019. 34.McPherson, E.G., 1988, Functions of buffer plantings in urban environment, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 22/23,198-281. 35.Naveh Z. and Lieberman A.S., 1993, Landscape Ecology: Theory and Application. NewYork : Springer-Verlag. 36.Rodiek, J. and DelGiudice, G., 1994, Wildlife Habitat Conservation: Its Relationship to Biological Diversity and Landscape Sustainability: A National Symposium, Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.28, pp.1-3. 37.Rookwood, P., 1995, Landscape Planning for Biodiversity, Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.31, pp.379-385. 38.Risser, P. G., Karr, J. R. and . Forman R. T. T., 1984. Landscape Ecology: Drections and Applications. Tlinois National History Survey. 39.Soule, M.E. and Wilcox,B.A.,1980,ConservationBiology:An Evolutionary -Ecological Approach. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, M A. 40.Silver, C. S. and DeFries, R.S., 1990, One Earth— Our Changing Global Environment — One Future. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. 41.Smith, P.G.R. & Theberge, J.B., 1986, A review of criteria for evaluating natural areas, Environmental Management,10,715~734. 42.Soule, M. E., 1991, Land use planning and wildlife Maintenance, Journal of the American Planning Assocition,57(3),313-323. 43.Wilson, E., 1992, The diversity of life, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.. 44.Wenche E. D., Olson D.J. and Forman R. T. T., 1996,〈Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-use Planning〉, Harvard.
摘要: This study is to consolidate the greenway of the rural village based on the concepts of biodiversity, theory of sustainable development, and the knowledge of eco-landscape planning. Land use changes and ecological landscape of Taichung County He-ping village before and after consolidation are also analyzed to simulate the placements of landscape ecology spatial pattern. With discussions on the benefits of greenway allocated in the rural village, a sound recommendation of greenway considered on both human being and wild animals are proposed in the study. Changes of landscape structures before/after consolidation and the scenario stages are discussed. Analysis of land use changes shows that the current status of rural village's greenway planned for biological activities, move and interaction are reduced. Patch analysis depicts that there exists smaller, broken, isolated patches and lack of ecological corridor systems resulting in less connection of natural vegetation, which often causes an unfavorable habitat for wild animals to live. It's not conducive to create the environment of biodiversity in the riparian areas due to the vertical and rigid construction. The study is based on landscape ecosystem to plan He-ping rural greenway and enlarge the effects of biodiversity. By connecting greenway patches couples with water supply can establish an ecological habitat. Placement of greenway can benefit to stabilize landscape of a rural village. The effectiveness of linking greenway corridor will enhance overall aggregation of spatial structure, which can recover the biodiversity at the site human disturbed. Size of ecological habitat and placement of ecological corridor are the key factors for species to maintain biodiversity. Spatial changes on ecological landscape can be understood by using planning theorem in landscape ecosystems and calculating the landscape ecology index. To achieve the goal of sustainable development, there is a need to establish and strengthen the data base in ecological investigation for the use of rural village.
本研究以生物多樣性及永續發展之概念,透過景觀生態規劃之理論,配置農村重劃區之綠帶,並以土地變遷分析及生態景觀指數分析台中縣和平農村重劃前、重劃後及模擬配置後之景觀生態空間格局,並探討農村社區綠帶配置效益,提出兼顧人為利用及野生動物共存的農村綠帶生態規劃理念之建議。 以重劃前、重劃後及模擬配置三者間,所產生之景觀空間結構變遷進行探討,以土地變遷分析結果可知,農村生態景觀由於人為規劃開發後,提供生物活動、遷徙及交流之綠帶空間驟減;以景觀生態指數來看,嵌塊體面積變小、破碎化且孤立化,亦缺乏生態廊道系統建置,致各自然植被的連接性降低,不利於野生動物生存及棲息;且水體之邊緣因工程構造設施過於垂直化及僵化,更不利於容納多樣性的生物物種棲息。本研究依據景觀生態系統規劃配置和平農村綠帶,藉由綠帶間之相連性,讓生態環境產生生物多樣性之效應,並由於綠帶嵌塊體棲地面積大,且有水源之供應,自然形成生物棲息之場所。以綠帶配置效益來看,農村景觀呈現穩定狀態,整體為聚集之空間結構,將原本在人為開發後受到干擾之生態環境,經由綠帶廊道連結之效果,能重新恢復其生物多樣性。 生態棲地環境之面積大小及生態廊道之配置,為物種是否能維持其多樣性之重要因素,利用景觀生態系統之規劃理論,透過景觀生態指數之運用,來分析生態景觀空間之變遷,建議後續必須加強建立農村社區之完整動植物生態調查,讓生態環境能維持其永續發展之目的。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34652
其他識別: U0005-1108200810083900
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.