Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34963
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor林銘郎zh_TW
dc.contributorMing-Lang Linen_US
dc.contributor錢滄海zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisor張光宗zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorKuang-Tsung Changen_US
dc.contributor.author林明慧zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorLin, Ming-Huien_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2012zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T07:48:35Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T07:48:35Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2607201019371600zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/34963-
dc.description.abstract分離元素法(Discrete Element Method, DEM)為近年來新興之數值分析方法,其模擬之材料主要由諸多顆粒組成,可模擬顆粒間相互碰撞堆積等力學行為。本研究針對分離元素法軟體PFC2D之輸入參數(微觀參數),使用實驗設計方法、MATLAB最佳化工具箱以及UCODE分別對砂、岩及岩體進行一系列之模擬與試驗,並由實驗室提供之巨觀參數(E、ν、qu、φ)校正PFC2D之微觀參數。 砂之顆粒與顆粒間僅存在摩擦力,須要決定的微觀參數較少,因此先使用人工調整模型使其巨觀行為逼近實驗值,再將此組參數透過UCODE進行最佳化;結果顯示,UCODE在參數較少時,最佳化的微觀參數表現之巨觀行為與實驗值相當接近。使用parallel bond連接顆粒與顆粒模擬岩石,並藉著PB設計與CCD設計迴歸出巨觀參數與微觀參數之關係式,再透過MATLAB最佳化工具箱找出實驗值所對應之微觀參數;將最佳化之參數輸入PFC2D之單壓與雙軸模型,發現模型計算出之巨觀參數與實驗值很接近。以岩石之校正方法應用於岩體,其實驗值採用Hoek-Brown推估之巨觀參數;結果顯示使用迴歸設計與MATLAB最佳化有十分良好的結果,且UCODE在調整參數較少的情況下,可將因迴歸外插而偏離的參數調整至符合實驗室之值。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractDiscrete Element Method (DEM) is a numerical method that has been becoming popular in recent years for landslide analysis. It simulates mechanical behavior between particles with micro-parameters. This study calibrates the parameters(micro-parameters) of the DEM software PFC2D by macro-parameters such as Young's modulus (E), Poission ratio (ν), uniaxial compressive strength (qu), and friction angle (φ), using the design of experiments, MATLAB and UCODE for sand, rock, and slope modeling. After the adjustment of the micro-parameters artificially, we use UCODE to make macro-behavior match experimental observation by UCODE. The optimization is quite effective when fewer parameters are involved. The rock model is created by using parallel bonds to connect particles. The relationships of macro and micro-parameters are established by regression equations through PB design and CC design. Then, We use the optimization toolbox of MATLAB to determine the micro-parameters, which can yield macro-behavior as close as possible to laboratory test results. The same methods as for the rock model is applied to a slope model, with the macro-parameters estimated from the Hoek-Brown failure criterion. Overall the experimental design and optimization methods are effective. The optimization process can satisfactorily calibrate the micro-parameters.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents口試通過證明 i 誌謝 ii 摘要 iii Abstract v 第一章 前言................1 一、研究動機與目的..........1 二、研究方法................2 三、論文架構................3 第二章 文獻回顧............7 第三章 研究方法...........12 一、PFC2D軟體簡介..........12 二、UCODE軟體簡介..........14 三、PB設計與CCD............15 四、MATLAB最佳化工具箱.....21 第四章 砂模型之校正.......25 一、PFC2D之模型建製........25 二、2D與3D參數之轉換.......26 三、人工調整PFC2D模型......27 四、敏感性分析.............33 五、最佳化反算.............34 第五章 岩石模型之校正.....38 一、初始值之決定...........38 二、PB設計.................44 三、CCD設計................48 四、MATLAB最佳化...........51 第六章 邊坡模型之校正.....54 一、岩體參數決定...........54 二、MATLAB最佳化...........56 三、UCODE最佳化............63 四、邊坡模擬...............66 第七章 結論與建議.........75 一、結論...................75 二、建議...................76 參考文獻...................77zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher水土保持學系所zh_TW
dc.subjectDiscrete Element Methoden_US
dc.subject分離元素法zh_TW
dc.subjectPFC2Den_US
dc.subjectPlackett-Burman designen_US
dc.subjectCentral Composite Designen_US
dc.subjectPFC2Dzh_TW
dc.subjectPlackett-Burman designzh_TW
dc.subjectCentral Composite Designzh_TW
dc.title分離元素模型於地質材料及邊坡之應用zh_TW
dc.titleDiscrete Element Modelling of Geomaterials and Slopesen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
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