Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35011
標題: 社區鄰里公園植栽配置效益與碳存量之探討 -以南投縣埔里鎮藝術文化中心為例
Benefits of Vegetation Placement and Carbon Stocks for the Community Neighborhood Park at the Arts and Culture Center in Puli Township
作者: 許慧真
關鍵字: Community Neighborhood Park
社區鄰里公園
carbon reduction
spatial dispersion index.
節能減碳
空間離散指標
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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摘要: 公園扮演著碳存、調溫、休閒及減緩周遭環境衝擊等重要角色,並兼具水土保持效益。本研究以南投縣埔里鎮社區鄰里公園為研究標的,以節能減碳及社區活動為考量,依照綠建築設計技術等相關法規,探討植栽現況及建議配置後之效益比較,俾為社區鄰里公園碳存量與植栽改善及維護管理之建議。 依國土測繪中心1995年及2009年兩期土地利用分析,比較不同時期土地利用變遷及碳存量變化;並參照氣候變遷跨國組織(IPCC)不同植物群落平均碳存量統計表,顯示社區鄰里公園興建前總碳存量為364.65噸,興建後總碳存量為190.23噸,約減少47.84%;研判係設施增多,綠地減少為主因。基地依「綠建築解說與評估手冊」中「綠化量指標」評估社區鄰里公園之總碳存量為183.5噸,與IPCC推薦法之估算值相近。而基地單位面積之碳存量為153 t/ha,與台灣省都市計畫區相較,其值高於都市計畫區碳存量49.10t/ha。另由現地植栽調查,現況植生分布依序為闊葉喬木41.7%>針葉喬木24.00%>棕櫚類18.75%>生態複層林10.31%>灌木5.24%。由「綠化量指標」之規定其單位面積最高CO2固定量之Gi值,依序為生態複層林>闊葉喬木>針葉喬木>棕櫚類>灌木>草坪。基地若需提高CO2固定量,生態複層林之配置面積需酌以提高。另外利用空間離散指標 (SDI) 分析基地植栽之空間離散度僅0.043,顯示樣區之植栽配置係因設施建設而調整;呈現聚集分布。 為增加節能減碳之效益,需利用生態複層林以提高碳存量。樣區綠環境改善配置後,二氧化碳總固定量較現況增加189(kg/㎡),且其TCO2>TCO2C符合「綠化量指標」所規定之標準,能有效反映節能減碳之效益。
Neighbourhood Park of a community plays important roles on the carbon storage and buffering of air temperature. It also provides the functionalities of leisure and culture, decreasing the environment impacts of surrounding areas, and conserving soil and water resources. In this study, arts and cultural center at Puli Township in Nantou County is selected to explore the vegetation status and the benefits of placement improvement according to green building design techniques to reduce carbon emissions, cultural and leisure orientation for the reference of carbon stock and maintenance of the community neighborhood park. Land use and carbon stock changes according to 1995 and 2009 of the land use map data derived from Land Surveying and Mapping Center. The table for estimating the average carbon stock in the different variety of vegetation is recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC. Differences in total carbon stocks show that there is about 174.42 tons decreasing after the construction of the community neighborhood park due to increasing building areas. The total carbon stock of the park is about 183.5 tons based on the calculation of greenery indicator recommended by the Green Building and commentary Assessment Manual, which is similar to the estimation of IPPC method. The carbon stock per unit area for the park is higher than that of the urban planning region (49.10 t/ha). The amount of occupation areas for each vegetation type in the community neighborhood park is list as follows: broad-leaved trees, palm trees, eco-stratified trees, shrubs, and lawn in order. The value of Spatial Dispersion Index for the vegetation is only 0.043, which indicating an aggregated distribution and probably due to the consideration of layout for the main buildings in the park. Consider the benefits of carbon reduction and enhancement of human recreation, eco-stratified trees and lawn are the two types of vegetation which can be used to effectively improve the status of vegetation. The amount of total carbon dioxide fixed can be increasing to 189 kg/m2 as compared to the status. The amount of TCO2 is greater than that of TCO2C after the replanning which fits the regulation standards of greenery indicator and can both reflect the benefits of carbon reduction and create a cultural and ecological melting high-quality park.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35011
其他識別: U0005-1708201115044000
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1708201115044000
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