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標題: 過熱蒸氣於芒果檢疫之應用研究
The Application of Superheated Steam to Quarantine Fruit Fly for Mango
作者: 陳維仁
Chen, Wei-Jen
關鍵字: 過熱蒸氣
super heated steam
Quarantine treatment,fruit fly eggs
出版社: 生物產業機電工程學系所
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摘要: 本研究主要在設計並研製一套過熱蒸氣處理機來進行殺蟲處理,系統主要利用過熱蒸氣接觸比其溫度還低的物質時,冷凝成水而釋放大量熱的特性,將熱傳遞至水果果皮內以殺死果肉淺層所含有的蟲卵,達成檢疫殺蟲之目的。 由實驗結果得知,當以過熱蒸氣處理,由於蟲卵孵化天數對於高溫檢疫處理其耐熱性有所不同,蟲卵致死率達99.5%的致死溫度為75℃,過熱蒸氣雖不會使得芒果水分流失,但溫度對於芒果之影響力甚大,高溫及長時間處理易於芒果外表上的造成熱傷害。
A superheated steam system is designed and developed to kill quarantine insects and eggs in this study. The operating principle of the system is mainly to use mass heat, which is released from vapor to become liquid as it contacts cold material. The released heat is transferred into fruit through peel to kill the insects and eggs which are just behind the peel. Then the work of quarantine for exporting local fruit is done. The experimental results show that the different hatch days of fruit fly egg has different capability to tolerate the heat, when the superheated steam is applied to quarantine the exported fruits. The lethal rate of fruit egg does reach 99.5%, as the temperature of fruit is 75C. Although the application of super heated steam for quarantine treatment does not cause the water loss of Mango, both of the high temperature and long treatment time period do deteriorate the quality of Mango, of which peel does show thermal damage.
其他識別: U0005-2808200613575900
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