Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34809
標題: 聚乙烯醇應用於水土保持噴植植生及土壤團粒改良之研究
A Study on Application of PVA for Hydroseeding and Soil Aggregation Enhancement in Soil and Water Conservation
作者: 李元智
Lee, Yuan-Chih
關鍵字: Polyvinyl Alcohol(PVA)
聚乙烯醇
aggregation
percentage germination
adhesives
soil conditioners
土壤團粒
發芽率
黏著劑
土壤改良劑
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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摘要: 台灣位處於環太平洋地震帶,地質結構破碎且島內山多且坡度陡峭,山崩地滑與人為開發常產生許多崩塌之裸露地,且台灣又屬海島型氣候,每到6至10月之颱風季節常帶來豐沛的雨量,是進而造成土砂災害之主要來源。因此,對裸露地設法使其表土盡速穩定,完成邊坡保護及植生復育,應是水土保持之重要課題。傳統處理坡地新開發或裸露地的方法中,一般常見的方法為噴灑草種使其植生,但因需時3-4個月,且坡面無遮蔽容易導致草種與土壤流失,其改進的方法常以噴植方式穩定坡面表土。傳統噴植所用之黏著劑,使用上常有易乾裂、不透氣等缺點並不利於植生。本研究選用聚乙烯醇(PVA)作為主要試驗材料,研究其對於植物種子及土壤團粒之影響。因此本研究以聚乙烯醇(Polyvinyl Alcohol, PVA)作為試驗材料,調配不同濃度,並以百喜草、百慕達草、類地毯草、黑麥草、鐵掃帚、台灣欒樹、賽芻豆等植物種子作為試驗對象,研究其噴附PVA後植物種子發芽情形,並探討不同濃度的PVA對黃壤、紅壤及泥岩等土壤團粒穩定性及入滲性能,期能提供此工法於種子材料應用與設計施工之參考。本研究試驗結果顯示,PVA能隨水份入滲至土壤中,並增加團粒規模及穩定性,有效地穩定坡面及減少土壤流失。在施用PVA濃度底於2%時,濃度愈高,入滲連結及土壤團粒穩定的情形愈好,且對植物種子發芽率亦較無影響。因此PVA是一種適用於水土保持噴植植生工法之入滲連結型黏著劑兼土壤改良劑。
Erosion and landslides often occur in Taiwan during June-October typhoon season as a result of steep topography, young and weak geological formations as well as heavy rainfalls. Many exposed slopelands caused by landslides need to be revegetated as soon as possible. Polymer materials are widely used commercially. However, they are seldom applied to the conservation of soil and water or plants cultivation. Therefore whether the polymers Polyvinyl Alcohol(PVA) can be used as adhesives and soil conditioners to enhance the adhesive for protection against erosion of soil are important topics in the study of soil and water conservation. However the inhibition of seeds germination by the PVA was seldom discussed. In this study, the effects of PVA on the germination of Bahia grass, Bermuda grass, Carpet grass, perennial ryegrass, Chinese Lespedeza, Flame Gold-rain tree and, Purple bean (Siratro) seeds are examined. The results of this study showed that PVA is effective for use in slopeland hydroseeding to promote the aggregation stability of yellow soil, red soil, and muddy stone, and reduce soil erosion. The results also indicate that the 2% PVA wouldn't inhibit the percentage germination of the plant seeds. It is believed that the PVA will be a suitable adhesive and soil conditioner in hydro seeding for soil and conservation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34809
其他識別: U0005-2008200923113300
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