Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35424
標題: 農企化番茄生產溫室內微氣候量測設備之探討與應用
Application of Microclimate Measurement Equipments of Agribusiness Tomato Production in Greenhouse
作者: 黃茗郁
Huang, Ming-Yu
關鍵字: Greenhouse
溫室
Microclimate Monitoring System
Physically Signal in Plant
微氣候監測系統
植物之生理訊號
出版社: 生物產業機電工程學系所
引用: 1. 申雍、林婉貞。1993。設施內作物葉溫之估算模式及其應用。中 華農學會報 新 163:8-17。 2. 申雍、余淑玲。1997。台灣地區溫室降溫方式的評估。中華農業 氣象4:11-17。 3. 加拿大ARGUS公司2009技術資料。“Understanding and Using VP” http://www.arguscontrols.com/articles/VPD_Application_Note.pdf 4. 李文汕。2010。番茄農場相關栽培技術改進。出自鋐洲產學合作 計畫期中報告。1-2。 5. 佐瀨勘紀。1982。溫室の自然換氣に關する基礎的 研 究。博士 論文。日本 東京:東京大學農業工學專門課程研究所。 6. 郭阿君、岳樺、王志英。不同室內光環境對植物固碳釋氧的影響。 林業勘查設計(總143 期) 2007 年第3 期。 7. 陳加忠。1999。溫室內盆栽花卉蒸散量之研究。中華農業氣象 6(4)。 8. 陳加忠。2010。植物葉片溫度模式-數學、物理與農業之二。 網址: http://amebse.nchu.edu.tw/new_page_286.htm。上網日 期:2010-07-30 9. 黃裕益。2000。鼓風式噴霧法於開放型溫室降溫之研究。中華農 業機械期刊9(4):17-30。 10. 蔡金川主編。2004。設施園藝學。123-130。台北。財團法人台北 市七星農田水 利研究發展基金會編印。 11. 三原義秋.古牧弘。1973。 温室の細霧冷房(Fog & Fan)法の実施 例について。農業氣象28(4)。231-236。 12 三原義秋。1980。温室設備の基礎と実際。東京:養賢堂。160-166。 13. Businger, J. A. 1966. The glasshouse (greenhouse) climate. In Physics of Plant Environment, ed. W. R. van Wijk. North-Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam. 382 pp. 14. Campbell, G. S. 1977. An Introduction to Enviornmental Biophysics. pp. 159.Springer-Verlag, New York. 15. Gates, D.M. 1964. Leaf temperature and transpiration. Agronomy Journal, 56:273-277. 16. Levitt, J.1980. Responses of Plants to Envioremental Stresses. Vol. I. Chilling, Freezingand High Temperature Stress. pp.497. Academic Press, New York. 17. Monteith, J. L. 1973. Principles of Environmental Physics. Edward Arnold Limited,25 Hill Street, London, UK. 18. Penman, H.L. 1948. Natural evaporation from open water, bare soil and grass. Proc. Roy. Soc. London (A) 193: 120-145. 19. Rosenberg, N. J., B. L. Blad. and S. B. Verma. 1983. Microclimate: The Biological Environment. 2nd ed. pp.495. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
摘要: 溫室在企業化經營的模式下,為使室內種植的番茄有穩定的產量及優良的品質,因此溫室內微氣候量測技術將決定其環控效能之重要因素;本實驗利用荷蘭LetsGrow公司的整合性微氣候量測系統對於試驗溫室進行實地量測,利用分析之結果,針對溫室內微氣候之情況,擬定改善之方針。 由本研究之結果顯示,透過GPRS傳輸之即時圖像顯示結果,讓使用者清楚了解溫室內微氣候現況,增加其資訊獲得的便利性;另一方面,此套設備將量測之數值經由數學模式或濕空氣性質等方式,透過雲端運算的概念,計算出植物生理訊息,進而讓使用者更清楚了解植物之生理需求。透過本試驗量測之數據,對於試驗溫室業者將可更精確的控制其環控設施的啟閉,並且可降低不必要的用電量和減低設施頻繁啟閉造成的損害。
For the sake of steady production and excellent quality, most current greenhouse operators of tomato adopted managing mode for enterprises, hence measurement techniques for microclimate in the greenhouse becomes a crucial factor. On the other hand, in addition to understanding the condition of microclimate in the greenhouse accurately, efficacy of environmental control in the greenhouse could be promoted by collaborating physiological conditions. In this experiment, the integrated microclimate measurement system was applied for conduct of field test to the subject greenhouses and for analysis of the results. Optimized design guidelines were then employed to change environmental control system for the greenhouses in order to scheme an optimized production strategy for the greenhouse. Instant images of results of this study transmitted through GPRS allowed users to clearly see current conditions in the greenhouses which increased convenience of information acquirement; besides, this equipment allowed measured data calculated for physiological information through the concept of cloud calculation by the ways of mathematical model and property of wet air, through which users could better understand requirements of the plants. By using the data measured in this test, operators of greenhouses could control start and turn-off of their environmental facilities more precisely, and so lower unnecessary power consumption and loss from frequent start and turn-off to the facilities.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35424
其他識別: U0005-2208201113070700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2208201113070700
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