Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34697
標題: 台地向源崩塌地整治之研究以雲林縣林內鄉林北坑崩塌地為例
Landslide Control on Terrace Landslide Area Caused by eadcut A Case Study of Lin-Be Landslide in Ping-ding Village, Linnei Township Yunlin County
作者: 林義欽
Lin, Yih-Chin
關鍵字: terrace
住宅密集社區
landslide
pressure-releasing effect
slopeland maintenance and management
崩塌
解壓作用
坡地維護管理
出版社: 水土保持學系所
引用: 1.中文部分 (1)圖書 1.行政院農業委員會水土保持局,2002,台灣地區山坡地的土砂災害P10。 2.行政院農業委員會水土保持局,2005,水土保持手冊工-1-14〜20。 3.行政院農業委員會水土保持局第三工程所,2005,坪頂村坪頂崩塌地調查規劃工程P5-3,P6-1〜7。 4.行政院農業委員會水土保持局第三工程所,2007,林內、古坑及崁頂溪集水區上游坡地整體治理調查規劃P109-116,P147-160。 5.行政院農業委員會水土保持局,2007,水土保持技術規範第66、67條。 6.林信輝,2001,水土保持植生工程,高立圖書有限公司。 7.黃倩儀等,2003,研究方法,華騰文化股份有限公司,P1-15~1-17。 8.陳信雄,1995,崩塌地調查與分析,渤海堂文化公司P1~2,P27,P521~P522,P531。 (2)期刊論文 9.李春賢等,2006,箱型蛇籠與懸臂式擋土牆對道路邊坡崩塌保護成效之分析探討-以東勢鎭中44線道路爲例,坡地防災學報5(1):69~88。 10.洪如江,1994,坡地災害防治(二),行政院國家科學委員會。 11.高伯宗,鄭皆達,1998,南投縣力行產業道路及沿線坡地災害原因分析與復建措施之探討,中興大學水土保持學系研究所碩士論文。 12.陳信雄等,2004,坡地集水井施工後水文變動趨勢之研究,坡地防災學報3(1):59~68。 13.陳文福等,2004,擋土構造物安全性影響因子之研究,坡地防災學報3(1):69~92。 14.陳靜嫻等,2007,崩塌災區社區防災推動之探討-以雲林縣林內鄉坪頂村為例,坡地防災學報6(2):1~15。 15.陳靜嫻,林俐玲,2007,崩塌災區社區防災推動之探討-以雲林縣林內鄉坪頂村為例,中興大學水土保持學系研究所碩士論文P10~25,P30,P33~34,P40,P45。 16.許中立,2001,由桃芝風災看未來的坡地防災策略,坡地防災研討會論文集(二)P121-133。 17.許中立,2003,南二高之邊坡保護工法效果,坡地防災學報2(2):71~81。 18.許中立等,2005,臺東羊橋地區運用鋼筋混凝土空心巢箱整治之探討,坡地防災學報4(2):19~30。 19.許中立等,2005,高雄市哨船街邊坡崩塌整治之探討,坡地防災學報4(1):71~82。 20.張徽正等,1988,中部山坡地地質特性災害分析,國科會防災專案計畫成果研討會論文集,第二冊,P6-1~6-5。 21.黃崇賢,2003,山坡地山崩災害管理之研究以台南縣為例,靜宜大學,研究所碩士論文。 22.詹連昌,2003,梨山地滑區排水成效之探討,坡地防災學報2(1):1~12。 23.歐仁中等,2007,苗栗縣南庄鄉124線蓬萊村道路路基缺口災修復建工程治理之探討,坡地防災學報6(1):19~30。 24.謝玉興,2004,公路邊坡崩壞與降雨關係研究,臺灣公路工程,30(11)26~45。 25.謝宗達,鄭皆達,2005,水里溪上游合坑溪集水區水文特性與保育治理對策之研究,中興大學水土保持學系研究所碩士論文。 26.謝榮豪等,2007,食水坑地滑地之邊坡滑動機制探討,坡地防災學報6(1):31~42。 (3)網路資源 27.中央氣象局(http://www.cwb.gov.tw/) 28.林俐玲,2004,敏督利颱風災害水土保持,工程研討會圖冊,網址:http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2004/new/jul/13/today-fo10.htm。 29.林內鄉戶政事務所(http://linnei.household.yunlin.gov.tw/) 30.林內鄉公所全球資訊網(http://www.linnei.gov.tw/) 31.經濟部中央地質調查所全球資訊網(http://www.moeacgs.gov.tw) (4)其他 32.李德河,1997,邊坡穩定分析,梨山地層滑動整治監測計畫人員訓練課程P11,P15。 33.曹明豐等,2002,坡地保育與自然生態工法,行政院農業委員會專題研究計畫報告,P75。 2.西文部分 (2)Journal Articles 34.Masami Fukuoka,1979,Current on Landslides and Countermeasure, Seminar on Slope Stability and Landslides:PP.29~41。 35.Geotechnical Engineering Office ,1998, Landslides and Boulder Falls from Natural Terrain:Interim Risk Guidelines,GEO Report No.75,ERM-Hong Kong,Ltd. 36.Soil and Water Conservation Bureau,2005,“REMEDIATION PLAN AND HAZARD PREWARNING SYSTEM FOR LI-SHAN LANDSLIDE”.
摘要: This thesis discussed landslide control on terrace landslide area where near the highly condense houses. According to the landslide damage, the factor of landslide, erosion, and roadbed sinking, together with the local landscape and geological condition were analyzed. Moreover, this thesis illustrated how to select the proper countermeasure for protecting the houses and road from destroying by landslide. The effectiveness and properness of different countermeasure and other alternatives were analyzed also. The results can offer the future works. The natural cause of the collapse of this experimental region is that the groundwater between gravel layer and mudstone layer was unable to permeate to the lower layer, thus causing side flow due to accumulation, and eventually effusing from the slope to release pressure. Other manmade causes include illegal discharge of waste water, and poor management of the reconstruction projects. The reasons of failure in managing this collapsed area include: (1) the construction site is emphasized the slope, without considering the unstable state of the slope angle; (2) the construction method leads to increased slope bearing load, thus increasing the un-stability; (3) lack of management concepts, the management speed is lagged behind the changing speed of terrain, thus, in case of collapse, the existing equipments are destroyed as well. The management of this landslide area is not completed at once due to limited budget, thus the interdependent effects of the progressive management of construction safety and stability should be concerned, in order to prevent the interference on the stability of the existing construction, in order to achieve the overall management efficiency. In the future, the areas to be concerned include: (1) maintenance and management of the slope land, prohibition of herding within the landslide area, in order to prevent soil erosion; the water discharged from the village should not be allowed to flow into this region without proper safety measures; (2) publicize and carry out education on disaster prevention, disaster minimization, and disaster avoidance to the villagers. Only by doing so, the reoccurrence of landslide in dense residential areas could be prevented, and the frequency of landslide can be reduced.
本研究之目地在探討住宅密集社區邊緣崩塌地整治,並依現場崩塌損壞情形,分析影響坡地滑動、崩塌、邊坡沖蝕、路基下陷等因素,配合當地景觀環境及地質條件等,對工程構造物如何達到邊坡穩定深入探討,選擇適當邊坡保護工法,維護該地區邊坡穩定,進而保護該村活動中心、附近民宅土地、道路通行安全與順暢。並將分析各工法之適宜性與成效,及利用工程以外如監測管理及維護管理等,探討實際可以呈現之效益,供未來相關崩塌地處理工作推動之參考。 本試區崩塌發生自然因素,主要為礫石層與泥岩層界面地下水,無法下滲累積產生側流,滲出坡面造成解壓作用所致。其他有人為隨意排放水及復建工程無法整體治理等。本試區崩塌地處理失敗原因有(1)工址著重在邊坡上方,未考慮坡趾不穩定狀態。(2)工法增加邊坡承載力,致不穩定性提升。(3)無整體治理概念,治理速度不及地形演變速度,致再度發生崩塌時,既有設施併同損毀。 本試區崩塌地整治因政府財源有限無法一次完成,故特別注意在分期治理工程安全及穩定之環環相扣效果,避免可能影響前已完成工程之穩定性,進而達到整體治理效益。後續應注意的是(1)坡地維護管理,崩塌區域範圍不可放牧,防止土壤沖蝕;村內的排放水不可無安全措施的直接流入本試區等。(2)上述居民防災、減災及避災觀念宣導及落實。如此才能掌控住宅密集社區域崩塌再發生,並降低崩塌災害發生之頻率。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34697
其他識別: U0005-2407200821373700
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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