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dc.contributorTe-Kuei Linen_US
dc.contributorChun-Pin Changen_US
dc.contributorTsai-Hui Chenen_US
dc.contributor.advisorHsin-Hui Linen_US
dc.contributor.authorHsieh, Ming-Tingen_US
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dc.description.abstractFor study the relationships between soil/root system and mechanics characteristics of the Makino Bamboo forest, the experimental site was taken in the Tao-yuan County 119 lines 8 km of Shin-men reservoir. Select 10 Makino Bamboos to observe the distribution of root system by use Profile wall methods(L 1 m × W 1 m × D 0.6 m), and used the Definiens Professional 5 software for image classification. Record hair roots and rhizomes of the destruction of load by using pull-out test of hair root test and tensile test of root segment to find the shear strength increment of soil/root system △Sr. This research result is excerpted as follows: 1. The result showed that Makino Bamboo no vertical top roots, the rhizomes distribution within 0~0.3 m soil depth. The hair roots distribution within 0~0.6 m soil depth. The results showed that Makino Bamboo have very high capacity network node soil, surface erosion resistance and water infiltration. 2. The hair roots of Makino Bamboo pull-out breakage force to become index number with its diameter just related, its calculation type is: Pp = 1210.4d2.0008 0.05×10-2 m≦d≦0.4×10-2 m Pp: pull-out breakage force (×10-3kN) d: hair roots diameter (×10-2m) 3. The tensile resistance of root segment test of rhizomes average root diameter is 0.19 m, average destruction of load is 5.44 kN and average tensile strength is 19080.2 kN/m2. 4. The shear strength increment of soil/root system △Sr is between 19.2~92.0 kN/m2, founded the shear strength increment of soil/root system with Makino Bamboo is greater than Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay and Cryptomeria japonica. The Makino Bamboo possesses an extremely complicate and random root pattern in the ground and the tightly consolidated soil/root system associated with the root reinforcement can effectively stabilize the slope in a secure situation, the hair roots can avoid direct impact of raindrops and provide surface soil anti-erosion. However, the collapse failure can be mainly resulted from the action of gigantic earthquake vibration force or the impact of road work in the slope which leads to a breakage of root system or the infiltration of rainwater into the fissure of strata which cause a decrease of shear strength of soil mass. In general, the slope with Makino's Bamboo forest can sustain the collapse failure and soil mass.en_US
dc.description.abstract為研究桂竹林(Makino Bamboo Forest)土根系統及其力學特性,選取石門水庫集水區,桃園縣復興鄉桃119線8 K處之桂竹林地為研究樣區。各選取10株3年生桂竹,以剖面法(Profile wall methods)挖掘桂竹之根系剖面(長1 m × 寬1 m × 深0.6 m),調查桂竹根系在土層中之分布情形,並輔以Definiens Professional 5軟體進行影像分類處理;另以現地鬚根拔出試驗與室內根段(地下莖)拉力試驗紀錄桂竹鬚根及地下莖之破壞荷重,以便求取桂竹根系之土-根系統剪力強度增量△Sr,並期瞭解桂竹根系之力學特性。 本研究結果摘錄如下: 1. 桂竹之根系剖面結果顯示,桂竹無垂直主根,地下莖分布深度約在土層深度0~0.3 m之間;鬚根根量豐富,分布深度約在0~0.6 m之間,最深可達0.7~1 m,判斷桂竹之根域範圍對於網結土壤、抵抗地表沖蝕與水分入滲之能力俱佳。 2. 現地鬚根拔出試驗中,發現鬚根根徑d(m)與其Pp拔出斷裂抗力(kN)呈現指數相關,其計算式為: Pp = 1210.4d2.0008 0.05×10-2 m≦d≦0.4×10-2 m Pp:拔出斷裂抗力(×10-3kN) d:鬚根根徑(×10-2m) 3. 室內根段(地下莖)拉力試驗中,24組桂竹地下莖試驗平均根徑為0.19 m、平均拉力破壞載重為5.44 kN、平均抗拉強度為19080.2 kN/m2。 4. 綜合上述根系力學特性,可推求桂竹根系之土-根系統剪力強度增量△Sr約介於19.2~92.0 kN/m2 (根系剖面寬1 m × 深0.6 m)。比較台灣杉及柳杉之現地直剪土-根系統剪力強度增量,發現桂竹之土-根系統剪力強度增量較兩者為大。 桂竹根系隨地下莖向外擴充,根部韌性強,盤根錯節相互連結成緊密網狀,就如建築物構造中的基礎結構鋼筋網一樣;鬚根含量豐富能保護土壤避免受雨滴直接的衝擊,提供表層土壤抗沖蝕之能力。桂竹林地崩塌之情形,主要在於受外力之影響,如道路工程挖掘坡腳或地震導致坡面不穩定。桂竹本身受淺根性影響,在根系與土壤層間形成自由端,造成水分由此處滲出,而導致溯源侵蝕的產生。如遇豪大雨,雨水急速灌入土層裂縫,極易發生崩塌之情事。一般而言,桂竹林地若無上述之外力影響,則崩塌與土壤流失之情形並不易發生。zh_TW
dc.description.tableofcontents謝誌 I 摘要 II Abstract IV 目錄 VI 圖目錄 VIII 表目錄 XI 第一章 前言 1 1.1前言 1 1.2研究目的 1 1.3研究流程 1 第二章 文獻回顧 3 2.1根系型態分類 3 2.2根系對坡面穩定之影響評估 6 2.3土-根系統之力學模式與邊坡穩定理論 10 2.4根系力學試驗 17 第三章 研究方法 32 3.1試區概述 32 3.2試驗材料概述 35 3.3試驗項目與內容 37 3.4拔出斷裂抗力(簡稱拔斷抗力)之統計迴歸模式 40 3.5土-根系統轉換剖面應力 40 第四章 結果與討論 44 4.1桂竹根系分布情形 44 4.2桂竹根系剖面數化 45 4.3現地鬚根拔斷試驗與室內根段拉力試驗 51 4.4土-根系統轉換剖面應力分析結果 57 4.5桂竹林根系特性與邊坡穩定綜合探討 58 第五章 結論與建議 61 5.1結論 61 5.2建議 63 參考文獻 65 附件一 桂竹根面積比簡圖 70 附件二 現地鬚根拉斷數據 75zh_TW
dc.subjectMakino Bamboo foresten_US
dc.subjectsoil/root systemen_US
dc.subjectprofile wall methodsen_US
dc.subjectpull-out breakage resistance of in-situ testen_US
dc.subjecttensile resistance of root segment testen_US
dc.titleStudy on Soil/Root System and Root Characteristics of Makino Bamboo Foresten_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系


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