Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34891
標題: 噴植工法應用埋設網材適用性之研究
Study on The Characteristics of Netting Materials Used on Hydroseeding
作者: 劉威廷
Liu, Wei-Ting
關鍵字: hydroseeding methods
噴植工法
mulching material
erosion
被覆資材
沖蝕
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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摘要: 鋪網噴植工法為崩塌地常見之植生工法,裸坡面透過被覆資材的鋪設增加坡面穩定性,以營造植生基盤,藉噴植導入人工植生之途徑,故被覆資材特性對於工法成效影響甚大。現今被覆資材種類繁多。在施工現地常發生問題有植生基材與被覆資材固結不穩、基材無法穿透、下方表土掏刷以及對木本植物產生浮根、束縛、貫穿等影響情況。 本研究選取七種被覆資材包括編織立體網、複合型立體網、椰纖網毯、菱型鐵網、含木料格網(木格網)、非編織立體網及複層網應用為埋設網材,分別鋪設於坡度35°、45°之人工降雨試驗床上進行噴植基材之沖蝕試驗,另外選取石門水庫集水區施工個案,調查菱形鐵網於竣工後逐年劣化之情況,其研究試驗結果如下: 1.以被覆資材為噴植基材固結之媒介,可以穩定坡面避免基材直接流失,同時噴植基材結合被覆資材可具有良好之敷蓋效益。 2.不同被覆資材與噴植基材之穿透固結結構部分,以菱形鐵網和木格網最能使基材與土表完全密合。 3.本試驗選用之七種不同被覆資材中,於坡度35°時,被覆資材抗沖蝕效益以菱形鐵網和椰纖網毯較佳,於坡度45°時,被覆資材抗沖蝕效益以椰纖網毯和複合型立體網較佳。 4.菇肥添加高分子聚合物(CMC)比率為1/200時,抗沖蝕較具有較佳之效益,但仍須注意黏著劑比率是否影響所選用種子之發芽率。 5.石門水庫集水區使用菱形鐵網鋪網噴植竣工一至五年後直徑損耗百分比介於1.7~6.5%,直徑平均年腐蝕為0.024 mm/年。重量損耗百分比為3.9~10.8%間,均重量年損耗為0.029 g/年。抗拉強度損耗百分比介於0.9~16.6%,年損耗速率平均為2.03 N/mm2/年。
Hydroseeding with wire mesh placement methods is commonly used on landslide areas. The stability can be enhanced by mulching material on bare slopeland to improve vegetation basement, together with hydroseeding method to introduce artificial vegetation, which has illustrated the importance of mulching material in engineering effects. Although mulching materials were diversely developed, problems which often seen in construction field such as unfirm combination of vegetation and mulching materials, base material without penetration property, surface soil erosion beneath mulching material, and effects of superficial root, constraint or penetrate to woody plants were still unsolved. Seven commonly used mulching materials were chose in this study those are woven 3-D netting, complex 3-D netting, coconut fiber mesh blanket, diamond shape iron netting, woodblock gridnets, nonwoven 3-D netting, stratified netting to testing anti-erosion and related efficiency. The tests have been carrying out via artificial rainfall erosivity tests on 35° and 45° slope bed respectively. In addition, a case in Shi-Men reservoir watershed was also chose to explore yearly deterioration rates after completion of diamond shape iron netting. The study results are illustrated as follow: 1. Using mulching material as combination medium of hydroseeding material provide slope stability and prevent washed away of base materials. Hydroseeding material combine with mulching material provides good mulching effect. 2. On structural penetration and combination abilities aspect, that diamond shape iron netting and woodblock gridnets carry best properties in combination of base materials and surface soil. 3. Within 7 chose mulching materials of these tests, diamond shape iron netting and coconut fiber mesh blanket has shown the best anti-erosion efficiency in cases of 35° slope tests, while coconut fiber mesh blanket and complex 3-D netting has shown the best anti-erosion efficiency incases of 45° slope tests. 4. Mushroom fertilizer with additive of CMC by rate of 1/200 shows better efficiency in anti-erosion ability, while the effect on germination percentage of chose seeds caused by ratio of agglutinate glue is still unclear. 5. In Shi-Men reservoir watershed field test area, the deterioration conditions of diamond shape iron netting has been recorded after completion from 1 to 5 years. The diameter loss from 1.7~6.5%, average yearly diameter loss is 0.024mm/yr, while weight loss from 3.9~10.8%, average yearly weight loss is 0.029g/yr, tensile strength loss form 0.9~16.6%, and average yearly tensile strength loss is 2.03N/mm2/yr.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34891
其他識別: U0005-1108201017333600
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